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Sloth bears live mainly in tropical areas. Sloth bears have black fur, though some individuals have white markings on their chests. Termites, dug out of their cement-hard nest mounds, and some ants are year-round staples. google_ad_height = 600; When confronted by humans they will attack and can cause serious injury, or even death. The sloth bear, like all bears, is a carnivoran – a member of the order Carnivora. Unlike the small round ears of most bear species, sloth bears have large ears. It is found throughout India, Sri Lanka, and further north into Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan. The food items stabilization curve showed that 70 scats in summer, and 80 scats in winter, were required to depict the diet of sloth bear adequately. Their diet is similar to that of other insectivores, like anteaters, and they thrive on commercial insectivore feed and fruits. A sloth bear died after it was caught in a snare set up by poachers in a forest fringe area in the Palamaner range. google_color_bg = "FFFFFF"; Two-toed sloths eat both plants and small animals. They primarily eat termites and ants and have also been called "labiated bears" because of their long lower lip and palate used for sucking insects. Physical characteristics of Sloth Bears make them able to easily suck up large amounts of ants and termites. However, unlike other bear species, cubs do not climb trees to escape a threat. They do not become fully independent until they are two or three years old. Sloth bears do not hibernate and are not related to sloths. They are found in forests and grasslands throughout their range. Like most bears, however, the sloth bear has evolved to become an omnivore (an animal that eats both plants and meat). This supports their low-energy diet of leaves and avoids detection by predatory hawks and cats that hunt by sight. To find honey or fruit they can climb about 8 metres (26 feet) up a tree and hang from branches. They may eat insects, small lizards and carrion, however, their diet consists mostly of buds, tender shoots and leaves (including leaves from the cecropia tree). Then they raid the honeycombs or shake the branches until the fruit drops off. The higher proportion of plant food in the diet of sloth bear indicates that it is predominantly vegetarian as indicated in some previous studies (Prater, 1971; Johnsingh, 1986; Baskaran, 1990). They are also known to climb up trees to get at bee hives. Humans have driven them to extinction in Bangladesh, though these bears also reside in southern Nepal, and Sri Lanka. They are excellent swimmers, and most habitats include a large water body to swim and play in. They dig into termite mounds with their sharp claws then blow through their big lips to brush the dirt away from the insects. Unlike brown bears and other bear species, they do not congregate to a single food source. Instead, they remain on their mother’s back and she aggressively drives away the predator. Their ears are also floppy and coated in long fur. The Sloth bear is a myrmecophagous bear species native to the Indian subcontinent. In some places the bears’ territories overlap, but Sloth Bears usually get along with their cousins. Humans have threatened these bears with extinction, and they need our help. We studied diets of sloth bears in Royal Chitwan National Park, … Charles Catton included the bear in his 1788 book Animals Drawn from Nature and Engraved in Aqua-tinta, describing it as an "animal of the bear-kind" and saying it was properly called the "Petre Bear". This species feeds primarily on insects, and scientists consider them insectivores. Read on to learn about the sloth bear. These bears live in a variety of habitats with large insect populations, particularly termite mounds. They frequently amble into, and sometimes forage in, agricultural fields and other human-dominated areas: a recent study found that crops are also part of sloth bear diet in northern Odisha. Sloth Bear Facts: The sloth bear is native to India, Sri Lanka and Nepal. Sloth bears in the wild also eat: Ants and other insects; Bee larvae; Grubs; Crops such as sugarcane, corn and yams; Grass; Honey; Eggs; Carrion (animals they find that are already dead) Fruits; Berries; Nuts and seed pods; Flowers. The Scientific Name of the Sloths is Choloepus Hoffmanni; Sloths Diet. The sloth bear is an opportunistic feeder. google_ad_width = 120; (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Animals.NET aim to promote interest in nature and animals among children, as well as raise their awareness in conservation and environmental protection. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Community-based incentives to replant forests and protect sloth bear habitat is important in the conservation of this species. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});