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Although there have been numerous amendments to the Constitution, there is yet to be a provision prohibiting the death penalty as a punitive remedy. We have placed cookies on your device to help make this website better. Pakistan’s lower house of parliament has adopted a nonbinding resolution calling for public hangings of people convicted of the sexual abuse and murder of children -- a move that was condemned by the opposition and human rights activists. The state should not perpetuate the cycle of violence by putting people to death.”. Pakistan: Public hangings are acts of unconscionable cruelty. Pakistan has executed two convicted militants after lifting a moratorium on the death penalty in response to the murder of over 130 children at a Peshawar school by the Taliban. Blasphemy is deemed as a crime not only under the Code but also under Islamic law. The resolution passed by a majority, but was opposed by senior government ministers, including Shireen Mazari, the Human Rights Minister, and Fawad Chaudhry, the Minister for Science and Technology. The Amnesty International, in a report released on 15 May 1978 expressed that, "We are very concerned at the use of flogging in Pakistan and are disturbed that this unusual punishment is also being inflicted on political prisoners for committing acts which often appear to be no more than exercise of the right of freedom of speech and expression guaranteed in the constitution. However, as noted above every state has deferent views to what is a serious criminal offence for their nation. The Qur'an 6:151 states “…take not life, which God has made sacred, except by way of justice and law. The National Assembly yesterday passed a resolution calling for public hanging of those convicted of sexually assaulting and killing children in view of the increasing cases of such offences in the country. Child sexual abuse is notoriously underreported in Pakistan, something HRW attributes to social stigma and substandard law enforcement.   |   As an Islamic state, Pakistan follows Islamic laws. The Pakistan Peoples Party government, whose former chairperson Benazir Bhutto was a well known opponent of the death penalty, came to power in March 2008, and installed its President, Asif Ali Zardari on 9 September 2008. Annual report 2019: Eastern Europe and Central Asia. “The authorities must focus their energies on giving children in Pakistan the protection they desperately need through strong safeguarding policies and procedures before abuse happens, enforcing laws against sexual abuse, and holding the perpetrators of abuse against them to account through fair trials without recourse to the death penalty. [1][2], A moratorium on executions was imposed in 2008. They are acts of vengeance and there is no evidence that they serve as a uniquely effective deterrent. ", Many Muslims believe that capital punishment is a severe sentence that may be instructed by a court for crimes of sufficient severity. Sections 295B and C of the Pakistan Penal Code. Although Article 6 of the ICCPR does not expressly prohibit capital punishment, the Human Rights Committee said its drafting ‘strongly suggests the abolition is desirable’. As per Amnesty International figures, Pakistan carried out 360 executions in 2016. Nevertheless, the Constitution contains a vivid preamble which states that Pakistan ought to follow and operate by Islamic laws and teaching. The Global voice of the Legal Profession “The Death Penalty Under International Law: A Background Paper to the IBAHRI Resolution on the Abolition of the Death penalty”, at p 9. massacre of 132 students and 9 members of staff of the Army Public School and Degree College Peshawar, United Nations Declaration of Human Rights, United Nations Economic and Social Council, http://www.deathpenaltyworldwide.org/country-search-post.cfm?country=Pakistan, "Part 1 "Fundamental Rights and Principles of Policy", Articles 9, 10, 11 and 12. Please follow and like us: A week after two headline-grabbing reports of sexual violence in Pakistan, Prime Minister Imran Khan said rapists should be handed down the most severe punishments — either public hanging or chemical castration. If we are sincere about making all Pakistanis feel safe, widespread reform is the answer. [23] Executions immediately resumed, with dozens more following. According to the Human Rights Watch, in 2016 85 people were executed[29], Constitution of Pakistan 1973, Articles 200 to 205. USA: Close the Guantánamo Detention Center! On Friday, Pakistan’s parliament passed a non-binding resolution demanding the public hanging of those convicted of sexually abusing and murdering children amid increasing incidents of crime against them. 0:36. Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Pakistan. This fundamental document asserts individual rights and protection, such as the status of women, the right to fair trial, and the right to life. Women and men demanded to provide justice to all those innocents who became the victim of this plague imposed by mentally sick and frustrated monsters. Section 302 of the Code governs the punishment for murder, also known as Qatl-i-amd, which is then divided into three categories. This Code draws its origin from the Indian Penal Code, after several amendments from different governments in Pakistan, the Code is now a mixture of Islamic and English law. Keisha must have been hanging out in her pool! Murder is an example of a crime deemed as a major violation of most religious doctrines, and is punishable by death in many countries including Pakistan.[13][14]. Thus, does He command you, so that you may learn wisdom”[10][11][12] This scripture of the Qur'an, while it grants the right to life, also permits individuals' lives be taken only "by way of justice and law. Brutal images depict public executions and punishments worldwide Mon, March 20, 2017 GRAPHIC CONTENT: Photographic report on the most horrific public … Nor will it make Pakistani children safer." Whereas, punishment under subsection C is for any written or spoken words direct or indirect made to defile the ‘sacred name of Prophet Muhammad’ will be punished by death or life imprisonment. In a television interview, Khan said the motorway rape case had shaken the nation and that he was worried about sex crimes rising at an alarming rate in Pakistan. Cookie Statement The reason why people were in favor of public hangings in Pakistan is that, when allegedly Zia Ul Haq ordered to hang a rapist at Minar e Pakistan, rape incidents were paused for 15 years. [27], In a recent article, “Pakistan: Government Undermine The People’s Right to Life” the Asian Legal Resource Center at (ALRC) addressed its concerns to the UN Human Right Council about the Pakistani Government's clear violation of Article 6 of the ICCPR. About Submit. [28] Furthermore, the ALRC states that Article 9 of Pakistan Constitution states that “No Person shall be deprived of life or liberty save in accordance with law,” yet the country's civilian and military courts are sentencing people without following due process. P [21], The Constitution of Pakistan empowers the President to pardon or remit convictions. 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