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[16] Homozygous merles can be deaf or blind, or express iris colobomas, retinal detachment, cataracts, persistent pupillary membrane, a displacement of the lens, equatorial staphyloma, night blindness and microphthalmia. The Australian Shepherd is descended from a line of Europe’s finest herders. Aussies, further refined and perfected in America, have been an iconic part of cowboy culture ever since. Pads are thick and resilient. More recently, an Australian Shepherd starred in the film Famous Five (2012) and its sequels. Expecting an Australian Shepherd to spend his days in the backyard and his evenings keeping you company while you watch your favorite TV shows is a sure way to create a barking, bored, destructive dog instead of the calm, well-behaved, loyal companion you … Breeders have historically docked the tails when the puppies are born. 54 67 11. 104 89 42. This is a very natural movement for an Australian Shepherd, and … [14] Double merles often have excessive light or white areas and can have hearing and vision problems as a result of having two copies of the merle gene. 75 67 38. [citation needed] It is believed by some that the breed has Basque origins in Spain and was used there by shepherds. 90 44 48. The breed also has great stamina and can live in a variety of terrain. There is no surgery or treatment that can reduce the damage. Solid Merle dogs are equally desirable as ones with copper or white. Ranchers in Boulder, Colorado, began breeding the dogs which would attract purchasers from as far west as California for their legendary sheep-herding abilities. Their stunts and skills earned them places in several Disney films, including Run Appaloosa Run and Stub: The Greatest Cowdog in the West. [12][40] An Australian shepherd was featured in the film Flight of the Navigator (1986) and the TV series Flash Forward (1996). But unless they’ve gotten into a particularly messy situation, they require a bath only occasionally. This breed is a medium-sized, short-coated dog that occurs in two main colour forms.It has either brown or black hair distributed fairly evenly through a white coat, which gives the appearance of a "red" or "blue" dog. Non-typical coats are severe faults. He has a beautiful smooth coat with an extremely friendly temperament. Red (liver) with or without copper points or white markings on the face, collar, legs, chest, underbelly - either white or copper points are required. Also, the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) has an extensive database to track results and provide statistics for these concerns: hips, elbows, heart, patellar luxation (knees), and thyroid (autoimmune) disease. The name "lethal white" is a misnomer, as this genetic condition is not lethal to the dogs; it is often the breeder who is lethal to the pups by culling them immediately after birth. The Australian Shepherd Club of America (ASCA) standard calls for the Australian shepherd to stand between 18 and 23 inches (46 and 58 cm) at the withers, females being 18 to 22 inches (46 to 56 cm) and males measuring 19 to 23 inches (48 to 58 cm); however, quality is not to be sacrificed in favor of size.[2]. In all ways, they’re the picture of rugged and agile movers of stock. The merle phenotype in Australian Shepherds is very similar to the coat color in Mitf mouse mutants.[15]. They thrive on running, herding, playing, and all family activities. During this period an undercoat rake can be used every two or three days to remove the abundant dead hair, followed by a cleanup with the wire brush. Australian shepherds require an occasional bath and regular brushing to keep their fur in good condition. [31], Double merle or homozygous merle occurs when the offspring of two merled parents inherit two copies of the dominant merle gene. The Australian Shepherd has a reputation as a highly intelligent and versatile stock dog with a range of working styles. The decision about affiliation with the AKC remains controversial, as it does with many performance breeds. Rear dewclaws must be removed. [29] A test is available to determine if a particular dog carries the mutated gene. The dog has a stride in which its front and back legs cross over, making for an appearance of "on the edge" speed. The upper arm, which should be relatively the same length as the shoulder blade, attaches at an approximate right angle to the shoulder line with forelegs dropping straight, perpendicular to the ground. Some droving/butcher's dogs breeds are also less driven, even though they are active, e.g. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). In general, however, black Aussies (self, bi-color, or tri-color) tend to have brown eyes, while red (self, bi-color, or tri-color) Aussies tend to have amber eyes, though these Aussies may also carry the blue-eyed gene. Aussies exhibit an irresistible impulse to herd, anything: birds, dogs, kids. They often excel at dog sports such as dog agility and frisbee and are also highly successful as search and rescue dogs, disaster dogs, detection dogs, guide dogs, service dogs, and therapy dogs. Essential info about dog health, training, sports and more. The preceding forebears of the foundation dogs likely had several sources, but were primarily UK rural landrace herding collies of various types and/or regions. In short, this isn’t the pet for everyone. Teaching them tricks keeps them focused and happy, which also keeps their minds working. Their herding dog of choice was called the Pyrenean Shepherd, progenitor of our modern Aussie. Notably livestock guardian dogs may fall in this category, but also some dogs with droving inheritence. Fortunately, that loyalty combined with the breed’s keen intelligence and high energy makes them very easy to train. Topline – Back is straight and strong, level and firm from withers to hip joints. An early nickname for the breed was "ghost-eye dog". In the United States and Canada, the standard calls for a natural bob or docked tail not to exceed four inches as a defining characteristic. This trait is found in many breeds, but most commonly found in Australian Shepherds. In 1975, ASCA created a breed standard, describing exactly how an Australian shepherd should look and be constructed (its conformation to the Standard). Feet are oval, compact with close knit, well arched toes. [17] With children, they work best with children over the age of eight: this is absolutely not because they do not like children or have a short temper with kids (most are quite friendly to children). [37] The American Kennel Club (AKC) ranked the Australian Shepherd as the 17th-most popular breed in the United States in 2016. [19], Australian Shepherds are generally a pretty healthy breed, but they can have several health problems. We take our responsibilities very seriously and strive to ensure the health,safety and well-being of all our pets. Australian Shepherd. This new breed gained acceptance into the AKC Miscellaneous class in June 2012 with the sizes written in the standard as females from 13–17 inches and males from 14–18 inches. While they continue to work as stock dogs and compete in herding trials, they have earned recognition in other roles due to their trainability and eagerness to please and are highly regarded for their skills in obedience. They are similar in appearance to the English Shepherd and Border Collie breeds, and research has found that Australian Shepherds and Border Collies are closely related to each other. Bone is strong, oval rather than round. [28] Dogs with the mutation can suffer toxicity from antiparasitics such as ivermectin in high doses, and other drugs. Dog Puppy. Some Australian Shepherds (as well as Collies, German Shepherds, and many other herding dogs) are susceptible to a genetic mutation of the MDR1 gene. Red merle (a mottled patchwork of cream and red/liver) with or without copper points or white markings on the face, collar, legs, chest, underbelly - neither white nor copper points are required. These dogs usually have a mostly white coat and blue irises and are often deaf, blind, or both. Collie eye anomaly (CEA) is rare in the breed, but it and cataracts are a concern[27] in Aussies. [12], Development of the breed began in the American West. The Australian Shepherd, the cowboy’s herding dog of choice, is a medium-sized worker with a keen, penetrating gaze in the eye. Australian Shepherds need roughly 30 to 60 minutes of exercise a day, preferably with high-energy activities like playing Frisbee. Australian Shepherd Association", "Vanished Trials and Faded Memories of Australian Shepherd History", "The Australian Shepherd is from: A) Australia, B) England, C) Spain, D) None of the Above", "Basic Body Colors of the Australian Shepherd", "White-linked Deafness in Australian Shepherds", "Coat Colour in Dogs: Identification of the Merle Locus in the Australian Shepherd Breed", "Is the Australian Shepherd Right for you? It is not inclined toward obsessive barking. They are at their best when they are given a great deal of social interaction and a task to do. As a parent club to the breed, USASA represents Australian Shepherd breeders and owners across the United States and around the world. Recognized Aussie colors are solid black, solid red (liver), blue merle, and red/liver merle;[9] each of these colors may also have copper (tan) points or white markings in various combinations on the face, chest, and legs. The Australian Shepherd most likely originated in the Basque country between Spain and France. This problem can exist with or without clinical signs, meaning some dogs feel pain in one or both rear legs. Feet are oval, compact with close knit, well arched toes. The Australian Shepherd, the cowboy’s herding dog of choice, is a medium-sized worker with a keen, penetrating gaze in the eye. In June 2017, U.S. Vice President Mike Pence and his family adopted a Blue Merle Australian Shepherd named Harley. At J&A AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD'S, we have been building our reputation as a trusted Dog Breeder in Statesboro,Georgia. Many diagnostic tests are available for concerned Aussie owners to check the overall health of a dog. The actual foundation for the Australian Shepherd was established between the 1940s and the early 1970s, when the Australian Shepherd Club of America was formed and the registry was started.[39]. The breed is typically highly energetic, requiring a great deal of exercise and attention. They need space to run and play in an urban setting. The white color of double merles is produced due to the lack of melanocytes which provide high potassium levels in the endolymph surrounding the cochlea's hair cells. In the United States, the American Kennel Club (AKC) is the primary registry for purebred dogs, and first recognized the Australian Shepherd in 1993 as a member of the Herding group. Loss of hearing is directly linked to the amount of pigmentation cells a dog has. 5. aussietraders.com.au . The breed's foundation bloodlines are depicted in the Australian Shepherd Genealogy Chart showing the relationship between the early families of dogs. Neck, Topline, Body: shoulders. The hocks are short, perpendicular to the ground and parallel to each other when viewed from the rear. Australian Shepherds or Aussies are lean, medium, bobtailed dogs and a cowboy favorite for guarding and herding at ranches, rodeos, and horse shows. Aussie coats offer different looks, including merle (a mottled pattern with contrasting shades of blue or red). The Australian Shepherd's history is vague, as is the reason for its misleading name. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. [17] The breed was developed to serve on the ranch,[18] a job which includes being protective of its property. Australian shepherds are energetic dogs that require daily exercise and regular grooming. Australian shepherds are known to be high energy dogs. Early socialization and obedience training are both musts for the Australian Shepherd. Australian shepherds are medium-sized dogs with a solid build and low center of gravity. [4] This, and the current physical appearance of the Australian Shepherd, tend to support the oral histories, at least in regard that there is some inheritence from landrace farmcollie types of the European mainland. The width of the hindquarters is equal to the width of the forequarters at the shoulders. Aussies have been used as aides to the physically handicapped and as police, narcotics, and search and rescue dogs. [9] However, many Aussie breeders felt the AKC put too much emphasis on breed conformity and not enough on performance, so the ASCA declined to join the AKC. Merled eyes occur, as well, where one color is mixed in and swirled with another. ASCA and AKC consider both variants to be separate breeds. Some breeders euthanize mostly white pups, while others may attempt to sell them as "rare" white Aussies without disclosing the potential for health defects. [21] The ability for the breed to adapt to the situation and to think for itself makes it an excellent all-around worker. Actually not from Australia, as one might rationally conclude, these pups grew in popularity as herding dogs because of their high energy levels and impressive intellect. In this case, the deafness and blindness are linked to having two copies of the merle gene, which disrupts pigmentation and produces these health defects. He has a docked or natural bobbed tail. [8] They became known to the general public through rodeos, horse shows, and Disney movies made for television. It was here, in the borderlands between France and Spain, where the indigenous people known as the Basques built their centuries-old reputation as world-class shepherds. He is attentive and animated, lithe and agile, solid and muscular without cloddiness. In actuality, the breed was specially created to be a herding and working dog in the Old West. Australian Shepherds 2021 Calendar. 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