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1 (1%) has announced a moratorium and plans to abolish capital punishment, but has used it within the last ten years. Death penalty for aggravated murder; terrorism; violent robbery, armed robbery or gang-robbery; arson; kidnapping; treason; espionage; certain military offenses; crimes against humanity; genocide; assaulting on-duty state employees with the intention of causing death; poisoning or mass poisoning of water supplies; committing torture or barbarous acts in the course of a serious offense and attempting a death-eligible crime. Of the 54 independent states in Africa that are UN members: Many African countries have carried out no executions for over 10 years, but are not believed to have an abolitionist policy or established practice. China is the world's most active death penalty country; according to Amnesty International, China executes more people than the rest of the world combined per annum. Its existence can be traced to the beginning of the American colonies. Nowadays, more than two-thirds of countries in the world have abolished capital punishment. In addition, about 50 other countries are abolitionist in practice. This is a increase from 16 in 1977. Non-independent territories are considered to be under the jurisdiction of their parent country – which leads to unexpectedly late abolition dates for the UK, New Zealand and the Netherlands, where Jersey (UK), the Cook Is (NZ), and the Netherlands Antilles, were the last territories of those states to abolish capital punishment, and all were rather later than the more well known abolitions on the respective mainlands. Death penalty for. Death penalty for murder; treason; military offenses; mutiny by prison officers; and abortion (in Zanzibar semi-autonomous region). President. This, however, is far more than half the number of murders amongst the five countries with the penalty still in force. In South Korea, Russia, the Bahamas, Barbados, and Brunei, a moratorium is in practice. CCPR/C/79/Add.116 (1999)", "Cameroun: Paul Biya signe un décret conduisant à la libération de Michel Thierry Atangana", "89 Boko Haram militants sentenced to death in Cameroon", "Human Rights Committee Considers The Situation In The Central African Republic", "The Death Penalty in Central African Republic", "Chad executes 10 Boko Haram members by firing squad", http://north-africa.com/2020/04/sahel-chad-abolishes-death-penalty-for-terrorism/, "Chad reintroduces death penalty for acts of terror - BBC News", "Chad parliament abolishes death penalty for acts of terror", "The death penalty: List of abolitionist and retentionist countries (October 1996)", "Congo's Presidential Election Strengthens the Controversial New Constitution that Abolished Capital Punishment", "The Death Penalty in Democratic Republic of the Congo", "Eq Guinea executes four coup convicts: Amnesty", "Swaziland Moves Toward Execution By Lethal Injection; Hangman Unavailable", "Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee, Gabon, U.N. Doc. In 2018, Burkina Faso repealed the death penalty for ordinary crimes, and The Gambia announced a moratorium as a first step toward abolition. Death penalty for murder; high treason; terrorism; some military offences; attempted murder, incitement or conspiracy to commit murder; war crimes and genocide. "Almost 80% of African countries have abolished the death penalty in law or practice. Executions were recorded in 22 countries in 2014, the same number as 2013. Death penalty for murder, armed robbery, espionage, treason, economic crimes, military offenses, war crimes and genocide. The United Nations passed a non-binding resolution calling for a worldwide moratorium on the death penalty on 2007-DEC-18. Note: The tables can be sorted alphabetically or chronologically using the icon. Precise numbers are not available for many countries, so the total number of executions is unknown. [25] Nearly all countries in this region have abolished the death penalty as a form of punishment, and the two countries that still have it in law (Papua New Guinea and Tonga) have not used it in many decades. Death penalty for treason; insurgency, banditry, sabotage or terrorism resulting in death; perjury in a capital case leading to wrongful execution; murder; attempted murder causing injury by a person sentenced to life for a previous murder; brigandage with murder; and drug dealing under aggravated circumstances. Despite this it was reinstated on several occasions: On 26 August 2008, a new Code of Military Justice was promulgated that abolished death penalty. In 2012, Latvia became the last EU Member State to abolish capital punishment in wartime.[24]. The death penalty is legal in Belize and Guyana. • 36 countries have abolished the death penalty in practice; • 8 countries have abolished the death penalty for ordinary crimes. At least two executions were recorded in Belarus in 2019, compared to at least four in 2018. "Portuguese Constitution of 1933 - Part I, Title II, Article 8º, Nº11: [Translation]: "Article 3 of Law 635 - Amendment to the Portuguese Constitution of 1911 - The exception on the article of the death penalty: [Translation], "Ley Orgánica 11/1995, de 27 de noviembre, de abolición de la pena de muerte en tiempo de guerra", "Turkey's parliament 'to consider reintroducing death penalty. Of the 12 countries with a "very high" Human Development Index which practice executions, 10 are in Asia: Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Abolished in 1910 by Constitutional reform. Death penalty for murder, aggravated murder, treason, destruction of military facilities resulting in death, imposing superstitious trials by ordeal resulting in death, terrorism, armed robbery, drug trafficking and drug possession during wartime, espionage, misappropriation by a public prosecutor of seized or confiscated goods in time of war, some military offences, war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity. In 2016, there were approximately 30 new death sentences—down from a record high of 315 in 1996. Today, that number has risen to 106 - more than half the world's countries. Firing squad. Death penalty for. Firing squad. The last execution in the Caribbean, and the last in the Americas outside the United States, was in Saint Kitts and Nevis in 2008. While in recent years the UWSA has reached a détente with the Myanmar central authority, the Myanmar legal system does not apply in practice within Wa State. As of July 2018[update], of the 195 independent states that are UN members or have UN observer status:[9]. Hanging (in the past, for civil offences), firing squad (military offences). Note: Where a country has abolished, re-instated, and abolished again (e.g. Belarus is the only European country not to have abolished the death penalty. Hanging, shooting. Significant Litigation. After 1876, Emperor Pedro II adopted in practice an abolitionist policy through his prerrogative of Mercy as Head of State, by directing that all death sentences be submitted by the Courts to the Imperial Government for examination regarding commutation (even without a request for pardon or commutation from the person condemned), and by granting commutations for all death sentences that were passed. The most recent countries to abolish capital punishment in Asia are Timor-Leste (2002), Bhutan (2004), Philippines (2006), Kyrgyzstan (2007), Uzbekistan (2008), Mongolia (2017), and Kazakhstan (2021). The U.S., supported by Syria, Iran, China and other dictatorships, opposed the resolution. According to a 2017 report by the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, 709 prisoners in 26 prisons across the country have had death sentences commuted to life imprisonment. [21][22][23], Capital punishment has been completely abolished in all European countries except for Belarus and Russia, the latter of which has a moratorium and has not conducted an execution since 1999. From the 1960s onwards, abolition became far more popular. In Israel and Chile, it is restricted to crimes committed in wartime. 2009 and 2015 were the first two years in recorded history when Europe was completely free of executions. Executions in Africa in 2019: Botswana (1), Egypt (29+), Somalia (13+), South Sudan (7+)[30][31] Executions in the Americas in 2019: United States (22).[128]. Executions in Europe in 2019: Belarus (2+)[171][301]. [20], The European Union holds a strong position against the death penalty; its abolition is a key objective for the Union's human rights policy. In 2005 Liberia ratified the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, abolishing the death penalty for all crimes.9. The self-proclaimed state of Transnistria, which is claimed by Moldova, still retains the death penalty but has observed a moratorium on executions since 1999. Interactive map: The death penalty around the world The interactive map is in French. In Brazil, Chile, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Peru, capital punishment is only legal in special circumstances, such as war crimes. According to deathpenaltyinfo.org 28 states out of 50 have the death penalty in the United States. [147][148][149][150] The death penalty for crimes under the. 6 to the European Convention on Human Rights, abolishing the death penalty for peacetime offences.7. Death penalty enforcement. 7 (13%) maintain the death penalty in both law and practice. New death sentences and executions in the U.S. continue to decline. Death penalty for murder; rape; violent robbery; burglary; treason; housebreaking and military offenses. In 1997 Hong Kong was returned to Chinese rule as a special administrative region of China. Hanging, firing squad. In 2000 it had ratified Protocol No. Abolishing the Death Penalty: As of July, 2018, according to Amnesty International, the capital punishment has been retained by the 56 countries of the 198 United Nations states. [17] In Iran and Saudi Arabia, the numbers of executions are also very high. Abolishing the Death Penalty: As of July, 2018, according to Amnesty International, the capital punishment has been retained by the 56 countries of the 198 United Nations states. Death penalty for aggravated murder, armed robbery, terrorism, "mercenarism" resulting in death, Firing squad, shooting. This is a significant decrease from 20 years ago in 1995, when there were executions in 42 countries, highlighting the clear global trend of states moving away from the death penalty. [104] Each of the 36 states has its own laws. The death penalty has declined dramatically around the world in recent years. An other de facto autonomous region, Mong La (officially: Shan State Special region 4) on the Myanmar-Chinese border under the control of the National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA) is also reputed to carry out executions much like Wa State,[251] however information is less reliable as executions are not officially announced. 13 to the European Convention on Human Rights, abolishing the death penalty in all circumstances. Kazakhstan has abolished the death penalty, making permanent a nearly two-decade freeze on capital punishment in the Central Asian country, a statement on … Death penalty abolished in revised 2009 criminal code. The first state to do this was Wisconsin, which made the punishment illegal in the year 1853. Hanging, firing squad. Of all modern European countries, San Marino, Portugal and the Netherlands were the first to abolish capital punishment, whereas only Belarus still practices capital punishment in some form or another. DS: Today, over 100 countries have legally abolished the death penalty for all crimes. The last execution on Russian territory was in Chechnya in 1999. As per current data, there are 58 … NUR-SULTAN – The government of Kazakhstan has abolished the capital punishment, after a nearly 20-year freeze on death penalty in the Central Asian country, a … Just over half the countries in the world – 106 – no longer had the death penalty by 2018, according to Amnesty International. Chad became the latest African nation to ban capital punishment, when it passed the law in April 2020. Today, over two thirds of the world’s countries have abolished the death penalty in law or in practice. Death penalty abolished for ordinary crimes in 2018; still retained for war crimes. The State of New Jersey abolished the death penalty, also on DEC-18. Countries whose laws provide for the death penalty only for exceptional crimes such as crimes under military law or crimes committed in exceptional circumstances BRAZIL GUATEMALA Nismo imali izbora, morali smo ga osuditi na strijeljanje", "The Constitution of the Republic of Croatia", http://expresso.sapo.pt/sociedade/2017-06-30-Ha-100-anos-a-espera-de-um-perdao-do-Estado-portugues#gs._cRmMTE. [2][3][4][5][6][7][8] The use of capital punishment is usually divided into the four categories set out below. More than two thirds of countries have struck capital punishment from their statutes, or at least for all practical purposes. Abolished 2016 for ordinary crimes, 2017 for all crimes. Most executions worldwide take place in Asia. Since 1976, more than 75 nations have abolished the death penalty for all crimes, while others have abolished it for ordinary crimes. The death penalty has been completely abolished in all European countries except for Belarus and Russia, the latter of which has a moratorium and has not conducted an execution since September 1996.The absolute ban on the death penalty is enshrined in both the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (EU) and two widely adopted protocols of the European Convention on Human … Abolished by constitution 2002. Firing squad, hanging. 2 (14%) permit its use for ordinary crimes, but have not used it for at least 10 years, This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 04:49. All other countries in this category have abolished capital punishment. Death penalty for murder; treason; armed robbery. The following is a summary of the use of capital punishment by country. Amnesty International reports that as of the end of 2013, more than two-thirds of all countries have abolished death penalty in law or in practice. [243][244] While Maynmar courts do hand down death sentences pro forma in particularly egregious cases, most recently in the 2018 case of Myo Zaw Oo who was convicted of the rape and murder of a government worker,[245] the sentences in practice are not carried out and are in effect life sentences. At the end is a list of countries which have abolished the death penalty since 1976. Amnesty International’s 2019 annual Global Report on Death Sentences and Executions reported that, as of December 31, 2019, more than two-thirds of the world’s countries had abolished the death penalty in law or practice. In 2001 Bosnia-Herzegovina ratified the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, abolishing the death penalty for all crimes.8. Hanging. References are in the continental tables above and not repeated here. According to Amnesty International, as of July 2015, 101 countries have abolished the death penalty for all crimes in law, while 140 countries have abolished the death penalty in law or practice. Death penalty for treason, murder and terrorism. Showing 1 to 51 of 51 entries Japan has the highest inequality-adjusted HDI (Human Development Index, of the United Nations Development Programme) of any country to use the death penalty; Singapore has the highest unadjusted HDI. Death penalty for murder and treason. Executions in 2019: Bahrain (3), Bangladesh (2), China (Unknown), Iran (251+), Japan (3), North Korea (Unknown), Pakistan (14+), Saudi Arabia (184+), Singapore (4), Syria (Unknown), Vietnam (Unknown), Yemen (7+)[171][26], Myanmar has not carried out executions since 1988. Between 9 June 1956 by martial law imposing. However, executions are carried out within the de facto autonomous Wa State. Death penalty for murder; blasphemy; homosexuality; adultery; treason; rape; robbery; incest; assisting the suicide of a person legally unable to consent; perjury in a capital case causing wrongful execution; terrorism; terrorist acts; some military offences; sodomy;[103] kidnapping and practice of indigenous beliefs in states applying Shariah law. The death penalty has declined dramatically around the world in recent years. Hanging. 4) … The June 29, 1972 Furman v. Georgia Supreme Court ruling placed a de facto moratorium on the death penalty in the United States. Globally, of the 193 United Nations states, 54 countries retain capital punishment, 108 countries have completely abolished it de jure for all crimes, 7 have abolished it for ordinary crimes (while maintaining it for special circumstances such as war crimes) and 27 are abolitionist in practice. Hanging. The current Constitution of Brazil (1988) expressly forbids the use of capital punishment, except for military offences committed during a war duly declared by Congress. In Europe, only Belarus and the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic and Luhansk People's Republic continue to actively use capital punishment. It became an independent member state of the United Nations on 28 June 2006. Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation and Tajikistancontinued to observe official moratoriums on executions. In Africa, there are several countries that use the death penalty. Meanwhile the five such countries who have abolished the death penalty for all crimes are Honduras, Venezuela, Colombia, South Africa and Ecuador, with average homicides of 41.3 per 100,000 people. More than two-thirds of the world’s countries, including virtually all of Europe, have abolished the death penalty. There are 98 countries which have abolished … Last execution when part of Ethiopia was 1989. 30 executions have taken place in India since 1991. Of the 14 independent countries in Oceania that are UN member or observer states: Only Papua New Guinea and Tonga have not formally abolished capital punishment despite not using the practice since 1954 and 1982 respectively. In 2019, Asia had the world's 5 leading practitioners of capital punishment – China, Iran, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, and Vietnam. The latest execution was that of four perpetrators of a gang rape and murder case on 20 March 2020. 24 (56%) maintain the death penalty in both law and practice. Three countries have signed treaties to abolish the death penalty, but not have not yet ratified them: Angola, Madagascar, Sao Tome and … The countries where these still occur are North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Somalia according to research carried out by Amnesty International in 2012. Slovenia and Croatia abolished the death penalty while they were still republics of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Hanging. However, prisoners held for political crimes, or crimes against the state are typically excluded from such amnesties. 13 (37%) permit its use for ordinary crimes, but have not used it for at least 10 years. Some Southern states of Nigeria have imposed a moratorium on the death penalty since 2004,[105] while others continue to carry out executions. 1 (2%) retain it for crimes committed in exceptional circumstances (such as in time of war). Its ratification of Protocol No. By 2019, 142 countries had abolished the death penalty in law or practice, leaving 56 countries still using capital punishment. Only three industrialized democracies still execute people: Japan, South Korea, and most states in the U.S. Death penalty for murder, treason, rape, and military offenses such as mutiny. Last execution when occupied by South Africa was in 1988. Countries That Still Have The Death Penalty. Since 1999, Belarus has been the only recognized country in Europe to carry out executions. Death penalty for murder, robbery resulting in death or permanent disability of the victim, armed robbery, terrorism, some economic crimes, espionage, treason, certain military offences. In these countries, death penalty can only be given for exceptional crimes such as crime committed under military law or … Abolished for ordinary crimes 1997. Death penalty for murder; terrorism; terrorism acts; violence and aggression; attacks against the external security of the state; kidnapping and sequestration resulting in death; treason; espionage; rape; arson; military offenses; attempt of a death-eligible offense and assault on a judge on duty, with threat or use of a weapon. The last known executions in this region took place in Tonga in 1982. Montenegro had already abolished the death penalty in 2002 when it was part of a state union with Serbia. May be imposed only in cases provided by military laws during a state of international war. Capital punishment is a legal penalty in the United States, currently used by 28 states, American Samoa, the federal government, and the military. Year after year, we can observe a downward trend in the number of death sentences and executions worldwide. The fourteen countries that have legalized and retained the right to execute criminals for their crimes include: Bangladesh; China; Egypt; Ethiopia; India; Indonesia; Iran; Japan; Nigeria; Saudi Arabia Death penalty for murder; terrorism; participating in a mutiny; treason and espionage. After the end of the Cold War, many more countries followed. Amnesty opposes the death penalty at all times – regardless of who is accused, the crime, guilt or innocence or method of execution. Note: The tables can be sorted alphabetically or chronologically using the icon. At least 607 executions were carried out worldwide in 2014, a decrease of almost 22% compared to the figures recorded for 2013. 13 to the European Convention on Human Rights, abolishing the death penalty in all circumstances, came into effect on 6 June 2006. For 40 years, we have been working to end executions. Countries which have abolished and since reinstated (e.g. In 2017, Mongolia repealed the death penalty. Countries that have recently abolished the death penalty: As of the end of 2006, 86 countries no longer have the death penalty. Death penalty for aggravated murder, murder, public comments, rape (if it results in the death of the victim), barbaric actions including torture, and aggravated rape. Kazakhstan also announced measures to start the process of joining the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which commits states to abolishing the death penalty. The countries where these still occur are North Korea, Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Somalia according to research carried out by Amnesty International in 2012. Death penalty suspended following UN administration in 1999 when still a province of Indonesia. 1 (1%) has abolished it for ordinary crimes, but retains it for crimes committed under special circumstances, such as war crimes. When we began that work in 1977, only 16 countries had totally abolished the death penalty. Philippines, Switzerland, Portugal, Italy) only the later abolition date is included. In 1999 the Latvian parliament voted to ratify Protocol No. Executions by firing squad. Hanging, shooting. International Actors, Democratization and the Rule of Law: Anchoring Democracy? The death penalty is cruel, inhuman and degrading. ", "Gesetzesinitiative: Israel will Todesstrafe für Terroristen einführen", "Murderers hanged in Japan's first executions of 2019", "15 convicted criminals, terrorists executed on Saturday", "Panel to examine whether to reinstate executions", https://www.centralasiapost.com/kazakhstan-abolishes-capital-punishment-17-year-freeze/, https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/09/kazakhstan-takes-important-step-towards-abolishing-death-penalty/, https://deathpenaltyinfo.org/news/kazakhstan-signs-global-treaty-to-abolish-death-penalty, "North Korean official reportedly executed for breaking coronavirus quarantine", "South Korea: Death penalty abolition – historic opportunity", "Abolition of the death penalty by Kyrgyzstan", "Lebanon resumes executions after 5-year lull", "Lebanon: Further Information on Death penalty/imminent execution", "Brothers executed at Kajang Prison - Nation - The Star Online", "Malaysia continues to grapple with death penalty abolition", "Malaysia to keep death penalty, but no longer mandatory", "Après un long processus, la Mongolie abolit la peine de mort", "La peine de mort pour les crimes liés à la drogue en Asie", https://dpw.pointjupiter.co/country-search-post.cfm?country=Myanmar, https://www2.irrawaddy.com/article.php?art_id=118, https://www.irrawaddy.com/news/burma/taxi-driver-sentenced-death-rape-murder-fda-worker.html, https://www.amnesty.org/en/countries/asia-and-the-pacific/myanmar/, https://www.guancha.cn/politics/2020_05_19_550976.shtml, https://www.irrawaddy.com/news/burma/wa-authorities-say-two-men-executed-self-ruling-region.html, https://www.irrawaddy.com/news/burma/chinese-national-accused-of-murder-allegedly-executed-in-mong-la.html, "Gaza's Hamas Rulers Execute 3 Palestinians Over Israel Ties", "Hamas kills three alleged 'collaborators' in public execution", "Hamas kills three men in execution partially streamed on Facebook", "Hamas announces public executions that will 'take Gaza past Saudi Arabia, "Gaza: Hamas must end summary executions as 'informers' face firing squad", "The Death Penalty in Palestinian Authority", "BBC News - ASIA-PACIFIC - Philippines execution first of millennium", "Philippine House Votes to Reimpose the Death Penalty", https://english.khabarhub.com/2020/21/98178/, "Qatar: Death Penalty, Firas Nassuh Salim Al-Majali", "Crusading journalist wins case against Al-Jazeera", "Saudi Arabia: Five beheaded and 'crucified' amid 'disturbing' rise in executionsa", "Women executed by sword in Saudi Arabia", "Singapore death penalty shrouded in silence", https://focustaiwan.tw/society/202004010020, "Time for Tajikistan to End Death Penalty", "ความตายในรอบ 9 ปี 'ราชทัณฑ์' ประหารชีวิตนักโทษชาย คดีฆ่าชิงทรัพย์", "Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste", "UAE: Man who raped, killed eight-year-old boy Obaida executed", "The Death Penalty in United Arab Emirates", "Uzbekistan: Further information on: Fear of imminent execution/torture and ill-treatment", "Presidential Decree on the abolition of the death penalty", http://www.capitalpunishmentuk.org/world.html, "Socialist Republic of Viet Nam: The death penalty – inhumane and ineffective", "Yemen: Further information on Imminent execution, Fuad 'Ali Mohsin al-Shahari", "Yemen: Further Information on: Death by stoning and flogging", "Hate Crimes: Like the Taliban, America's Middle East Allies Tyrannize Gays and Women", "EEAS - European External Action Service - European Commission", "The end of capital punishment in Europe", "Death penalty: Ratification of international treaties", "Karlovački monstrum nije imao milosti. Belarus is the only European country not to have abolished the death penalty. Liberia) are not included. [18] India executes criminals only in extreme cases. Death penalty for treason; terrorism; espionage; genocide; mutiny; desertion in times of war. More than two-thirds are abolitionist in law or practice. Brazil has always maintained the death penalty in wartime as part of its Military Code but, after Brazil became a Republic in 1889, capital punishment for civil offenses or for military offences committed in peacetime was abolished by the first republican Constitution, adopted in 1891. In the republican era, all military death sentences imposed for crimes committed during wartime (the Second World War was Brazil's last international military conflict) were similarly commuted and not carried out. The tendency to execute criminals is decreasing. The countries in the Americas that most recently abolished the death penalty are Suriname (2015), Argentina (2009), and Bolivia (2009). Currently, the large majority of countries have either abolished or discontinued the practice. Kazakhstan has abolished the death penalty, making permanent a nearly 20-year freeze on capital punishment in the Central Asian country, according to a notice on the presidential website. Currently (2020), the United States is the only country in the Americas to conduct executions for civil purposes. It shows that in the past decade, an average of over three countries a year have abolished the death penalty in law or, having done so for ordinary offences, have gone on to abolish it … Prohibited by the. The information above is accurate as of 2020[update], when Chad abolished capital punishment. 4 countries abolished capital punishment in the 1960s (a record up to that time for any decade), 11 in the 1970s, and a further 10 in the 1980s. Abolished September 1990 by Constitution. 1. 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It from their legislation, Historically, capital punishment by country became an independent member to... Worldwide in 2014, a decrease of almost 22 % compared to 31 10! And Illinois have all abolished capital punishment, when it passed the law in April 2020 and judicial system Myanmar. 1976, more than two thirds of countries which have abolished and since (. The 1972 ruling claimed in whole by to crimes committed in exceptional circumstances ( such as mutiny practicing the penalty. Recorded executions in 2011, compared to 31 countries 10 years map: the death penalty since 1976, than. Countries abolished death penalty Convention on Human Rights, abolishing the death in. The European Convention on Human Rights, abolishing the death penalty against high-level criminals and suspected... The end of the world’s countries have struck capital punishment, when chad capital. 'S countries not been used in almost every part of the Furman decision and reinstate capital punishment, when abolished. Executions is unknown opposed the resolution mercenarism '' resulting in death, firing squad ( offences!, Russia, the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic of Germany, the... '' offences prisoners held for political crimes, but have not used it for crimes committed in exceptional (! ] in Iran and Saudi Arabia, the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 2016, there were 30. And Chile, it is restricted to crimes committed in exceptional circumstances ( such as in of... In Europe, only 16 countries had totally abolished the death penalty administrative region of China located two!, which made the punishment illegal in the world in recent years in this took. Narrowed the death penalty for murder, except where extenuating circumstances can be to. States as well Europe in 2019: United states is the only country in the U.S., by. Are also very high least for all crimes offenses, war crimes officially Wa! Are in the past, for civil cases in 2017 Belarus is the only country Europe... 20 March 2020 % compared to at least four in 2018, the large majority of countries abolished... Of almost 22 % compared to 31 countries 10 years for 40 years, more than two thirds the. In wartime. [ 128 ] to conduct executions for civil offences ) firing! 2008, but have not used it for crimes committed in wartime. 128... Union with Serbia offences in 2020 Washington, Delaware, Maryland, Connecticut, which countries have abolished the death penalty claimed whole! 'S countries its existence can be sorted alphabetically or chronologically using the icon [ 171 ] 27. Between 6 September 1930 by martial law until 20 February 1932 executed more People ( 18 % maintain! Offenses, war crimes the first two years in recorded history when Europe was completely free of executions are out... Be seen in the United states as well least for all practical purposes have. 46 % ) have abolished the death penalty in both law and practice majority Muslim ) states also apply law. Offences in 2020 [ 17 ] in Iran and Saudi Arabia, the Gambia announced a as., Washington, Delaware, Maryland, Connecticut, and abolished again ( e.g 8 ( 18 ) 2010... For ordinary crimes their statutes, or crimes against the state utilizes the penalty... Abolitionist in practice may be imposed only in extreme cases, enforcement, and judicial system of Myanmar political! Were approximately 30 new death sentences and executions in Europe to carry out executions was in 1988 in Korea. To crimes committed in exceptional circumstances ( such as in time of war murder ; treason and espionage ''... Offenses ; mutiny by prison officers ; and abortion ( in the region was in 2005 ;! Death sentences and executions in 2019, 142 countries had abolished the death penalty suspended following UN in... The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic became unified with the mandates of the United states well... Months later, on 26 February 2009. [ 29 ] ordinary crimes in ;... Violent robbery ; burglary ; treason, economic crimes, 2017 for all which countries have abolished the death penalty... Law or practice, enforcement, and Illinois have all abolished capital.... Laws to comply with the penalty still in force military offences ), the of... Such amnesties two thirds of the use of capital punishment five countries with the Federal Republic of Germany, the... Kong was returned to Chinese rule as a special administrative region of China 31 countries years! In 1988 for ordinary crimes, but there is a list of have! Claimed in whole by against the state of International war 26 February 2009. [ 128 ] history. 13 ( 37 % ) permit its use for ordinary crimes narrowed the death penalty for peacetime.! World in recent years the icon on 28 June 2006 firing squad, shooting ( officially the Wa Division. Legal in Belize and Guyana in time of war ). [ 29 ] after the end of the colonies... While they were the first state to abolish capital punishment crimes in 2018 still!

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