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He was one of the principal figures of the "Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration". [145] In 2001, the Athy Heritage Centre-Museum, Athy, County Kildare, Ireland, established the Ernest Shackleton Autumn School, which is held annually, to honour the memory of Ernest Shackleton. [d] En route the South Pole party discovered the Beardmore Glacier—named after Shackleton's patron[53]—and became the first persons to see and travel on the South Polar Plateau. I thought it was.’ He continued: ’I can’t sleep to-night, can you get me a sleeping draught? Although some of his former crew members had not received all their pay from the Endurance expedition, many of them signed on with their former "Boss". His father, Henry Shackleton, tried to enter the army, but his poor health prevented him from doing so. Robert Hugh Mill wrote of Shackleton’s death: A fine, a characteristic end, without warning, without regret. On April 24th, he set off with five sailors from Elephant Island across 800 miles of the world's stormiest seas to seek help. His hero, early 20th century Antarctic explorer Ernest Shackleton, did. Ernest Shackleton, death occurred on Monday in Philadelphia. [114] From October 1918, he served with the North Russia Expeditionary Force in the Russian Civil War under the command of Major-General Edmund Ironside, with the role of advising on the equipment and training of British forces in arctic conditions. Shackleton's mother, Henrietta Letitia Sophia Gavan, was descended from the Fitzmaurice family. 77510). [95] This was the first time they had stood on solid ground for 497 days. [129][130] Macklin wrote in his diary: "I think this is as 'the Boss' would have had it himself, standing lonely in an island far from civilisation, surrounded by stormy tempestuous seas, & in the vicinity of one of his greatest exploits. Facing possible death, Shackleton gambled on another sea voyage: back toward South Georgia. In between journey and journey, … This party would then lay supply depots across the Great Ice Barrier as far as the Beardmore Glacier; these depots would hold the food and fuel that would enable Shackleton's party to complete their journey of 1,800 miles (2,900 km) across the continent. He tried to be a successful businessman but failed. In the darkening twilight I saw a lone star hover. But at 97 nautical miles away, and with death knocking at … Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton (February 15, 1874 – January 5, 1922) was a Polar explorer who led 3 British expeditions to Antarctica. He later wrote: ‘Naturally it was a great shock to them all, especially to those who had served with him before and thus knew him more intimately.’. A true leader of men, Shackleton had ventured South with Robert Falcon Scott, aboard the Discovery, before setting a Farthest South record when he commanded the Nimrod Expedition, and journeyed to within 97 miles of the South Pole. [44] Before leaving England, he had been pressured to give an undertaking to Scott that he would not base himself in the McMurdo area, which Scott was claiming as his own field of work. With Tim Jarvis. [66] The heroism was also claimed by Ireland: the Dublin Evening Telegraph's headline read "South Pole Almost Reached By An Irishman",[66] while the Dublin Express spoke of the "qualities that were his heritage as an Irishman".[66]. I noted the time—it was about 2.50 a.m.’. Shackleton's will was proven in London on 12 May 1922. [35] As the first significant person to return from the Antarctic, he found that he was in demand; in particular, the Admiralty wished to consult him about its further proposals for the rescue of Discovery. On 4 January, 1922, the ‘Quest’ reached South Georgia and cast anchor off the Grytviken whaling station. Repeatedly requesting posting to the front in France,[109] he was by now drinking heavily. Ernest Shackleton, Self: South. He studied at Dulwich College at the age of 13, and although he disliked school, he placed 5th in a class of 31 students during his final term. Antarctica / History / Shackleton In 2013 Seb Coulthard took a small wooden boat into an unforgiving sea, and along with five other spirited adventurers, attempted to follow in the footsteps of the legendary polar explorer, Sir Ernest Shackleton. He was 47 years old. [49], It was noted that ice conditions were unstable, precluding the establishment of a safe base there. Shackleton's fourth expedition aimed to circumnavigate the Antarctic continent but on 5 January 1922, Shackleton died of a heart attack off South Georgia. Henry Worsley should have called it quits. Shackleton refused to pack supplies for more than four weeks, knowing that if they did not reach South Georgia within that time, the boat and its crew would be lost. [59], On Shackleton's return home, public honours were quickly forthcoming. They later learned that the same hurricane had sunk a 500-ton steamer bound for South Georgia from Buenos Aires. Shackleton was born on 15 February 1874, in Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland. He also assisted in the equipping of the Argentine Uruguay, which was being fitted out for the relief of the stranded Swedish Antarctic Expedition under Otto Nordenskjold. [64] All the members of the Nimrod Expedition shore party received silver Polar Medals on 23 November, with Shackleton receiving a clasp to his earlier medal. [158], In 2016 a statue of Shackleton by Mark Richards was erected in Athy, sponsored by Kildare County Council. The James Caird lifeboat journey spanned over 800 miles of the tempestuous Southern Ocean, followed by a subsequent crossing of South Georgia on foot. [4] Ernest was the second of their ten children and the first of two sons; the second, Frank, achieved notoriety as a suspect, later exonerated, in the 1907 theft of the Irish Crown Jewels. It is hard to imagine Shackleton’s response was in anything other than a light-hearted jest: ‘You are always wanting me to give up something. [75] Two ships would be employed; Endurance would carry the main party into the Weddell Sea, aiming for Vahsel Bay from where a team of six, led by Shackleton, would begin the crossing of the continent. Weddell sea on 5 December, heading for Vahsel Bay tired of the `` great journey... And published his own departure until 27 September, the Endurance sank, due to bad health was his from. Set to mark the spot reads: `` he ought not to risk further hardship his! 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