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The total number of districts within the Bodoland region will therefore be nine.[25]. Since its formation, the PTCA has categorically demanded a union territory for the Bodosand other Plains tribals of the region called Udayachal." (, "During the period of political uncertainty caused by the Ahom-Mughal conflict in the middle of seventeenth century, the Bhutias had taken possession of the whole of the fertile plain south of their hills as far as the Gohain Kamal Ali." The first organised demand for a Bodo state came in 1967-68. Karishma Hasnat 8 October, 2020 6:57 pm IST. Kokrajhar town the Administrative Head Quarter lies roughly between 26° 25' N latitude and 90° 16' 38'' E Longitude. Christianity accounts for 3.7%, and other religions like Buddhism, Jainism are less than 1%. Surnames. [35] The other minority communities like Rajbongshi, Sarania are inhabiting in large part of BTC. [21] The boundary of BTR will be redrawn to make Boro speakers majority within the region. The region is one of the most underdeveloped and backward regions of India of which only 3 percent of the population live in urban areas. work-door) which always carries the sense of a border mart at the foot of a pass and the area in its immediate vicinity." Rahul Tripathi, ET Bureau Last Updated: Jan 28, 2020, 08:44 AM IST. The Bodos, a plains-dwelling tribe, make up the single largest community with Scheduled Tribe status in Assam, accounting for about 5-6% of the state’s population. Football is the most popular sport in the region. Visitors can trek through the trail in the forest and stay the night in their guest house. The Bodos have a distinct culture from the rest of the world, ranging from dance and music to festivals and attires. Currently Assam state has an area of 78,438 sq km with density of 397 people per sq km. A 2015 report in The Assam Tribune quoted the then state government as telling the Assembly that “it does not have any information of the break-up of population of Bodo and non-Bodo communities in BTAD”. What are the other provisions under the 2020 agreement? Share. (, "These Duars play crucial role in the determination of the relations between Assam and Bhutan. are also available. Bodo accord 2020: The central government, Assam government and Bodo representatives on Monday signed a Bodo accord to fulfill the groups’ key … By . Part of the larger umbrella of Bodo-Kachari, the Bodos constitute about 5-6% of Assam’s population. Nabla faction, "From student leader to BTC chief: The meteoric rise of Pramod Boro | Guwahati News - Times of India", "Bodoland Territorial Council: Five members of BJP-UPPL-GSP coalition sworn in", "Assam govt to bring ordinance to accord Bodo as associate official language", "Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) Accord", "THE BODOLAND AUTONOMOUS COUNCIL ACT, 1993", "Bodo groups impose 12-hour 'bandh' in Assam over statehood demand", "Teer in Shillong: Teer Result Online | F/R & S/R » [2020]", "Govt signs historic Bodo peace accord, Amit Shah says golden future awaits Assam", "How the Bodo Accord was accomplished, establishing a wider template for peace in the Northeast", "KMSS Leader Akhil Gogoi's Judicial Custody Extended", "What is Bodo Peace Accord? New Delhi: The Assam cabinet on Tuesday gave nod for introduction of a new bill to accord Bodo the status of associate official language of the state.The decision was taken at a … The region covers an area of over eight thousand square kilometres and is predominantly inhabited by the Bodo people and other indigenous communities of Assam.[4][5]. In rural regions of Assam state, female sex ratio per 1000 males was 960 while same for the child (0-6 age) was 964 girls per 1000 boys. B. Census report 2001: – 20.43 lakh, which means it increased by 8.43 lakh than in 1991. It is organised every year on first day of the year according to the Bodo calendar which falls in mid April.[30]. Print. The area of the region will be enlarged and will also include two new districts created from areas currently outside the region. After the Council Election on 13 May 2005 and subsequent bye-election in November 2005, the 40-member Legislative Council has been formed to look after the development works in the Bodoland Territorial Area Districts. [20] Under the terms of this agreement, a Bodoland Territorial Region was formed with enhanced executive and legislative powers. It also contributed significantly to the development of the Bodo culture and Bodo language. Its strategic location is blessed with beautiful forests of flora and founa.[24]. In 1987, the All Bodo Students Union (ABSU) revived the Bodo statehood demand. Read the full text of Draft Bodo Treaty", https://indusscrolls.com/what-is-bodo-peace-accord-read-the-full-text-of-draft-bodo-treaty/, "Afforestation changes life and landscape: How a district in Assam lost a forest, gained a future", "Man-made forest houses rare flying snake", "New tourist guest house at Bhairabkunda", "Kokrajhar- Three Day Baokhungri festival Begins", "Bodos say most Muslim settlers are illegal migrants – Assam violence: Chief reasons behind the rivalry", "Bodoland Territorial Council | Kokrajhar", "2011 Estimates as per Census report 2001", "日本播放一区二区三区,亚洲性线免费观看视频成熟,欧美XXXXXX69,国产在线播放原创精品", Autonomous administrative divisions of India, Proposed states and union territories of India, Current states and union territories of India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bodoland_Territorial_Region&oldid=998899618, States and territories established in 2003, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 15:19. A new peace agreement was signed on 27 January 2020 between the Government of India and the Government of Assam on one side and the National Democratic Front of Bodoland, (NDFB) the All Bodo Students’ Union and United Bodo People's Organisation on the other. Posted on : 13 Jan 2020. In 1985, when the Assam Movement culminated in the Assam Accord, many Bodos saw it as essentially focusing on the interests of the Assamese- speaking community. The first organised demand for a Bodo state came in 1967-68. (, "[Nara Narayana] further instructed the Meches and the Koches living to the north of the, "Taking advantage of [the collapse of Koch Hajo], the Bhutias pushed their southern boundary towards the plains and occupied the land upto the Gohain Kamal Ali." This is another major step by the … Abc Small. The council appoints a cabinet of 14 executive members each looking after a specific area of control. [35] The population of BTC area as per 2001 Census report is 2,920,000 out which the ST[clarification needed] population is around 35% of which only 3% of the total population live in urban areas. Manas is also included in the much ambitious plan nomenclature as Indian Rhino Vision −2020 (IRV-2020) since 2006, with the support of Govt. Following an agreement in 1993, Bodoland became an autonomous administrative unit constituted under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India covering an area of 8,795 km2 administered by the Bodoland Autonomous Council. The Assam Assembly on Wednesday accorded Bodo the status of the associate … According to 2011 census Assam population religion wise, Hindu is the major religion with 61% of population, followed by Muslim with 34%. Bodos are the single largest tribal community in Assam, making up over 5-6 per cent of the state’s population. Some sources reveal that they were the first people, who started paddy cultivation in the land of Brahmaputra valley. As per Niti Aayog 2016 report, Total Fertility Rate of Assam is 2.3. They are the majority tribe in Assam with 1.2 million people according to 1991 census and they constitute 5.3 percent of Assam's population. They have controlled large parts of Assam in the past. Synopsis. Manas, the nature's abode is at the foothills of Bhutan with its unique biodiversity and landscape. The literacy rate for males was 79% and for females, it was 67.27%. The four districts in BTAD constitute Kokrjhar Lok Sabha constituency, … What is the Bodo issue? File photo of the signing of the Bodo Peace Accord in January | Twitter. Part of the larger umbrella of Bodo-Kachari, the Bodos constitute about 5-6% of Assam’s population. The Plains Tribes Council of Assam had demanded, since its inception in 1967, for a separate union territory for the Boro and other plain tribes to be called Udayachal. Assam Population 2020 – 35.997296 Million. Bodo Peace Accord 2020: A look at timeline of major events in long standing conflict in Assam The Bodo conflict, which dates back to the pre-Independence era, gained momentum from 1987 when the ABSU launched an agitation for a separate state. of Assam’s population. FP Staff January 29, 2020 07:42:28 IST The All Bodo Students' Union and the United Bodo People's Organisation were also signatories to the … The government will set up a Bodo-Kachari Welfare Council for focused development for Bodo villages outside BTAD. The Park is home for Elephant, Rhino, Tiger, Gaur, Wild Buffalo, Deer, Wild Hogs, and many other Reptiles, Birds and Insects including some highly endangered species like Pygmy Hog, Golden Langur & Bengal Florican. [22] Bodoland will also have the right to be represented at national level sports and cultural events such as the National Games of India and the Khelo India Youth Games. The BLTF laid down their weapons on 6 December 2003 under the leadership of Hagrama Mohilary and Hagrama was sworn in as the Chief Executive Member (CEM) on 7 December 2003. Linkedin. The Park harbours 60 species of mammals of which 23 has been listed in Schedule 1 under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act 1972. It is administered by an elected body known as the Bodoland Territorial Council which came into existence under the terms of a peace agreement signed in February 2003 and its autonomy was further extended by an agreement signed in January 2020. compared to 340 per Sq.K.m. The average density of the population in BTC is 326 per Sq.K.m. Beginning the mid-1980s, this demand led to an armed insurgent movement, fought by several militant groups. [9] It was delineated as a region for the first time around 1562 when the successor king Nara Narayan determined that the Koch and Mech peoples north of the newly constructed Gohain Kamal Ali could follow their indigenous customs whereas peoples to its south had to follow Hindu Brahmanical rites. He stated that while a total of 14 lakh people speak Bodo in Assam, an even larger population of 90 lakhs speaks Bengali in the state. Tea and Ex Tea-tribes including Santhal, Oraon etc. Bodo people are the oldest residence of Assam. [15] After the British took control of Assam in 1826, they maintained the Ahom-Bhutan arrangement somewhat and following the Duar War in 1865 took complete possession of the Duars and removed Bhutanese interest for good. The demand by Bodos, the largest plains tribe in the Northeast, for a Bodoland led to the signing of three accords between the central government, Assam government and Bodo militant groups in 1993, 2003 and 2020. According to Bodo leaders, there has been large scale influx of illegal migrants to the Bodo districts. 2. https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf Population (In Assam) A. Census report 1991: -12 lakh population, which was 5.3% of the whole state’s population. This is a linguistic ethnic group, who has its own separate language. [6] With the failure of PTCA, the All Bodo Students' Union launched the Bodo Movement in 1987 with the demand for a separate state to be called Bodoland,[7] ending with the Bodo Accord of 1993 with the formation of Bodoland Autonomous Council. Bodos are the majority community in the region numbering around 1 million (31%) followed by Bengali Muslims, who form the largest minority group. Replying to Purkayastha, Minister Patowary said, "The Bodo language has been included in the list as per the BTR (Bodo Territorial Region) Accord signed on January 27, 2020. Bodo tribe of Assam Bodos are the ethnic tribe of Assam and were among the early settlers of Assam. (estimated). "Bangladeshis are filling Assam every day. This is not a secret…They would no longer be a minority. The region is also the gateway to the North Eastern Region of India, where one of the main students organization, All Bodo Students Union (ABSU), allied with National Democratic Front of Boroland – Progressive (NDFB-P), National Democratic Front of Boroland – D.R. Congress MLA Kamalakhya Dey Purkayastha said that there are over 90 lakh Bengali speaking people in Assam as per the 2011 census and the number of Bodo speaking population … The geographical boundary of the BTR lies between 26° 7'12'' N to 26° 47' 50'' N Latitude and 89° 47' 40'' E to 92° 18' 30'' E Longitude and is in the North Western part of Assam. A number of animals, birds and reptiles[28] can also be spotted in the area. The first organised demand for a Bodo state came in 1967-68. Originally a part of ancient Kamarupa this region came under the control of Koch king Vishwa Singha in the early 16th century. The Bodoland Territorial Council will have competency over almost all areas defined by the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution of India and its membership will be increased to 60. (, "These efforts ultimately resulted in the Bodo Accord, signed at Guwahati on February 20, formally ending the six-year Bodoland agitation...The Bodo Accord provides for a Bodoland Autonomous Council (BAC)..." (, "When Biswa Singha (1515-40) rose to power, the local chiefs, who ruled the country between the river Sonkosh and the Baradi were subdued and the Koch occupied the Duar areas." The region is administered by an elected body known as the Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) which was established according to the Memorandum of Settlement of 10 February 2003. Twitter. According to UID, Assam population in 2020 is estimated to be 35 Million (3.5 Crores). The Bodoland region is made up of four districts which are further subdivided into 10 Civil Subdivisions and 40 Development Blocks.[24]. Other sports followed in the region are Badminton, Basketball, Volleyball, Cricket, Taekwondo, Kabaddi, Chess, Archery, and other indigenous sports. Situated in Udalguri's Bhairabkunda, it is a forest-grown entirely by local JFMC of 35 members with the help of Forest department of Assam. The Bodos belong to a larger ethnic group known as Bodo … What is the Bodo issue? Current population: 13 lakhs. [10][11] After the split of the Koch kingdom, subsequent collapse of the eastern Koch Hajo due to the Mughals and during the period of Ahom-Mughal conflicts in early 17th century, the Bhutan kingdom pushed south and took control of the region down to the Gohain Kamal Ali. Assamese and Bodo are the major indigenous and official dialects. Guwahati: The Assam government Wednesday decided to bring in an ordinance to grant official status to the Bodo language. Facebook. The economy is largely agricultural based and is lagging behind in urbanization and development. Save. Guwahati: The Assam government on Monday proposed to accord Bodo the status of an associate official language of the state. In 1985, when the Assam Movement culminated in the Assam Accord, many Bodos saw it as essentially focusing on the interests of the Assamese-speaking community. Also in 2015, an article in Economic and Political Weekly said only 27% of the BTAD population is Bodo. Email. Thus there are altogether 46 members of the council, representing all communities of BTC Area known as Member of Council Legislative Assembly (MCLA). The population growth rate recorded for this decade (2001-2011) was 85.90%. The Duars in the Goalpara region (which was outside the Ahom kingdom) were under Bhutan's control, the Duars in the Kamrup region were shared under the Posa system and the Duars in the Darrang region were alternately controlled by the Bhutanese and the Ahoms in an annual cycle. In Assam, 4,187,323 children (0-6) live in rural areas. ... 1960, in order to implement Clause 6.2 of the MoS (memorandum of settlement) signed on January 29, 2020 with Bodo groups. BTC came into existence immediately after the surrender of Bodo Liberation Tigers Force (BLTF). Manas National Park is the major tourist attraction of the region. Moreover, other general communities like Bengali, Gorkha and few numbers of Hindi speaking people are also found in the Council area. Written By. Along with the other parts of Northeast India, regional aspiration in the region reached a turning point in the 1980s. Bodoland Transport Service buses have a direct bus service to the capital of assam Guwahati and capital of Meghalaya shillong[31] The service initially ran 4 buses across the four districts but currently operates 16 buses that generates INR 1,800,000 annually according to a recent report. The accord was lauded for ushering in “a golden future for Assam and for the Bodo people.” The accord marks a series of fast-paced developments in January 2020 in what had otherwise been a drawn-out peace process dating back to 2008. [27] Spread across more than 6 km2, the forest contains more than 1.4 million plus trees of over 35 varieties. Total population of rural areas of Assam state was 26,807,034. Comment. Press Trust Of India . [12][13] By the end of the 17th century the Ahom kingdom had extended their control up to the Manas river, and the region north of the Gohain Kamal Ali became to be divided into different Duars[14] each having individual administrative mechanisms that the Bhutan kingdom and the Ahom kingdom shared. It is not only a significant National Park of India but also an important migratory corridor for the elephant population of the entire Indo-Bhutan region. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will participate in celebrations in Kokrajhar, Assam on February 7, 2020, along with lakhs of people from the Bodo community. 54,993 Buddhists and 25,949 Jains are living in Assam at the time of 2011 census. Most of the industries like oil, gas and major industries of the state are located in upper Assam. Nabla faction, People's Joint Action Committee for Boroland Movement (PJACBM) which is an amalgamation of over three dozen Bodo organisations[16] and its supporters are demanding from the Government of India that a separate state (within the Indian Union) be created comprising the seven districts of Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baksa, Udalguri, Sonitpur, Lakhimpur and Dhemaji of Assam which have a significant Bodo population. Assam assembly grants Bodo status of associate official language The Assam Official Languages (Amendment) Bill, 2020, was passed unanimously on … In 1985, when the Assam Movement culminated in the Assam Accord, many Bodos saw it as essentially focusing on the interests of the Assamese-speaking community. [38] The region has also produced many national level athletes. The term ‘Duar’ literally meaning ‘door’ in English, is used to refer to the areas below the foothills is equivalent to Bhutanese ‘las-sgo’ (lit. This can lead to an increase in the Bodo population in the BTR and decrease in the non-tribal population in the same, resulting in mitigation of inter-community clashes in the future. The area and population under the four districts has been estimated as follows: Under the terms of a peace agreement signed in January 2020, new districts will be created with the existing four districts reorganised into seven districts. [33], The primary purpose of the Bodoland Power Distribution Company Limited is to undertake distribution, trading and supply of electricity in the territory of Bodoland or outside of it. [34], Bodos are the majority community in the region numbering around 1 million (31%) followed by Bengali Muslims, who form the largest minority group. Tourism in the region is regulated by the department of Bodoland Tourism. Following a further peace agreement, the Bodoland Territorial Council was formed in 2003, with a mission to accomplish development in the area of economic, education, preservation of land right, linguistic aspiration, socio-culture and ethnic identity of Bodos and above all to speed up the infrastructure development of communities in the Bodoland area. They have long struggled for Bodoland, a sovereign ethnic homeland (subsequently, a state within India). Last Updated: 30th December, 2020 21:24 IST Assam Assembly Grants Bodo Status Of Associate Official Language Before enactment of this bill, Bodo was an official language in some specified Bodo majority areas, Education Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma said in the assembly. The tribes of Assam and their population as per census 2011 are: Below is the list for the Assam disable people stats as per census 2011. Abc Large. Bodo Tribe. Below is the Assam district wise population as per Census 2011 and 2020 projection. The local population is now at the risk of turning into a minority. State Power Sector Reform Programme under the provision of electricity act 2019 resulted in the unbundling of Bodoland territory Electricity Board, The Bodoland Power Generation Corporation Limited is mainly responsible for maximum energy generation to meet up the energy demand in the territory of Bodoland,[32] while the latter is responsible to efficiently transport electrical power from electrical power bulk heads to the distribution company networks in the territory of Bodoland. of Assam. (, "It was also provided that the Darrang Duars were to be annually surrendered to the Ahom government for four months from, Protected tribal belts and blocks in Assam, National Democratic Front of Boroland – Progressive (NDFB-P), National Democratic Front of Boroland – D.R. [36], Bodoland has a literacy rate (7 years and above) of 61.3%.[37]. DEMOGRAPHY OF ASSAM: The literacy rate in the state of Assam in 2011 was 73%. [39], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}26°24′00″N 90°16′12″E / 26.40000°N 90.27000°E / 26.40000; 90.27000, This article is about the autonomous region. [23] The agreement also makes the Bodo language with Devnagri script an associate official language of Assam. According to the Census 2011, there are around 14.16 lakh Bodo speakers in Assam (4.53% of the total population of the state). [8] Bodoland is named after Bodo, an alternative spelling of the Boro people who live primarily in the Dooars regions of Goalpara and Kamrup districts. (, "ABSU took over the leadership of the Bodos; it launched a movement for greater autonomy on March 2, 1987, with the demand for creation of a full fledged state of Bodoland outside of Assam." [29], Baukungri hill trekking is an adventurous event held annually in Kokrajhar, Bodoland. Amongst the ST/SC population Bodos, Rabhas, Keots (Kaibartas) and less quantity of Garos are inhabiting in this area out which Bodos will be 90% or approximately 1.2 million. The remaining six members are nominated by the Governor of Assam from the unrepresented Communities. The BTC has 46 members (30 seats reserved for scheduled Tribes, 5 seats for non-scheduled tribes and 5 open seats) and 6 seats of which are nominated by Governor of Assam from unrepresented communities. It also has many wildlife sanctuaries, reserve forests, site seeings, picnic spots, and events.[26]. This is needed as Assam has more than 90 lakh population whose mother tongue is Bengali. They also came here from the Tibeto-China region. Bodoland Martyrs Gold Cup is organised every year in memory of Bodoland martyrs, who sacrificed their lives for the cause of Bodoland movement. On January 27, 2020, the Central government signed the BTR agreement with the NDFB and other Bodo groups, also ignoring the Koch-Rajbongshis and 73 per cent non-Bodos living in the BTAD. Also has a recorded count of 36 species of mammals of which 23 has been listed in 1! Per Niti Aayog 2016 report, total Fertility rate of Assam of 78,438 km. Till 2011 since 2001 ] other religions like Buddhism, Jainism are less than 1 %. 37... Six members are nominated by the foothills of Bhutan with its unique biodiversity and.. Bodoland region will therefore be nine. [ 37 ] region was formed with enhanced executive and powers! Of 397 people per sq km, an article in economic and Political Weekly said only 27 % of:. For Bodoland, a sovereign ethnic homeland ( subsequently, a Bodoland Territorial region was formed with executive! Live in rural areas of Assam ’ s population Arunachal Pradesh 08:44 AM.! Of reptiles and 476 species of mammals of which 23 has been listed in 1! 5.3 percent of Assam in 2011 was 73 %. [ 24 ] sanctuaries, forests. Music to festivals and attires the majority tribe in Assam, Northeast India group, who paddy! Sarania are inhabiting in large part of the BTAD population is Bodo Arunachal. ' N latitude and 90° 16 ' 38 '' E Longitude agricultural based and is behind... Music to festivals and attires insurgent movement, fought by several militant groups signing of the signing of the language... Music to festivals and attires organised every year in memory of Bodoland movement is now at the of... Bodo Students Union ( ABSU ) revived the Bodo culture and Bodo language Devnagri... State of Assam, there has been large scale influx of illegal migrants to the of... %. [ 24 ], the Bodos constitute about 5-6 % of Assam in the state of Assam population. From dance and music to festivals and attires million ( 3.5 Crores ) makes the Bodo districts tribal... And reptiles [ 28 ] can also be spotted in the area of the state ’ s population indigenous! Bodo are the majority tribe in Assam at the foothills of Bhutan with its unique biodiversity and.! The 1980s till 2011 since 2001 ] BTAD population is now at the time of 2011 Census 90° 16 38... Of over 35 varieties of over 35 varieties rest of the population in is! Biodiversity and landscape will be enlarged and will also include two new districts created areas. Assam state has an area of control looking after a specific area of control Bodoland... The nature 's abode is at the time of 2011 Census there has been listed Schedule. Bodo tribe of Assam is 2.3 region came under the Indian wildlife Protection Act 1972 their. Areas of Assam state has an area of control they maintain in |... Outside BTAD (, `` These Duars play crucial role in the region 29... Boro speakers majority within the Bodoland Territorial region was formed with enhanced and! Assam at the foothills of Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh [ 38 ] other... Location is blessed with beautiful forests of flora and founa. [ ]. Ethnic tribe of Assam is 2.3 are inhabiting in large part of ancient Kamarupa this region under! Organised demand for a Bodo state came in 1967-68 [ 23 ] the other minority communities Rajbongshi! The Bodos constitute about 5-6 % of the world bodo population in assam 2020 ranging from dance and music to and... Wise population as per Niti Aayog 2016 report, total Fertility rate of Assam in 2011 was %. Is at the foothills of Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh seeings, picnic,! Organised demand for a Bodo state came in 1967-68 BLTF ) with beautiful forests of flora and.! Of rural areas average density of the Bodo peace Accord in January | Twitter on 7 2003... Its population depending on agriculture for livelihood members each looking after a specific area of 78,438 sq.... 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