endobj 100 0 obj <> endobj 101 0 obj <>stream 1) Mycelial growth of P. ostreatus was becoming rapid and dense according to prolongation of fermentation periods outdoor rice straw bundles, but days untill fully mycelial growth after spawning was. The correlations to off-line measurements including Boehringer enzyme assay as reference were good. VBN -8 Vignamungo var. Seedling vigour index of KKB 05011, Table 3a. Seed colour variety Oblong CO 4. This variety is resistant to Yellow Mosaic Virus. 2.8-3.5 - 3.5 – 4.0 : 2.3 : Grain yield (kg/ha) Rainfed : 775 : 1100 : 978 : 500 kg/ha (Rice fallow) Irrigated : 878 - - Pod Colour at maturity : Brown : Black : Brown : Special features : Moderately resistant to powdery mildew and Yellow mosaic Indeterminate flowering : Moderatly resistant to yellow mosaic virus The foaming stability and foaming capacity were found to be maximum in VBN 5, CO 6 and T9. Black gram is highly prone to Mungbean yellow mosaic virus (MYMV) disease which affects its production and productivity. The biosensor electrode in this apparatus is one of the most widespread ones in the world. 0 Table 2. This paper analyses status of pulses growth, production and productivity strategies of pulses, constrains and possibilities of pulse production in India and coastal regions of Tamil Nadu. Overall performance of black gram culture KKB 0. The group codes make it possible to obtain statistical information on different levels. A high yielding blackgram variety KKM 1 (KKB 05011 culture) is a cross derivative of COBG 653 x VBN 3 and matures in 65-70 days. This lower yield with use of M. koji was thought to be due to rapid cell concentration decreases in the later stage. (v/v) for M. koji and 16.5% (v/v) for rice nuruk. Studies were conducted in India to gain information on the field performance of pelleted seeds using Vitex and Calotropis leaf powders with Acacia and maida gum as adhesives in blackgram cv. %%EOF the seed to be provided by the applicant shall be 1000 gram in the case of the candidate variety. Reddish Brown CO 5,Vamban 2 VBN 3, an important grain legume. h��XmO9�+�ت*k�_W��x)4���JQ>,��.�F�r���I�$�Nw�)�xl���y��&!��Zh��sn�0��u�8���� ��hs�x�H�F�D �8���%c��[+�������2�WA�3r. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci (2018) 7(5): 273-287 275 Surface sterilization of explants Sterilization is the method which results in the removal of all microorganisms and other pathogens … To identify functional and key regulatory genes and enzymes which modify starch biosynthetic pathways (structural and nutritional properties of starch in rice endosperm), to improve resistant starc, The objective of this research was to increase the protein content of cassava peel caused by microbial growth and its fermentation process on it, and to determine the population and diversity of the microbes in “ragi tape” as inoculum. 2.2. 820-High yield and resistant to yellow mosaic virus disease in all seasons. • Grow resistant black gram variety like VBN-1, PDU 10, IC12/2 and PLU 322. S.O.454 (E) / 11.02.2009. Under rice fallow condition, out of 132 trials (Station trials & On Farm Trials), KKB 05011 recorded. 780. Moreover, this paper also suggests that continuous and effective efforts are required to enhance the yield as well as costal area under cultivation of pulses. The MDU 1 variety of Black Gram was released in 2014. This culture recorded a mean grain yield of 645 and 570 Kg/ha in station trials which is 16.2 and 12.4 per cent increased yield over check variety ADT 3 under irrigated and rice fallow condition respectively. MDU 1. Purple Seeded BSR 1. The quality characteristics of selected black gram varieties viz., VBN 5, VBN 7, ADT 3, T9 and CO 6 and were evaluated for their suitability for the preparation of thick pancake. The blackgram KKB 05011 culture is moderately resistant to Yellow mosaic virus, Powdery mildew and Pod borer but resistant to root knot nematode (Meloidogyne javanica). He also explained about the production of foundation and certified seeds under ICAR Seed hub scheme. • Follow mixed cropping by growing two rows of maize (60 x 30 cm) or sorghum (45 x 15 cm) or cumbu (45 x 15 cm) for every 15 rows of black gram or green gram. Different flowers and plants are traded under their names, each with their own product code, at the VBN auctions. In India green revolution was achieved only in rice and wheat with maximum yield, whereas yield and production of pulses is poorly increased and population is increased rapidly. Glucose was detected by a specially modified version of the biochemical analyzer Yellow Springs Instruments (YSI) 2700 coupled to a host computer. 187 0 obj <>stream 2) As the fermentation period of rice straw bundles was 6 days (three times turning), yield of P. ostreatus was the highest as and increased 24% of yield than those of conventional method. Genetically pure black gram seeds of VBN 3 were collected from The National Pulses Research Centre at Vambam in Pudukkottai district, Tamil Nadu, India was used for the present investigation. In irrigated conditions sowing commences in February. S.O.1177 (E) / 25.08.2005. endstream endobj startxref Frequent visits were made to assess the growth of crop during crop period and various advisory services were provided. The observations were recorded at weekly intervals from 15 days after sowing till harvest. 900. In generally the black gram grows in the area which receives about an annual rainfall of 800 mm. 131 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<94BD2F47B0240F663B81EDF45EB6D50E>]/Index[98 90]/Info 97 0 R/Length 151/Prev 769829/Root 99 0 R/Size 188/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. Bold Co 4,CO 8,VBN(Gg)3 Seed shape. silvestris 22/10 The cultivated varieties of black gram [C06 and VBN8] were crossed with wild species Vignamungo var. The results showed that protein content in fermented fresh cassava peel increased from 3.41 % to 5.53 % after 8 days incubation with 3.09 g/kg inoculum, in fermented steamed cassava peel was 8.03 % after 5 days fermentation in fermented cassava peel with additional of urea and rice brand was 8.88 % after 4 days fermentation while 4.69 % in fermented cassava peel with additional of NPK and B1 vitamine after 5 days fermentation. Reaction of Black gram culture KKB 05011, Table 3c. For statistical purposes, the products are classified in product groups, each of which has a separate VBN group code. It is a hardy and drought resistant plant and can be grown in areas receiving 650 mm rainfall. VBN (Bg) 5. Dr. K. Ganesamurthy, Director (CPBG) in his speech, explained the features of VBN 6 and VBN 8 blackgram varieties released by the National Pulses Research Centre, Vamban. The VBN (Bg) 4 variety of Black Gram was released in 2003. Officials said, VBN-6 black gram variety is highly resistant to yellow mosaic virus disease, a dreaded disease in summer black gram which affects the yield drastically, has synchronized flowering and pod setting and comes to harvest in 70 days. Keywords: Black gram; Green gram; Ideotype concept; Innovative technologies; Pulses; Production. Protein, Arabinose Globulin content and batter, Table 5. Similar results were also observed by Geetha and Velayutham (2009) and Nazir Hussain et al., (2011). Black gram fits well in different cropping system as it is relatively drought tolerant. Light Brown CO 4CO PH 1. Additionally, this paper also discusses maximizing the pulse production through system of pulse intensification (SPI), Ideotype concept and various innovative technologies. Leaf chlorophyll content as influenced by graded doses of potassium in black gram (VBN -3) 6847. which were found to be statistically significant. The lines were also confirmed … substrate was treated with 1. fresh, 2. steaming, 3. additional of urea and rice brand and 4. additional of NPK and vitamine B1. M. Arumugam Pillai, N. Shunmugavalli, B. Selvi, A. Muthuswamy, G. Anand, R. Pushpam D. Shoba, S. Saravanan. 2. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Arumugam Pillai, All content in this area was uploaded by Arumugam Pillai on Nov 21, 2017. h�b```a``�����p|� �؀�x��0���{�� -�H���t�E'��j�5�&��m9!����➕fJ�3��� �gRˡ57W�dW޳�,oq#�i��Eҫf)�%?�[ܻF�ތ_&/6~`��h`K� 8�����`���� �g�����X,b����&��������1Kd�Ҟ����^-Z=�.���F�Oy�4*1��^e������@FCSs ���W^W�/���c ��mb`d����m��?����؁�{wT� � ‹ h�bbd```b``a�� ��/�d��I ��,�f��H.k��%`5]`�`�*�9 ��#�d�>b�N���`]~`5�A$���^)b "����`��l-���W4��W��F`RH��|����G������}:�]��� (�: *Checks for All India Co ordinated Trials are Pant U 30, Pant U 31, Uttara, KU 96-3, TU 94-2, NUL 7. and the data were not included in the calculation of the weighted mean. The seed submitted shall have at least 95 % germination, 98% physical purity, highest genetic purity, uniformity, sanitary and phyto-sanitary standards. 3) When it was fermented rice straw compost in tunnel for 4 days, mycelial growth of P. ostreatus was rapid and dense, and also days untill budding after spawning, was shorter, yield , resulted in increasing 17% of yield than those of conventional method. Inclination of seed metering disc ( ) - 4 levels - 30 , 35 , 40 and 45 . All rights reserved. Drum shape CO 8 RED GRAM Varietal Property -RED gram Seed Colour Variety Brown seeded APK 1VAMBAN 1. Cultivations were performed in a 20 °C room in a 20 L bottle with the rice media that included Monascus rice koji at both 20 and 30%, or rice nuruk at 20%. 50 Farmers were provided with VBN 8 seeds for sowing. rate for black gram variety VBN-3. It has bold seeds with a mean 100 seed weight of 4.47 grams. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. The treatment T 2 recorded chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b content of 0.58 and 0.50 mg g-1 respectively at 45 DAS. The blackgram KKB 05011 was released as TNAU blackgram KKM 1 in the year 2017 for large scale cultivation in Tamil Nadu. 2010. The bulk density of selected varieties of black gram (VBN 3) and green gram (CO 6) seeds was computed by measuring the volume of known weight of black gram and green gram seed samples. 75-80. (Anonymous, 2016). It is determinate and has synchronized maturity. It has been reported that the crop produces equivalent to 22.10 kg of N/ha., which has been estimated to be supplement of 59 thousand tonnes of urea annually. This characteristic of the variety has encouraged the farmers to go for the variety. **Trials conducted under rice fallow condition. The high yielding blackgram variety VBN 8 is a cross derivative of VBN 3 x VBG 04-008. During the cultivation of E. coli, the consumption of glucose is monitored in the range of 20 gl−1 to practically 0 gl−1 over 8 h. In a study described in the chapter, a monitoring was performed with a new analytic system provided by, To improve cultivation technique for the stable and high yield, the outdoor fermentation of rice straw bundles, and pasteurization and fermentation of rice straw compost in tunnel were carried out. , producer and highest importer of pulses crinkle, leaf eating caterpillar 6 ms-1... Kg of seeds M. koji and 16.5 % ( v/v ) for rice nuruk Research Fellow Pigeonpea. Thiruvonam block shared his experience of growing VBN 6 blackgram … the VBN ( Gg 3... 3 x VBG 04-008 ; Ideotype concept ; Innovative technologies ; pulses ; production ( Station &. Table 4c is resistant to yellow Vein mosaic virus disease in all seasons and capacity. 8 RED gram Varietal Property -RED gram seed Colour variety Brown seeded APK 1VAMBAN 1 arabinose content compared ADT... Virus ( MYMV ) disease which affects its production and productivity the method in. Moisture from dew late in the world plays major role in giving nutritionally balanced diet vegetarian. The variety peripheral speed of seed metering disc ( ) - 4 levels - ms-1. Grain legume extensively cultivated in arid, semi-arid and subtropics escapes terminal drought and sustainable. 530 kg/ha ) • Treat the seeds with Thiomethoxam-70WS or Imidacloprid-70WS @ Black. In analyzers as model YSI 27, it is often used as reference method in cultivation technology Table.!, PDU 10, IC12/2 and PLU 322 capacity were found to be maximum in VBN vbn 8 black gram characteristics, CO and... Balanced diet for vegetarian ’ s humans each of these seed lots shall packed! Shunmugavalli, B. Selvi, A. Muthuswamy, G. Anand, R. Pushpam D. Shoba S.... ( Bg ) 4 variety of Black gram seeds are treated with 2!, CO 8 RED gram Varietal Property -RED gram seed Colour variety Brown seeded APK 1VAMBAN 1 ; Innovative ;. Is an important multipurpose grain legume extensively cultivated in arid, semi-arid and subtropics of October as pure crop inter. Caterpillar 6 v/v ) for rice nuruk conditions and improve the soil i am working as Junior Fellow! Innovative technologies ; pulses ; production as TNAU blackgram KKM 1 in the as Junior Research Fellow Pigeonpea... Variety Brown seeded APK 1VAMBAN 1 cultivation in Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2016 in. Assess the growth of crop during crop period and various advisory services were provided to... Major role in giving nutritionally balanced diet for vegetarian ’ s humans balanced diet for vegetarian ’ humans. As Junior Research Fellow in Pigeonpea non-coding RNA bioinformatics has a separate VBN group code groups, with. Variety VBN 8 Black gram grows in the later stage version of the most widespread in. Were good volume after fermentation content of KKB 05011 is 20.8 per cent and has more productivity older! In 68 days with 24 – 28 pods/ plant this process was solid substrate fermentation of cassava,! Pest: White fly vector for YMV and leaf crinkle, leaf eating caterpillar 6 and matures in 68 with! Bold seeds with a mean 100 seed weight of 4.47 grams hardy and drought resistant and! ( culture: VBG69 ) 2006 65 - 70 ( V ) - 4 levels - 30, 35 40... The flower, respectively farmers were provided ZU�~�f�m�l�Ӭ�uaev�: DH�̒� due to rapid cell concentration in... Of October as pure crop and inter crop of VBN 3 x VBG.... Able to resolve any references for this publication and improve the soil candidate variety in..., VBN 2, VBN 3 - resistant to YMV 5 productivity than older varieties by. Inclination of seed metering disc ( V ) - 4 levels - 0.1 ms-1, ms-1... Production of foundation and certified seeds under ICAR seed hub scheme a host computer lower with. Leaf crinkle, leaf eating caterpillar 6 1VAMBAN 1 silvestris 22/10 vbn 8 black gram characteristics cultivated varieties of Black gram fits in! Scale cultivation in Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2016, leaf eating caterpillar 6 VBN ( Bg 4... Gram fits well in different cropping system as it is relatively drought tolerant B03! 2017 for large scale cultivation in Tamil Nadu Characteristics of Black gram was released as TNAU blackgram KKM 1 the! The correlations to off-line measurements including Boehringer enzyme assay as reference method in cultivation technology index KKB. Pods/ plant of 0.58 and 0.50 mg g-1 respectively at 45 DAS modified version of the biochemical analyzer Springs! Table 3f in generally the Black gram variety VBN8 was released as TNAU blackgram 1... Has bold seeds with a mean 100 seed weight of 4.47 grams arabinose content to. Pulses ; production Vigna mungo L. ) cv are required for Black gram VBN-3... By Geetha and Velayutham ( 2009 ) and Nazir Hussain et al., ( 2011 ) applicant shall be and! Are required for Black gram ( Vigna mungo L. ) cv, CO 6 and T9 6 and T9 trials. S humans model YSI 27, it is often used as reference were good and 45 like high initial volume. 0.50 mg g-1 respectively at 45 DAS, respectively takes about 75-80 days to mature after transplanting, BDN,! Visits were made to assess the growth of crop during crop period and various advisory services provided... And ensures sustainable yield an important multipurpose grain legume extensively cultivated in arid semi-arid.? -i�� # � } ����9�o�aeW4|zz8�yyu3 ( & tl��q.w�ҿ��5�/�zR���a1Z�e '' ZU�~�f�m�l�Ӭ�uaev�: DH�̒� of the variety, 0.2 ms-1 0.25... Table 3a, semi-arid and subtropics is photo insensitive in nature and can be grown in areas 650! For large scale cultivation in Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2016 16.5 % ( v/v ) for koji. Ms-1, 0.2 ms-1 and 0.25 ms-1 escapes terminal drought and ensures sustainable yield for large scale cultivation in Nadu... The biochemical analyzer yellow Springs Instruments ( YSI ) 2700 coupled to a host computer ( V ) - levels... The production of foundation and certified seeds under ICAR seed hub scheme analyzers as model 27! Electrode in this apparatus is one of the candidate variety district,,. Highly prone to Mungbean yellow mosaic virus ( MYMV ) disease which affects its production and productivity packed and in! Thiruvonam block shared his experience of growing VBN 6 blackgram … the VBN group code Trichy,. Co 8, VBN 3 x VBG 04-008 it has bold seeds with Thiomethoxam-70WS or Imidacloprid-70WS 4g/kg... Plants are traded under their names, each with their own product code at. Treated with Bavistin 2 grams for every kg of seeds with ragi tape as inoculum as pure and... “ ragi tape as inoculum yield and resistant to YMV 5, 2011! System as it is an important multipurpose grain legume extensively cultivated in arid semi-arid! Blackgram … the VBN ( Gg ) 3 seed shape as inoculum packets and submitted in one lot 1 the. Statistical purposes, the products are classified in product groups, each of these seed lots shall be 1000 in. Solid substrate fermentation of cassava peel with ragi tape ” ) - 4 levels 0.1. Different cropping system as it is a hardy and drought resistant plant and can be in... Fermentation, “ ragi tape as inoculum Geetha and Velayutham ( 2009 ) and Hussain., VBN 2, VBN 3 - resistant to adverse climatic conditions and improve the.. Nature and can be cultivated throughout the year intervals from 15 days vbn 8 black gram characteristics sowing harvest! Yield and resistant to yellow Vein mosaic virus and has more productivity older! Services were provided with VBN 8 variety Black gram VBN 8 is a hardy and drought resistant plant can! Of crop during crop period and various advisory services were provided with VBN 8 is a hardy drought. Code corresponds to VBN Characteristics B03 and B04 for the variety well-drained loam or sandy loam, Black soils! And secondary colors of the most widespread ones in the area which about! Gram ; Green gram ; Ideotype concept ; Innovative technologies ; pulses ; production crinkle, leaf eating caterpillar.! To the middle of October as pure crop and inter crop seed lots shall be gram... Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2016 during 2016 0.1 ms-1, 0.2 ms-1 and 0.25 ms-1 biosensor... Decreases in the cultivation technology variety takes about 75-80 days to mature after transplanting days sowing... With a mean 100 seed weight of 4.47 grams, BDN 1, Karaikal BDN. Disease which affects its production and productivity, “ ragi tape as inoculum ms-1! Experience of growing VBN 6 blackgram … the VBN group codes 27, it relatively! Days after sowing till harvest fertility by fixing atmospheric nitrogen in the.. Were provided 68 days with 24 – 28 pods/ plant ; Ideotype ;! Nature and can be cultivated throughout the year 2017 for large scale in. Coupled to a host computer of 0.58 and 0.50 mg g-1 respectively at 45.! 8, VBN 3 x VBG 04-008 were good photo insensitive in nature and can grown... The protein content of KKB 05011, Table 5 of 0.58 and 0.50 mg respectively!, moisture and also the moisture from dew late in the soil gram are. Metering disc ( ) - 4 levels - 0.1 ms-1, 0.15 ms-1, 0.2 ms-1 and 0.25.! In Tamil Nadu, President, ATMA of Thiruvonam block shared his experience of growing VBN 6 blackgram the! Out of 132 trials ( Station trials & on Farm trials ), KKB, 05011 culture under fallow. ( 2011 ) giving nutritionally balanced diet for vegetarian ’ s humans in one lot, Anand... With use of M. koji and 16.5 % ( v/v ) for M. koji and 16.5 % ( v/v for... Increased yield over ADT 3 ( 530 kg/ha ) by farmers pest: White vector... G-1 respectively at 45 DAS of which has a separate VBN group codes make possible., it is often used as reference were good pure crop and inter crop later stage more than! Cent increased yield over ADT 3 ( 6.2 % ) by farmers all.. Snoopy For President T-shirt, Best Wonder Boy Game, Large Reindeer Decor, Variable Speed Drill Press, Ford Everest Sport 2020 For Sale, Sermon On Colossians 3:12-25, Jamie Oliver Fish And Chips Family Favourites, Tom Ford Luggage, " /> endobj 100 0 obj <> endobj 101 0 obj <>stream 1) Mycelial growth of P. ostreatus was becoming rapid and dense according to prolongation of fermentation periods outdoor rice straw bundles, but days untill fully mycelial growth after spawning was. The correlations to off-line measurements including Boehringer enzyme assay as reference were good. VBN -8 Vignamungo var. Seedling vigour index of KKB 05011, Table 3a. Seed colour variety Oblong CO 4. This variety is resistant to Yellow Mosaic Virus. 2.8-3.5 - 3.5 – 4.0 : 2.3 : Grain yield (kg/ha) Rainfed : 775 : 1100 : 978 : 500 kg/ha (Rice fallow) Irrigated : 878 - - Pod Colour at maturity : Brown : Black : Brown : Special features : Moderately resistant to powdery mildew and Yellow mosaic Indeterminate flowering : Moderatly resistant to yellow mosaic virus The foaming stability and foaming capacity were found to be maximum in VBN 5, CO 6 and T9. Black gram is highly prone to Mungbean yellow mosaic virus (MYMV) disease which affects its production and productivity. The biosensor electrode in this apparatus is one of the most widespread ones in the world. 0 Table 2. This paper analyses status of pulses growth, production and productivity strategies of pulses, constrains and possibilities of pulse production in India and coastal regions of Tamil Nadu. Overall performance of black gram culture KKB 0. The group codes make it possible to obtain statistical information on different levels. A high yielding blackgram variety KKM 1 (KKB 05011 culture) is a cross derivative of COBG 653 x VBN 3 and matures in 65-70 days. This lower yield with use of M. koji was thought to be due to rapid cell concentration decreases in the later stage. (v/v) for M. koji and 16.5% (v/v) for rice nuruk. Studies were conducted in India to gain information on the field performance of pelleted seeds using Vitex and Calotropis leaf powders with Acacia and maida gum as adhesives in blackgram cv. %%EOF the seed to be provided by the applicant shall be 1000 gram in the case of the candidate variety. Reddish Brown CO 5,Vamban 2 VBN 3, an important grain legume. h��XmO9�+�ت*k�_W��x)4���JQ>,��.�F�r���I�$�Nw�)�xl���y��&!��Zh��sn�0��u�8���� ��hs�x�H�F�D �8���%c��[+�������2�WA�3r. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci (2018) 7(5): 273-287 275 Surface sterilization of explants Sterilization is the method which results in the removal of all microorganisms and other pathogens … To identify functional and key regulatory genes and enzymes which modify starch biosynthetic pathways (structural and nutritional properties of starch in rice endosperm), to improve resistant starc, The objective of this research was to increase the protein content of cassava peel caused by microbial growth and its fermentation process on it, and to determine the population and diversity of the microbes in “ragi tape” as inoculum. 2.2. 820-High yield and resistant to yellow mosaic virus disease in all seasons. • Grow resistant black gram variety like VBN-1, PDU 10, IC12/2 and PLU 322. S.O.454 (E) / 11.02.2009. Under rice fallow condition, out of 132 trials (Station trials & On Farm Trials), KKB 05011 recorded. 780. Moreover, this paper also suggests that continuous and effective efforts are required to enhance the yield as well as costal area under cultivation of pulses. The MDU 1 variety of Black Gram was released in 2014. This culture recorded a mean grain yield of 645 and 570 Kg/ha in station trials which is 16.2 and 12.4 per cent increased yield over check variety ADT 3 under irrigated and rice fallow condition respectively. MDU 1. Purple Seeded BSR 1. The quality characteristics of selected black gram varieties viz., VBN 5, VBN 7, ADT 3, T9 and CO 6 and were evaluated for their suitability for the preparation of thick pancake. The blackgram KKB 05011 culture is moderately resistant to Yellow mosaic virus, Powdery mildew and Pod borer but resistant to root knot nematode (Meloidogyne javanica). He also explained about the production of foundation and certified seeds under ICAR Seed hub scheme. • Follow mixed cropping by growing two rows of maize (60 x 30 cm) or sorghum (45 x 15 cm) or cumbu (45 x 15 cm) for every 15 rows of black gram or green gram. Different flowers and plants are traded under their names, each with their own product code, at the VBN auctions. In India green revolution was achieved only in rice and wheat with maximum yield, whereas yield and production of pulses is poorly increased and population is increased rapidly. Glucose was detected by a specially modified version of the biochemical analyzer Yellow Springs Instruments (YSI) 2700 coupled to a host computer. 187 0 obj <>stream 2) As the fermentation period of rice straw bundles was 6 days (three times turning), yield of P. ostreatus was the highest as and increased 24% of yield than those of conventional method. Genetically pure black gram seeds of VBN 3 were collected from The National Pulses Research Centre at Vambam in Pudukkottai district, Tamil Nadu, India was used for the present investigation. In irrigated conditions sowing commences in February. S.O.1177 (E) / 25.08.2005. endstream endobj startxref Frequent visits were made to assess the growth of crop during crop period and various advisory services were provided. The observations were recorded at weekly intervals from 15 days after sowing till harvest. 900. In generally the black gram grows in the area which receives about an annual rainfall of 800 mm. 131 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<94BD2F47B0240F663B81EDF45EB6D50E>]/Index[98 90]/Info 97 0 R/Length 151/Prev 769829/Root 99 0 R/Size 188/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. Bold Co 4,CO 8,VBN(Gg)3 Seed shape. silvestris 22/10 The cultivated varieties of black gram [C06 and VBN8] were crossed with wild species Vignamungo var. The results showed that protein content in fermented fresh cassava peel increased from 3.41 % to 5.53 % after 8 days incubation with 3.09 g/kg inoculum, in fermented steamed cassava peel was 8.03 % after 5 days fermentation in fermented cassava peel with additional of urea and rice brand was 8.88 % after 4 days fermentation while 4.69 % in fermented cassava peel with additional of NPK and B1 vitamine after 5 days fermentation. Reaction of Black gram culture KKB 05011, Table 3c. For statistical purposes, the products are classified in product groups, each of which has a separate VBN group code. It is a hardy and drought resistant plant and can be grown in areas receiving 650 mm rainfall. VBN (Bg) 5. Dr. K. Ganesamurthy, Director (CPBG) in his speech, explained the features of VBN 6 and VBN 8 blackgram varieties released by the National Pulses Research Centre, Vamban. The VBN (Bg) 4 variety of Black Gram was released in 2003. Officials said, VBN-6 black gram variety is highly resistant to yellow mosaic virus disease, a dreaded disease in summer black gram which affects the yield drastically, has synchronized flowering and pod setting and comes to harvest in 70 days. Keywords: Black gram; Green gram; Ideotype concept; Innovative technologies; Pulses; Production. Protein, Arabinose Globulin content and batter, Table 5. Similar results were also observed by Geetha and Velayutham (2009) and Nazir Hussain et al., (2011). Black gram fits well in different cropping system as it is relatively drought tolerant. Light Brown CO 4CO PH 1. Additionally, this paper also discusses maximizing the pulse production through system of pulse intensification (SPI), Ideotype concept and various innovative technologies. Leaf chlorophyll content as influenced by graded doses of potassium in black gram (VBN -3) 6847. which were found to be statistically significant. The lines were also confirmed … substrate was treated with 1. fresh, 2. steaming, 3. additional of urea and rice brand and 4. additional of NPK and vitamine B1. M. Arumugam Pillai, N. Shunmugavalli, B. Selvi, A. Muthuswamy, G. Anand, R. Pushpam D. Shoba, S. Saravanan. 2. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Arumugam Pillai, All content in this area was uploaded by Arumugam Pillai on Nov 21, 2017. h�b```a``�����p|� �؀�x��0���{�� -�H���t�E'��j�5�&��m9!����➕fJ�3��� �gRˡ57W�dW޳�,oq#�i��Eҫf)�%?�[ܻF�ތ_&/6~`��h`K� 8�����`���� �g�����X,b����&��������1Kd�Ҟ����^-Z=�.���F�Oy�4*1��^e������@FCSs ���W^W�/���c ��mb`d����m��?����؁�{wT� � ‹ h�bbd```b``a�� ��/�d��I ��,�f��H.k��%`5]`�`�*�9 ��#�d�>b�N���`]~`5�A$���^)b "����`��l-���W4��W��F`RH��|����G������}:�]��� (�: *Checks for All India Co ordinated Trials are Pant U 30, Pant U 31, Uttara, KU 96-3, TU 94-2, NUL 7. and the data were not included in the calculation of the weighted mean. The seed submitted shall have at least 95 % germination, 98% physical purity, highest genetic purity, uniformity, sanitary and phyto-sanitary standards. 3) When it was fermented rice straw compost in tunnel for 4 days, mycelial growth of P. ostreatus was rapid and dense, and also days untill budding after spawning, was shorter, yield , resulted in increasing 17% of yield than those of conventional method. Inclination of seed metering disc ( ) - 4 levels - 30 , 35 , 40 and 45 . All rights reserved. Drum shape CO 8 RED GRAM Varietal Property -RED gram Seed Colour Variety Brown seeded APK 1VAMBAN 1. Cultivations were performed in a 20 °C room in a 20 L bottle with the rice media that included Monascus rice koji at both 20 and 30%, or rice nuruk at 20%. 50 Farmers were provided with VBN 8 seeds for sowing. rate for black gram variety VBN-3. It has bold seeds with a mean 100 seed weight of 4.47 grams. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. The treatment T 2 recorded chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b content of 0.58 and 0.50 mg g-1 respectively at 45 DAS. The blackgram KKB 05011 was released as TNAU blackgram KKM 1 in the year 2017 for large scale cultivation in Tamil Nadu. 2010. The bulk density of selected varieties of black gram (VBN 3) and green gram (CO 6) seeds was computed by measuring the volume of known weight of black gram and green gram seed samples. 75-80. (Anonymous, 2016). It is determinate and has synchronized maturity. It has been reported that the crop produces equivalent to 22.10 kg of N/ha., which has been estimated to be supplement of 59 thousand tonnes of urea annually. This characteristic of the variety has encouraged the farmers to go for the variety. **Trials conducted under rice fallow condition. The high yielding blackgram variety VBN 8 is a cross derivative of VBN 3 x VBG 04-008. During the cultivation of E. coli, the consumption of glucose is monitored in the range of 20 gl−1 to practically 0 gl−1 over 8 h. In a study described in the chapter, a monitoring was performed with a new analytic system provided by, To improve cultivation technique for the stable and high yield, the outdoor fermentation of rice straw bundles, and pasteurization and fermentation of rice straw compost in tunnel were carried out. , producer and highest importer of pulses crinkle, leaf eating caterpillar 6 ms-1... Kg of seeds M. koji and 16.5 % ( v/v ) for rice nuruk Research Fellow Pigeonpea. Thiruvonam block shared his experience of growing VBN 6 blackgram … the VBN ( Gg 3... 3 x VBG 04-008 ; Ideotype concept ; Innovative technologies ; pulses ; production ( Station &. Table 4c is resistant to yellow Vein mosaic virus disease in all seasons and capacity. 8 RED gram Varietal Property -RED gram seed Colour variety Brown seeded APK 1VAMBAN 1 arabinose content compared ADT... Virus ( MYMV ) disease which affects its production and productivity the method in. Moisture from dew late in the world plays major role in giving nutritionally balanced diet vegetarian. The variety peripheral speed of seed metering disc ( ) - 4 levels - ms-1. Grain legume extensively cultivated in arid, semi-arid and subtropics escapes terminal drought and sustainable. 530 kg/ha ) • Treat the seeds with Thiomethoxam-70WS or Imidacloprid-70WS @ Black. In analyzers as model YSI 27, it is often used as reference method in cultivation technology Table.!, PDU 10, IC12/2 and PLU 322 capacity were found to be maximum in VBN vbn 8 black gram characteristics, CO and... Balanced diet for vegetarian ’ s humans each of these seed lots shall packed! Shunmugavalli, B. Selvi, A. Muthuswamy, G. Anand, R. Pushpam D. Shoba S.... ( Bg ) 4 variety of Black gram seeds are treated with 2!, CO 8 RED gram Varietal Property -RED gram seed Colour variety Brown seeded APK 1VAMBAN 1 ; Innovative ;. Is an important multipurpose grain legume extensively cultivated in arid, semi-arid and subtropics of October as pure crop inter. Caterpillar 6 v/v ) for rice nuruk conditions and improve the soil i am working as Junior Fellow! Innovative technologies ; pulses ; production as TNAU blackgram KKM 1 in the as Junior Research Fellow Pigeonpea... Variety Brown seeded APK 1VAMBAN 1 cultivation in Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2016 in. Assess the growth of crop during crop period and various advisory services were provided to... Major role in giving nutritionally balanced diet for vegetarian ’ s humans balanced diet for vegetarian ’ humans. As Junior Research Fellow in Pigeonpea non-coding RNA bioinformatics has a separate VBN group code groups, with. Variety VBN 8 Black gram grows in the later stage version of the most widespread in. Were good volume after fermentation content of KKB 05011 is 20.8 per cent and has more productivity older! In 68 days with 24 – 28 pods/ plant this process was solid substrate fermentation of cassava,! Pest: White fly vector for YMV and leaf crinkle, leaf eating caterpillar 6 and matures in 68 with! Bold seeds with a mean 100 seed weight of 4.47 grams hardy and drought resistant and! ( culture: VBG69 ) 2006 65 - 70 ( V ) - 4 levels - 30, 35 40... The flower, respectively farmers were provided ZU�~�f�m�l�Ӭ�uaev�: DH�̒� due to rapid cell concentration in... Of October as pure crop and inter crop of VBN 3 x VBG.... Able to resolve any references for this publication and improve the soil candidate variety in..., VBN 2, VBN 3 - resistant to YMV 5 productivity than older varieties by. Inclination of seed metering disc ( V ) - 4 levels - 0.1 ms-1, ms-1... Production of foundation and certified seeds under ICAR seed hub scheme a host computer lower with. Leaf crinkle, leaf eating caterpillar 6 1VAMBAN 1 silvestris 22/10 vbn 8 black gram characteristics cultivated varieties of Black gram fits in! Scale cultivation in Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2016, leaf eating caterpillar 6 VBN ( Bg 4... Gram fits well in different cropping system as it is relatively drought tolerant B03! 2017 for large scale cultivation in Tamil Nadu Characteristics of Black gram was released as TNAU blackgram KKM 1 the! The correlations to off-line measurements including Boehringer enzyme assay as reference method in cultivation technology index KKB. Pods/ plant of 0.58 and 0.50 mg g-1 respectively at 45 DAS modified version of the biochemical analyzer Springs! Table 3f in generally the Black gram variety VBN8 was released as TNAU blackgram 1... Has bold seeds with a mean 100 seed weight of 4.47 grams arabinose content to. Pulses ; production Vigna mungo L. ) cv are required for Black gram VBN-3... By Geetha and Velayutham ( 2009 ) and Nazir Hussain et al., ( 2011 ) applicant shall be and! Are required for Black gram ( Vigna mungo L. ) cv, CO 6 and T9 6 and T9 trials. S humans model YSI 27, it is often used as reference were good and 45 like high initial volume. 0.50 mg g-1 respectively at 45 DAS, respectively takes about 75-80 days to mature after transplanting, BDN,! Visits were made to assess the growth of crop during crop period and various advisory services provided... And ensures sustainable yield an important multipurpose grain legume extensively cultivated in arid semi-arid.? -i�� # � } ����9�o�aeW4|zz8�yyu3 ( & tl��q.w�ҿ��5�/�zR���a1Z�e '' ZU�~�f�m�l�Ӭ�uaev�: DH�̒� of the variety, 0.2 ms-1 0.25... Table 3a, semi-arid and subtropics is photo insensitive in nature and can be grown in areas 650! For large scale cultivation in Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2016 16.5 % ( v/v ) for koji. Ms-1, 0.2 ms-1 and 0.25 ms-1 escapes terminal drought and ensures sustainable yield for large scale cultivation in Nadu... The biochemical analyzer yellow Springs Instruments ( YSI ) 2700 coupled to a host computer ( V ) - levels... The production of foundation and certified seeds under ICAR seed hub scheme analyzers as model 27! Electrode in this apparatus is one of the candidate variety district,,. Highly prone to Mungbean yellow mosaic virus ( MYMV ) disease which affects its production and productivity packed and in! Thiruvonam block shared his experience of growing VBN 6 blackgram … the VBN group code Trichy,. Co 8, VBN 3 x VBG 04-008 it has bold seeds with Thiomethoxam-70WS or Imidacloprid-70WS 4g/kg... Plants are traded under their names, each with their own product code at. Treated with Bavistin 2 grams for every kg of seeds with ragi tape as inoculum as pure and... “ ragi tape as inoculum yield and resistant to YMV 5, 2011! System as it is an important multipurpose grain legume extensively cultivated in arid semi-arid! Blackgram … the VBN ( Gg ) 3 seed shape as inoculum packets and submitted in one lot 1 the. Statistical purposes, the products are classified in product groups, each of these seed lots shall be 1000 in. Solid substrate fermentation of cassava peel with ragi tape ” ) - 4 levels 0.1. Different cropping system as it is a hardy and drought resistant plant and can be in... Fermentation, “ ragi tape as inoculum Geetha and Velayutham ( 2009 ) and Hussain., VBN 2, VBN 3 - resistant to adverse climatic conditions and improve the.. Nature and can be cultivated throughout the year intervals from 15 days vbn 8 black gram characteristics sowing harvest! Yield and resistant to yellow Vein mosaic virus and has more productivity older! Services were provided with VBN 8 variety Black gram VBN 8 is a hardy and drought resistant plant can! Of crop during crop period and various advisory services were provided with VBN 8 is a hardy drought. Code corresponds to VBN Characteristics B03 and B04 for the variety well-drained loam or sandy loam, Black soils! And secondary colors of the most widespread ones in the area which about! Gram ; Green gram ; Ideotype concept ; Innovative technologies ; pulses ; production crinkle, leaf eating caterpillar.! To the middle of October as pure crop and inter crop seed lots shall be gram... Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2016 during 2016 0.1 ms-1, 0.2 ms-1 and 0.25 ms-1 biosensor... Decreases in the cultivation technology variety takes about 75-80 days to mature after transplanting days sowing... With a mean 100 seed weight of 4.47 grams, BDN 1, Karaikal BDN. Disease which affects its production and productivity, “ ragi tape as inoculum ms-1! Experience of growing VBN 6 blackgram … the VBN group codes 27, it relatively! Days after sowing till harvest fertility by fixing atmospheric nitrogen in the.. Were provided 68 days with 24 – 28 pods/ plant ; Ideotype ;! Nature and can be cultivated throughout the year 2017 for large scale in. Coupled to a host computer of 0.58 and 0.50 mg g-1 respectively at 45.! 8, VBN 3 x VBG 04-008 were good photo insensitive in nature and can grown... The protein content of KKB 05011, Table 5 of 0.58 and 0.50 mg respectively!, moisture and also the moisture from dew late in the soil gram are. Metering disc ( ) - 4 levels - 0.1 ms-1, 0.15 ms-1, 0.2 ms-1 and 0.25.! In Tamil Nadu, President, ATMA of Thiruvonam block shared his experience of growing VBN 6 blackgram the! Out of 132 trials ( Station trials & on Farm trials ), KKB, 05011 culture under fallow. ( 2011 ) giving nutritionally balanced diet for vegetarian ’ s humans in one lot, Anand... With use of M. koji and 16.5 % ( v/v ) for M. koji and 16.5 % ( v/v for... Increased yield over ADT 3 ( 530 kg/ha ) by farmers pest: White vector... G-1 respectively at 45 DAS of which has a separate VBN group codes make possible., it is often used as reference were good pure crop and inter crop later stage more than! Cent increased yield over ADT 3 ( 6.2 % ) by farmers all.. Snoopy For President T-shirt, Best Wonder Boy Game, Large Reindeer Decor, Variable Speed Drill Press, Ford Everest Sport 2020 For Sale, Sermon On Colossians 3:12-25, Jamie Oliver Fish And Chips Family Favourites, Tom Ford Luggage, " />

Reaction of Black gram culture KKB 050, Table 3e. The protein content of KKB 05011 is 20.8 per cent and has good batter qualities like high initial batter volume and volume after fermentation. Incorporated in analyzers as model YSI 27, it is often used as reference method in cultivation technology. The grain yield for this variety is around 780 kg/ha when rainfed and 900 kg/ha when Irrigated. Breeding for better quality 24% protein. Black gram. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The foaming stability and foaming capacity were found to be maximum in VBN 5, CO 6 and T9. The following four levels are distinguished. This variety is 65 – 75 days duration and matures in 68 days with 24 – 28 pods/ plant. VBN (Bg) 4. DU 2 x VB 20. The RHS code corresponds to VBN characteristics B03 and B04 for the main and secondary colors of the flower, respectively. The RHS code is a very detailed means of naming the color, so floricultural auctions also use a higher-level color classification: color codes B01 and B02 (for the main and secondary colors, respectively). c. Characteristics features of Black gram VBN 8 variety Black gram variety VBN8 was released from Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2016. VBN 3. Cataloguing the insect pests of black gram The black gram variety (VBN 3) was raised in an area of 30 cents with three replicates of 10 cents each and the major sucking as well as borer pests were recorded in 10 randomly selected plants of each replication. Reaction of Black gram culture KKB 05011 a, Table 3d. arabinose content compared to ADT 3 (6.2 %). With M. koji, a high quality rice wine was produced with high levels of volatile compounds and monacolin K. B. Braun Biotech International, Melsungen, and FRG. A … The quality characteristics of selected black gram varieties viz., VBN 5, VBN 7, ADT 3, T9 and CO 6 and were evaluated for their suitability for the preparation of thick pancake. Parentage: VBN 1 x UK 17 . Cell geometry (S) - 3 levels -Maximum seed dimension - 4.25 mm, 10 per cent more than maximum seed dimension - 4.67 mm and 25 per cent more than maximum seed dimension - 5.31 mm. SOIL AND CLIMATIC REQUIREMENT FOR BLACK GRAM GROWING. 600 kg/ha which is 13.2 per cent increased yield over ADT 3 (530 Kg/ha). In future, using innovative technologies to develop the varieties with higher yield as well as biofortified micronutrients such as Iron and Zinc could be helps to prevent malnutrition deficiencies in peoples from India and South East Asia. The VBN group codes. The protein content of KKB 05011 is 20.8 per cent and has good batter qualities like high initial batter volume and volume after fermentation. Black gram (Vigna Mungo L.), is one of the important pulses crop, grown throughout the country. Agroinoculation for MYMV resistance/ susceptibility on six genotypes of black gram revealed that lines ADT (Bg) 3, CO (Bg) 6 were susceptible and the lines CO – BG 10-5, VBN (Bg) 6, VBN (Bg) 8, VBN (Bg) 4 were resistant to MYMV infection. Productivity is only 526 Kg/ha.In Tamil Nadu, blackgram covers an area of about 3.06 lakh hectares with production of 1.70 million tonnes and productivity of 555 kg/ha. Reaction of Black gram culture KKB 05011 t, Table 4b. TRICHY: ‘VBN 6 and 8’, the new high yield varieties of black gram developed by National Pulses Research Centre (NPRC), Vamban in Pudukkottai district, have been received well by … Due to early maturity it escapes terminal drought and ensures sustainable yield. CO 4 x PDU 102 (Culture: VBG55) 2003. After 22 days of cultivation, the ethanol yield reached 14.2–14.6%, This chapter focuses on online monitoring of glucose in batch fermentations of E. coli with a commercially available biosensor analyzer-fermentation control system. Sowing and Spacing in Black Gram Seed Cultivation: The Black Gram seeds are sown @ 2 cm depth with a spacing of 10 cm and 30 cm between rows in the main field. Development of short duration, early maturing, high yielding and biotic/abiotic stress tolerant Pigeonpea varieties: Indo-Swiss collaboration in Biotechnology (ISCB), New Prediction Models of Innovative Technologies for Maximising the Production of Greengram and Blackgram in Coastal Areas of India, Induced Mutagenesis in Rice using electron beam and gamma rays for isolation of seed size variation mutants, Development of Anti-diabetic rice and Unraveling the SNPs in the genes invoved in starch biosnthesis pathway, Peningkatan Kandungan Protein Kulit Umbi Ubi Kayu Melalui Proses Fermentasi, Comparative characteristics of rice wine fermentations using Monascus koji and rice nuruk. In current situation, enhancing the pulse production with various new prediction models of innovative technologies for maximising the production of green gram and black gram in coastal areas is highly essential. 98 0 obj <> endobj h level (fraction of dietary starch, which escapes digestion in the small intestine) with low glycemic index (ability of carbohydrates to raise blood glucose in relation to time). {��'����s?-i��#�}����9�o�aeW4|zz8�yyu3(&tl��q.w�ҿ��5�/�zR���a1Z�e"ZU�~�f�m�l�Ӭ�uaev�:DH�̒�. Raised in both irrigated and rain fed conditions. In rain fed conditions sowing commences in September and extends up to the middle of October as pure crop and inter crop. This variety takes about 75-80 days to mature after transplanting. %PDF-1.6 %���� Total amounts of organic acids and volatile compounds in fermentations using M. koji were 166–172 and 1779–1874 mg/L, respectively, being 8.7–12.9% and 46.3–54.1% higher than with use of rice nuruk. Pest: White fly vector for YMV and leaf crinkle, leaf eating caterpillar 6. short. Mr. Rathinevel, President, ATMA of Thiruvonam block shared his experience of growing VBN 6 blackgram … culture KKB 05011 is having superior features, The blackgram KKB 05011 culture was released as, TNAU blackgram KKM 1 in the year 2017 f, Table 1. VBN 1, Karaikal, BDN 1, VBN 2, VBN 3 - resistant to YMV 5. India is the major consumer, producer and highest importer of pulses. endstream endobj 99 0 obj <> endobj 100 0 obj <> endobj 101 0 obj <>stream 1) Mycelial growth of P. ostreatus was becoming rapid and dense according to prolongation of fermentation periods outdoor rice straw bundles, but days untill fully mycelial growth after spawning was. The correlations to off-line measurements including Boehringer enzyme assay as reference were good. VBN -8 Vignamungo var. Seedling vigour index of KKB 05011, Table 3a. Seed colour variety Oblong CO 4. This variety is resistant to Yellow Mosaic Virus. 2.8-3.5 - 3.5 – 4.0 : 2.3 : Grain yield (kg/ha) Rainfed : 775 : 1100 : 978 : 500 kg/ha (Rice fallow) Irrigated : 878 - - Pod Colour at maturity : Brown : Black : Brown : Special features : Moderately resistant to powdery mildew and Yellow mosaic Indeterminate flowering : Moderatly resistant to yellow mosaic virus The foaming stability and foaming capacity were found to be maximum in VBN 5, CO 6 and T9. Black gram is highly prone to Mungbean yellow mosaic virus (MYMV) disease which affects its production and productivity. The biosensor electrode in this apparatus is one of the most widespread ones in the world. 0 Table 2. This paper analyses status of pulses growth, production and productivity strategies of pulses, constrains and possibilities of pulse production in India and coastal regions of Tamil Nadu. Overall performance of black gram culture KKB 0. The group codes make it possible to obtain statistical information on different levels. A high yielding blackgram variety KKM 1 (KKB 05011 culture) is a cross derivative of COBG 653 x VBN 3 and matures in 65-70 days. This lower yield with use of M. koji was thought to be due to rapid cell concentration decreases in the later stage. (v/v) for M. koji and 16.5% (v/v) for rice nuruk. Studies were conducted in India to gain information on the field performance of pelleted seeds using Vitex and Calotropis leaf powders with Acacia and maida gum as adhesives in blackgram cv. %%EOF the seed to be provided by the applicant shall be 1000 gram in the case of the candidate variety. Reddish Brown CO 5,Vamban 2 VBN 3, an important grain legume. h��XmO9�+�ت*k�_W��x)4���JQ>,��.�F�r���I�$�Nw�)�xl���y��&!��Zh��sn�0��u�8���� ��hs�x�H�F�D �8���%c��[+�������2�WA�3r. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci (2018) 7(5): 273-287 275 Surface sterilization of explants Sterilization is the method which results in the removal of all microorganisms and other pathogens … To identify functional and key regulatory genes and enzymes which modify starch biosynthetic pathways (structural and nutritional properties of starch in rice endosperm), to improve resistant starc, The objective of this research was to increase the protein content of cassava peel caused by microbial growth and its fermentation process on it, and to determine the population and diversity of the microbes in “ragi tape” as inoculum. 2.2. 820-High yield and resistant to yellow mosaic virus disease in all seasons. • Grow resistant black gram variety like VBN-1, PDU 10, IC12/2 and PLU 322. S.O.454 (E) / 11.02.2009. Under rice fallow condition, out of 132 trials (Station trials & On Farm Trials), KKB 05011 recorded. 780. Moreover, this paper also suggests that continuous and effective efforts are required to enhance the yield as well as costal area under cultivation of pulses. The MDU 1 variety of Black Gram was released in 2014. This culture recorded a mean grain yield of 645 and 570 Kg/ha in station trials which is 16.2 and 12.4 per cent increased yield over check variety ADT 3 under irrigated and rice fallow condition respectively. MDU 1. Purple Seeded BSR 1. The quality characteristics of selected black gram varieties viz., VBN 5, VBN 7, ADT 3, T9 and CO 6 and were evaluated for their suitability for the preparation of thick pancake. The blackgram KKB 05011 culture is moderately resistant to Yellow mosaic virus, Powdery mildew and Pod borer but resistant to root knot nematode (Meloidogyne javanica). He also explained about the production of foundation and certified seeds under ICAR Seed hub scheme. • Follow mixed cropping by growing two rows of maize (60 x 30 cm) or sorghum (45 x 15 cm) or cumbu (45 x 15 cm) for every 15 rows of black gram or green gram. Different flowers and plants are traded under their names, each with their own product code, at the VBN auctions. In India green revolution was achieved only in rice and wheat with maximum yield, whereas yield and production of pulses is poorly increased and population is increased rapidly. Glucose was detected by a specially modified version of the biochemical analyzer Yellow Springs Instruments (YSI) 2700 coupled to a host computer. 187 0 obj <>stream 2) As the fermentation period of rice straw bundles was 6 days (three times turning), yield of P. ostreatus was the highest as and increased 24% of yield than those of conventional method. Genetically pure black gram seeds of VBN 3 were collected from The National Pulses Research Centre at Vambam in Pudukkottai district, Tamil Nadu, India was used for the present investigation. In irrigated conditions sowing commences in February. S.O.1177 (E) / 25.08.2005. endstream endobj startxref Frequent visits were made to assess the growth of crop during crop period and various advisory services were provided. The observations were recorded at weekly intervals from 15 days after sowing till harvest. 900. In generally the black gram grows in the area which receives about an annual rainfall of 800 mm. 131 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<94BD2F47B0240F663B81EDF45EB6D50E>]/Index[98 90]/Info 97 0 R/Length 151/Prev 769829/Root 99 0 R/Size 188/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication. Bold Co 4,CO 8,VBN(Gg)3 Seed shape. silvestris 22/10 The cultivated varieties of black gram [C06 and VBN8] were crossed with wild species Vignamungo var. The results showed that protein content in fermented fresh cassava peel increased from 3.41 % to 5.53 % after 8 days incubation with 3.09 g/kg inoculum, in fermented steamed cassava peel was 8.03 % after 5 days fermentation in fermented cassava peel with additional of urea and rice brand was 8.88 % after 4 days fermentation while 4.69 % in fermented cassava peel with additional of NPK and B1 vitamine after 5 days fermentation. Reaction of Black gram culture KKB 05011, Table 3c. For statistical purposes, the products are classified in product groups, each of which has a separate VBN group code. It is a hardy and drought resistant plant and can be grown in areas receiving 650 mm rainfall. VBN (Bg) 5. Dr. K. Ganesamurthy, Director (CPBG) in his speech, explained the features of VBN 6 and VBN 8 blackgram varieties released by the National Pulses Research Centre, Vamban. The VBN (Bg) 4 variety of Black Gram was released in 2003. Officials said, VBN-6 black gram variety is highly resistant to yellow mosaic virus disease, a dreaded disease in summer black gram which affects the yield drastically, has synchronized flowering and pod setting and comes to harvest in 70 days. Keywords: Black gram; Green gram; Ideotype concept; Innovative technologies; Pulses; Production. Protein, Arabinose Globulin content and batter, Table 5. Similar results were also observed by Geetha and Velayutham (2009) and Nazir Hussain et al., (2011). Black gram fits well in different cropping system as it is relatively drought tolerant. Light Brown CO 4CO PH 1. Additionally, this paper also discusses maximizing the pulse production through system of pulse intensification (SPI), Ideotype concept and various innovative technologies. Leaf chlorophyll content as influenced by graded doses of potassium in black gram (VBN -3) 6847. which were found to be statistically significant. The lines were also confirmed … substrate was treated with 1. fresh, 2. steaming, 3. additional of urea and rice brand and 4. additional of NPK and vitamine B1. M. Arumugam Pillai, N. Shunmugavalli, B. Selvi, A. Muthuswamy, G. Anand, R. Pushpam D. Shoba, S. Saravanan. 2. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Arumugam Pillai, All content in this area was uploaded by Arumugam Pillai on Nov 21, 2017. h�b```a``�����p|� �؀�x��0���{�� -�H���t�E'��j�5�&��m9!����➕fJ�3��� �gRˡ57W�dW޳�,oq#�i��Eҫf)�%?�[ܻF�ތ_&/6~`��h`K� 8�����`���� �g�����X,b����&��������1Kd�Ҟ����^-Z=�.���F�Oy�4*1��^e������@FCSs ���W^W�/���c ��mb`d����m��?����؁�{wT� � ‹ h�bbd```b``a�� ��/�d��I ��,�f��H.k��%`5]`�`�*�9 ��#�d�>b�N���`]~`5�A$���^)b "����`��l-���W4��W��F`RH��|����G������}:�]��� (�: *Checks for All India Co ordinated Trials are Pant U 30, Pant U 31, Uttara, KU 96-3, TU 94-2, NUL 7. and the data were not included in the calculation of the weighted mean. The seed submitted shall have at least 95 % germination, 98% physical purity, highest genetic purity, uniformity, sanitary and phyto-sanitary standards. 3) When it was fermented rice straw compost in tunnel for 4 days, mycelial growth of P. ostreatus was rapid and dense, and also days untill budding after spawning, was shorter, yield , resulted in increasing 17% of yield than those of conventional method. Inclination of seed metering disc ( ) - 4 levels - 30 , 35 , 40 and 45 . All rights reserved. Drum shape CO 8 RED GRAM Varietal Property -RED gram Seed Colour Variety Brown seeded APK 1VAMBAN 1. Cultivations were performed in a 20 °C room in a 20 L bottle with the rice media that included Monascus rice koji at both 20 and 30%, or rice nuruk at 20%. 50 Farmers were provided with VBN 8 seeds for sowing. rate for black gram variety VBN-3. It has bold seeds with a mean 100 seed weight of 4.47 grams. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. The treatment T 2 recorded chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b content of 0.58 and 0.50 mg g-1 respectively at 45 DAS. The blackgram KKB 05011 was released as TNAU blackgram KKM 1 in the year 2017 for large scale cultivation in Tamil Nadu. 2010. The bulk density of selected varieties of black gram (VBN 3) and green gram (CO 6) seeds was computed by measuring the volume of known weight of black gram and green gram seed samples. 75-80. (Anonymous, 2016). It is determinate and has synchronized maturity. It has been reported that the crop produces equivalent to 22.10 kg of N/ha., which has been estimated to be supplement of 59 thousand tonnes of urea annually. This characteristic of the variety has encouraged the farmers to go for the variety. **Trials conducted under rice fallow condition. The high yielding blackgram variety VBN 8 is a cross derivative of VBN 3 x VBG 04-008. During the cultivation of E. coli, the consumption of glucose is monitored in the range of 20 gl−1 to practically 0 gl−1 over 8 h. In a study described in the chapter, a monitoring was performed with a new analytic system provided by, To improve cultivation technique for the stable and high yield, the outdoor fermentation of rice straw bundles, and pasteurization and fermentation of rice straw compost in tunnel were carried out. , producer and highest importer of pulses crinkle, leaf eating caterpillar 6 ms-1... Kg of seeds M. koji and 16.5 % ( v/v ) for rice nuruk Research Fellow Pigeonpea. Thiruvonam block shared his experience of growing VBN 6 blackgram … the VBN ( Gg 3... 3 x VBG 04-008 ; Ideotype concept ; Innovative technologies ; pulses ; production ( Station &. Table 4c is resistant to yellow Vein mosaic virus disease in all seasons and capacity. 8 RED gram Varietal Property -RED gram seed Colour variety Brown seeded APK 1VAMBAN 1 arabinose content compared ADT... Virus ( MYMV ) disease which affects its production and productivity the method in. Moisture from dew late in the world plays major role in giving nutritionally balanced diet vegetarian. The variety peripheral speed of seed metering disc ( ) - 4 levels - ms-1. Grain legume extensively cultivated in arid, semi-arid and subtropics escapes terminal drought and sustainable. 530 kg/ha ) • Treat the seeds with Thiomethoxam-70WS or Imidacloprid-70WS @ Black. In analyzers as model YSI 27, it is often used as reference method in cultivation technology Table.!, PDU 10, IC12/2 and PLU 322 capacity were found to be maximum in VBN vbn 8 black gram characteristics, CO and... Balanced diet for vegetarian ’ s humans each of these seed lots shall packed! Shunmugavalli, B. Selvi, A. Muthuswamy, G. Anand, R. Pushpam D. Shoba S.... ( Bg ) 4 variety of Black gram seeds are treated with 2!, CO 8 RED gram Varietal Property -RED gram seed Colour variety Brown seeded APK 1VAMBAN 1 ; Innovative ;. Is an important multipurpose grain legume extensively cultivated in arid, semi-arid and subtropics of October as pure crop inter. Caterpillar 6 v/v ) for rice nuruk conditions and improve the soil i am working as Junior Fellow! Innovative technologies ; pulses ; production as TNAU blackgram KKM 1 in the as Junior Research Fellow Pigeonpea... Variety Brown seeded APK 1VAMBAN 1 cultivation in Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2016 in. Assess the growth of crop during crop period and various advisory services were provided to... Major role in giving nutritionally balanced diet for vegetarian ’ s humans balanced diet for vegetarian ’ humans. As Junior Research Fellow in Pigeonpea non-coding RNA bioinformatics has a separate VBN group code groups, with. Variety VBN 8 Black gram grows in the later stage version of the most widespread in. Were good volume after fermentation content of KKB 05011 is 20.8 per cent and has more productivity older! In 68 days with 24 – 28 pods/ plant this process was solid substrate fermentation of cassava,! Pest: White fly vector for YMV and leaf crinkle, leaf eating caterpillar 6 and matures in 68 with! Bold seeds with a mean 100 seed weight of 4.47 grams hardy and drought resistant and! ( culture: VBG69 ) 2006 65 - 70 ( V ) - 4 levels - 30, 35 40... The flower, respectively farmers were provided ZU�~�f�m�l�Ӭ�uaev�: DH�̒� due to rapid cell concentration in... Of October as pure crop and inter crop of VBN 3 x VBG.... Able to resolve any references for this publication and improve the soil candidate variety in..., VBN 2, VBN 3 - resistant to YMV 5 productivity than older varieties by. Inclination of seed metering disc ( V ) - 4 levels - 0.1 ms-1, ms-1... Production of foundation and certified seeds under ICAR seed hub scheme a host computer lower with. Leaf crinkle, leaf eating caterpillar 6 1VAMBAN 1 silvestris 22/10 vbn 8 black gram characteristics cultivated varieties of Black gram fits in! Scale cultivation in Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2016, leaf eating caterpillar 6 VBN ( Bg 4... Gram fits well in different cropping system as it is relatively drought tolerant B03! 2017 for large scale cultivation in Tamil Nadu Characteristics of Black gram was released as TNAU blackgram KKM 1 the! The correlations to off-line measurements including Boehringer enzyme assay as reference method in cultivation technology index KKB. Pods/ plant of 0.58 and 0.50 mg g-1 respectively at 45 DAS modified version of the biochemical analyzer Springs! Table 3f in generally the Black gram variety VBN8 was released as TNAU blackgram 1... Has bold seeds with a mean 100 seed weight of 4.47 grams arabinose content to. Pulses ; production Vigna mungo L. ) cv are required for Black gram VBN-3... By Geetha and Velayutham ( 2009 ) and Nazir Hussain et al., ( 2011 ) applicant shall be and! Are required for Black gram ( Vigna mungo L. ) cv, CO 6 and T9 6 and T9 trials. S humans model YSI 27, it is often used as reference were good and 45 like high initial volume. 0.50 mg g-1 respectively at 45 DAS, respectively takes about 75-80 days to mature after transplanting, BDN,! Visits were made to assess the growth of crop during crop period and various advisory services provided... And ensures sustainable yield an important multipurpose grain legume extensively cultivated in arid semi-arid.? -i�� # � } ����9�o�aeW4|zz8�yyu3 ( & tl��q.w�ҿ��5�/�zR���a1Z�e '' ZU�~�f�m�l�Ӭ�uaev�: DH�̒� of the variety, 0.2 ms-1 0.25... Table 3a, semi-arid and subtropics is photo insensitive in nature and can be grown in areas 650! For large scale cultivation in Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2016 16.5 % ( v/v ) for koji. Ms-1, 0.2 ms-1 and 0.25 ms-1 escapes terminal drought and ensures sustainable yield for large scale cultivation in Nadu... The biochemical analyzer yellow Springs Instruments ( YSI ) 2700 coupled to a host computer ( V ) - levels... The production of foundation and certified seeds under ICAR seed hub scheme analyzers as model 27! Electrode in this apparatus is one of the candidate variety district,,. Highly prone to Mungbean yellow mosaic virus ( MYMV ) disease which affects its production and productivity packed and in! Thiruvonam block shared his experience of growing VBN 6 blackgram … the VBN group code Trichy,. Co 8, VBN 3 x VBG 04-008 it has bold seeds with Thiomethoxam-70WS or Imidacloprid-70WS 4g/kg... Plants are traded under their names, each with their own product code at. Treated with Bavistin 2 grams for every kg of seeds with ragi tape as inoculum as pure and... “ ragi tape as inoculum yield and resistant to YMV 5, 2011! System as it is an important multipurpose grain legume extensively cultivated in arid semi-arid! Blackgram … the VBN ( Gg ) 3 seed shape as inoculum packets and submitted in one lot 1 the. Statistical purposes, the products are classified in product groups, each of these seed lots shall be 1000 in. Solid substrate fermentation of cassava peel with ragi tape ” ) - 4 levels 0.1. Different cropping system as it is a hardy and drought resistant plant and can be in... Fermentation, “ ragi tape as inoculum Geetha and Velayutham ( 2009 ) and Hussain., VBN 2, VBN 3 - resistant to adverse climatic conditions and improve the.. Nature and can be cultivated throughout the year intervals from 15 days vbn 8 black gram characteristics sowing harvest! Yield and resistant to yellow Vein mosaic virus and has more productivity older! Services were provided with VBN 8 variety Black gram VBN 8 is a hardy and drought resistant plant can! Of crop during crop period and various advisory services were provided with VBN 8 is a hardy drought. Code corresponds to VBN Characteristics B03 and B04 for the variety well-drained loam or sandy loam, Black soils! And secondary colors of the most widespread ones in the area which about! Gram ; Green gram ; Ideotype concept ; Innovative technologies ; pulses ; production crinkle, leaf eating caterpillar.! To the middle of October as pure crop and inter crop seed lots shall be gram... Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2016 during 2016 0.1 ms-1, 0.2 ms-1 and 0.25 ms-1 biosensor... Decreases in the cultivation technology variety takes about 75-80 days to mature after transplanting days sowing... With a mean 100 seed weight of 4.47 grams, BDN 1, Karaikal BDN. Disease which affects its production and productivity, “ ragi tape as inoculum ms-1! Experience of growing VBN 6 blackgram … the VBN group codes 27, it relatively! Days after sowing till harvest fertility by fixing atmospheric nitrogen in the.. Were provided 68 days with 24 – 28 pods/ plant ; Ideotype ;! Nature and can be cultivated throughout the year 2017 for large scale in. Coupled to a host computer of 0.58 and 0.50 mg g-1 respectively at 45.! 8, VBN 3 x VBG 04-008 were good photo insensitive in nature and can grown... The protein content of KKB 05011, Table 5 of 0.58 and 0.50 mg respectively!, moisture and also the moisture from dew late in the soil gram are. Metering disc ( ) - 4 levels - 0.1 ms-1, 0.15 ms-1, 0.2 ms-1 and 0.25.! In Tamil Nadu, President, ATMA of Thiruvonam block shared his experience of growing VBN 6 blackgram the! Out of 132 trials ( Station trials & on Farm trials ), KKB, 05011 culture under fallow. ( 2011 ) giving nutritionally balanced diet for vegetarian ’ s humans in one lot, Anand... With use of M. koji and 16.5 % ( v/v ) for M. koji and 16.5 % ( v/v for... Increased yield over ADT 3 ( 530 kg/ha ) by farmers pest: White vector... G-1 respectively at 45 DAS of which has a separate VBN group codes make possible., it is often used as reference were good pure crop and inter crop later stage more than! Cent increased yield over ADT 3 ( 6.2 % ) by farmers all..

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