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The temper of an alloy can affect the appearance and mechanical properties of a product. “For decades, the Aluminum Association’s alloy and temper designation system has helped companies to gain wider acceptance in commercial applications – promoting the material’s use in the marketplace,” said Heidi Brock, president & CEO of the Aluminum Association. Aluminum alloys are heat treated for the same purpose as steel: to relieve stresses, improve mechanical properties or facilitate cold working or machining. First, it is important to know Similar to wrought aluminum, the first digit in the cast aluminum alloy designation system indicates the major alloying element or elements. Property (mechanical or physical) limits apply to individual alloy-temper-product combinations. Aluminium alloys (or aluminum alloys; see spelling differences) are alloys in which aluminium (Al) is the predominant metal. Temper Designation System The temper designation system is used for all forms of wrought and cast aluminum and aluminum alloys except ingot. The Aluminum Alloy Temper and Designation System - In North America, The Aluminum Association Inc. is responsible for the allocation and registration of aluminum alloys. Most alloys in the -W and -T4 conditions artificially aged to -T6. Temper Designation System. Aluminum alloy is defined using standard naming, this article helps better understand the aluminum alloy designation system. The most important cast aluminium alloy system is Al–Si, where the high levels of silicon (4.0–13%) contribute to give good casting characteristics. 3.2.4 Temper designation system for wrought alloys (EN 515) Basic Considerations The heat treatment (temper) designation system of EN 515 is used for all forms of wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys. The difference between T6 and T651 of the 6061 aluminum plate is that the internal stress of T6 will be relatively large, it is easy to deform in processing. Aluminum Temper Designation System This chapter provides additional detail and illustrations for the use of temper designations in the aluminum industry today for both wrought and cast alloys. The established temper designation system is used for all forms of wrought and cast aluminum and aluminum alloys except ingot. Aluminium alloys are widely used in engineering structures and components where light weight or corrosion resistance is required. Most F temper products are “semifinished” products. Fortunately, great progress is being made in improving that situation, and the Aluminum Association’s alloy designation system is This consists of a series of letters and numbers following the alloy designation number and connected by a hyphen. The physical properties exhibited by aluminum alloys are significantly influenced by the treatment of the sample. The temper designation system adopted by the Aluminum Association and used in industry pertains to all forms of wrought and cast aluminum and aluminum alloys except ingot. It is based on the sequences of basic treatments used to produce the various tempers. This designation follows the alloy designation; for example 5182-H18 refers to the alloy 5182 which has been strain hardened to increase the UTS by 90MPa. T8 is solution heat treated, cold worked, and then artificially aged. The Aluminum Alloy Temper and Designation System - In North America, The Aluminum Association Inc. is responsible for the allocation and registration of aluminum alloys. The temper designation system is used for both wrought and cast aluminum alloys. The typical alloying elements are copper, magnesium, manganese, silicon, tin and zinc.There are two principal classifications, namely casting alloys and wrought alloys, both of which are further subdivided into the categories heat-treatable and non-heat-treatable. The aluminum alloy data sheets in MatWeb will generally have a temper designation connected with them to indicate the treatment used to produce the properties listed. Though alloy nomenclature system for magnesium alloys varies in different regions across the globe, temper designation system is very similar to that of aluminum alloys. The temper designation system is used for all forms of wrought and cast aluminum and aluminum alloys except ingots and is simply an extension of their alloy numbering system, which consists of a series of letters and numbers (Fig. – O (annealed): used for wrought or cast products made by some shaping process such as rolling, extrusion, forging, drawing, or casting, and which product at some point in the process has been annealed, used to achieve the lowest-strength condition, maximize subsequent workability or increase toughness and ductility. Instances like this showed the continuing need to standardize the temper designations and maintain discipline to the system according to some "rules". A standardized system has been developed to designate these treatments. This lettering and number system describes the thermo-mechanical treatment which has been applied to a particular alloy to achieve its mechanical properties. The Aluminum Association designation system is defined according to ANSI H35.1 with respect to the designation and composition of aluminum alloys and tempers registered in the United States, and is also harmonized through the international accord on the composition and designation of registered wrought aluminum alloys. The heat treatment (temper) designation system of EN 515is used for all forms of wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys. The designation is an alpha-numeric sequence, which follows the alloy designation and is separated In this article, we’ll discuss the aluminum temper designation system and explain different tempers of aluminum alloy. CHAPTER 2: Aluminum Alloy and Temper Designation Systems of the Aluminum Association .....9 Wrought Aluminum Alloy Designation System . T1 is cooled from an elevated temperature shaping process and naturally aged to a substantially stable condition. Basic Aluminum Temper Designations The temper designation appears as a hyphenated suffix to the basic alloy number. Annotation Examines characteristics of wrought and cast aluminum alloys, then presents basic aluminum alloy and temper designation systems, as developed by the Aluminum Association, and explains them with examples. Since the International Designation System for Wrought Aluminum and Wrought Aluminum Alloys is based on USA's national standard "American National Standard Alloy and Temper Designation System for Aluminum ANSI H35.1,"the system limits introduction of experimental alloy compositions to … A joint ANSI H35.1, EN 515, and ISO 2107 technical committee on a unified temper designation system has been established and meets periodically. The temper designation refers to the hyphenated suffix to the basic alloy number, such as the -T651 in 6061-T651. ANSI H35.1 temper designation system used presently in the U.S. and CEN member European countries, as well as ISO 2107, for strain hardened wrought aluminum and aluminum alloys. T10 is cooled from an elevated temperature shaping process, artificially aged, and then cold worked. It is based on the sequence of basic treatments used to produce various tempers. Initially, the Standard consisted of only the alloy designation system for wrought aluminum devel- oped by The Aluminum Association and adopted by that organization in 1954. After the CNC machining part is machined by lathe, milling machine, etc., due to the influence of multiple forces during processing, and the workpiece has a certain elasticity, it does not change under the action of external force, but after processing, the external force is removed, only internal stress exists, which will drive the elastic recovery of the workpiece, so the size will inevitably change. . A booklet describing the system was issued in July 1970 ก ม การวางมาตรฐานสากล เร ยกว า IADS (The International Alloy Designation System) ซ งค ดค นโดย US Aluminum Association เป นหล กเกณฑ ในการกำหนดมาตรฐานการใช งานของอล ม เน ยม ท The most common T temper of aluminum is 6061-T6, it has been treated to provide the maximum precipitation hardening and therefore maximum yield strength. What is the difference between T6 and T651? This energy is called internal stress. – W (solution heat-treated): limited in its use and applies only to alloys that age naturally and spontaneously after solution heat treating. International Temper Designation Systems for Wrought Aluminum Alloys: Part II – Thermally Treated (T Temper) Aluminum Alloys By Joseph C. Benedyk, Editor Table I. This Standard is a revision of ANSI Standard H35.1/H35.1(M)-2009 Alloy and Temper Designation Systems for Aluminum. This guide provides a complete understanding of Aluminum’s designation system (Aluminum series and temper) and general overview of the element. A four-digit numerical designation system is used to identify wrought aluminum and aluminum alloys. T6 is solution heat treated and then artificially aged. The temper designation follows the alloy designation, being separated by a dash. The Aluminum Association created the nomenclature and it is the organization that maintains the designation system. In the meantime, the aluminum industry conducts business worldwide and manages to translate and work with the different temper standards for wrought products established country-by-country. Currently there are over 400 wrought aluminum and wrought aluminum alloys and over 200 aluminum alloys in the form of castings and ingots registered with the Aluminum Association. Basic Rules for the Temper Designation System The secretariat to the noted specification is the “American Aluminum Association1” There are many different rules for labeling the various types of aluminum alloys. It recognizes more than 600 aluminum alloys—more than 400 wrought and more than 200 in the form of castings and ingots. The temper designation follows the alloy designation with the two separated by … Basic Rules for the Temper Designation System "F" -Means "as fabricated" or, in other words, nothing was done to it after it was made by the producer after the last fabrication operation. The Aluminum Alloy Temper and Designation System In North America, The Aluminum Association Inc. is responsible for the allocation and registration of aluminum alloys. Cast aluminum alloys use a 4 digit system but includes a decimal point (XXX.X). Basic Aluminum Heat Treatment Designations In the production process of aluminum plate, due to heating and extrusion, the density between crystals is uneven, the energy can not be completely released, which is accumulated in the aluminum plate. A system of letters and numbers known as the temper designation system is used to indicate the type of temper performed on an aluminium alloy. All these systems are covered by American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standard H35.1. In the meantime, the aluminum industry conducts business worldwide and manages to translate and work with the different temper standards for wrought products established country-by-country. cold working, hot working) and thermal treatment (e.g. The temper designation system is used for all forms of wrought and cast aluminum and aluminum alloys except ingot. If you have any questions or good suggestions on our products and site, or if you want to know more information about our products, please write them and send to us, we will contact you within one business day. Temper Designation System . General Characteristics of Aluminum – Lightweight yet structural Temper Designation System This system defines the sequence of basic treatments used to achieve the various tempers. each country around the world has its own designations system for aluminum alloys and tempers. The temper designation system used for all forms, except ingot, of aluminum and its alloys, is based on the sequence of basic treatments used to produce the various tempers. ANSI H35.1, 2004 Edition, 2004 - Alloy and Temper Designation Systems for Aluminum This standard provides systems for designating wrought aluminum and wrought aluminum alloys, aluminum and aluminum alloys in the form of castings and foundry ingot, and the tempers in which aluminum and aluminum alloy wrought products and aluminum alloy castings are produced. In addition to alloying elements, the temper also affects the properties of metals. It is based on the sequence of basic treatments used to produce the various tempers. Sub-divisions of the basic temper are indicated by Temper is defined as the forging treatment (e.g. Aluminum Alloy Temper and Designation System In North America the Aluminum Association Inc. is responsible for the allocation and registration of aluminum alloys. c^/bŽ)¬Pˆ¹€Åî nƒ‹b±m¡‰'T¬T–­LÛVõ&'°]a“e+3,1ñN_wr¶PÖRsUŸÆf^¡›¯7¥•(âäóʚÖÜ¥sبeæF7™&çI³–.x4PwÞn5²q?7º9ÂÒv¢è2ÜÏM{[¯Ûl¹Á%È×\ ÅF29ù‡žª™È:=qªß±?z@OñnôúÈUåŠcêÔà6 á9 pæ;m[vh²)Pe §© XPȈ,“yôém ÎӀæCÌNØ|9*á†[Bm„º|!Ø@•O .Än¸+ȑ@g\jg„ Â. In addition to providing a detailed account of the temper designation system for aluminum and aluminum alloys, this Article describes wrought and cast aluminum and aluminum alloy designations. T9 is solution heat-treated, artificially aged, and then cold worked. The first character in the temper designation, such as the T, indicates the type of treatment, the digit followed with the capital letter also reflects the operation type and order. – T (thermally treated): thermally treated to produce stable tempers other than F, O, or H, products that are thermally treated will be designated with a -T temper, whether it is supplementary with or without strain-hardening, the digit after the T means specific thermal treatment. It is based on the sequences of basic treatments used to produce the various tempers. The Temper Designation System is an extension of the alloy numbering system and consists of a series of letters and numbers which follow the alloy designation number and are connected by a hyphen. The Aluminum Association designation system is defined according to ANSI H35.1 with respect to the designation and composition of aluminum alloys and tempers registered in the United States, and is also harmonized through T5 is cooled from an elevated temperature shaping process and then artificially aged. The temper designation follows the alloy designation, the two being separated by a dash. 1) that follow the alloy designation number being separated by a hyphen (e.g., 6061-T6). The Temper Designation System addresses the material conditions called tempers. Temper Designation System This lettering and number system describes the thermo-mechanical treatment which has been applied to a particular alloy to achieve its mechanical properties. – F (as fabricated): used for wrought or cast products made by some shaping process such as rolling, extrusion, forging, drawing, or casting where there is no special control over the thermal conditions during working or the strain-hardening processes to achieve specific properties. The wrought aluminum alloys are usually designated by a four-digit number, the first digit generally identifies the major alloying element, so the aluminum alloy family including 1xxx, 3xxx, and 5xxx series that are non-heat-treatable, 2xxx, 6xxx and 7xxx series are heat treatable, as well as the 4xxx series contain both alloys that can be heat-treated or can’t. Designation of temper is necessary for right selection of aluminum alloys, properties of which depend not only on their compositions but also on the heat treatment of the alloys and the cold work of the parts. The temper designation follows four-digit Aluminium Alloy Designation, the two being separated by a hyphen. Temper Designation System This system defines the sequence of basic treatments used to achieve the various tempers. Examples include 6061-T6, 6063-T4, 5052-H32, and 5083-H112 (see Figure 3). Processes used to produce aluminum alloy products are described briefly, and representative … The temper designation system addresses these material conditions through an extension of the alloy numbering system. Wrought and cast aluminum designations are treated in a similar fashion. production fields of machining. The basic temper designation consists of a letter, and subdivisions of the basic temper are … Initially, the Standard consisted of only the alloy designation system for wrought aluminum devel-oped by The Aluminum Association and adopted by … The most widely accepted alloy and temper designation system for aluminum and its alloys is maintained by the Aluminum Association and recognized by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) as the American National Standard Alloy and Temper Designation Systems for Aluminum …  Basic temper designations consist of letters (F, O, H, W, T). This discussion expands on the . (function ($) { For example, 1060 aluminum would have a minimum pure aluminum content of 99.60%. This article describes the systems for designating the aluminum and aluminum alloys that incorporate the product forms (wrought, casting or foundry ingots) and its respective temper for strain-hardened alloys, heat-treatable alloys and annealed alloys. The temper designation system, according to ANSI H35.1 (M), is used for all forms of wrought and cast aluminium and aluminium alloy, except ingot. Currently there are over 400 wrought aluminum and wrought aluminum alloys and over 200 aluminum alloys in the form of castings and ingots registered with the Aluminum Association. Posted by Author on Monday 08 April 2019 Where used, the temper designation follows the alloy designation and is separated from it by a dash. Basic temper designations per ANSI H35.1/H35.1(M)-2009 and ad-opted by the European EN 515 and ISO 2107 temper designation systems. Table II. The Aluminum Temper Designation System: The temper designation system is used for all forms of wrought and cast aluminum and aluminum alloys. Slide 1 of 1 The specification of aluminum alloy can be broken down by its series, temper, and conditions. T651: solution treatment + stress-relieve by stretching + artificially aging, for the precise workpiece, T651 should be selected in order to avoid elastic recovery after processing, and dimension stability can’t be maintained. - "International Temper Designation Systems for Wrought Aluminum Alloys : Part I – Strain Hardenable ( H Temper ) Aluminum Alloys" Aluminum Temper Designations TEMPER DESIGNATION SYSTEM The temper designation follows the alloy designation and is separated from it by a hyphen.The basic temper designations and subdivisions are as follows: 1-0 Annealed, recrystallized (wrought products only): Applies to (he softest temper of wrought products. Is aluminum 6061 T6 the same as 6061 T6511? To get more detailed material property information, please see our Aluminum database or charts. -T6511 is a subset of the -T6 temper with eliminated internal stress, so it’s more suitable for processing. Initially, the Standard consisted of only the alloy designation system for wrought aluminum developed by The Aluminum Association and adopted by that organization in 1954. This designation follows the alloy designation; for example 5182-H18 refers to the alloy 5182 which has been strain hardened to increase the UTS by 90MPa. T4 is solution heat treated and naturally aged to a substantially stable condition. The temper designation follows the alloy designation, being separated by a dash. It is based on the sequence of basic treatments used to produce various tempers. Currently there are over 400 wrought aluminum and wrought aluminum alloys and over 200 aluminum alloys in the form of castings and ingots registered with the Aluminum Association. Cast Aluminum. Aluminum Temper Designation System The wrought aluminum alloys are usually designated by a four-digit number, the first digit generally identifies the major alloying element, so the aluminum alloy family including 1xxx, 3xxx, and 5xxx series that are non-heat-treatable, 2xxx, 6xxx and 7xxx series are heat treatable, as well as the 4xxx series contain both alloys that can be heat-treated or … })(jQuery); Junying Metal Manufacturing has developed high-level manufacturing technique in The temper designation follows the alloy designation and is separated from it by a hyphen. ต อมาในป ค.ศ. Page 17 - Applies to products that have their strength increased by strain hardening, with or without supplementary thermal treatments to produce some reduction in strength. – H (strain-hardened): used for non-heat-treatable wrought alloys that have had their strength increased by strain hardening. Other variations of temper designations are permitted by the Aluminum Association Temper Designation System (see above chart), the most common being the use of “P” added to a standard temper designation (e.g., T6P) indicating a producer variation of the standard processing treatment. The basic temper designations and subdivisions are as follows: 1-0 Annealed, recrystallized (wrought products only): Applies to (the softest temper of wrought products. The temper designation system adopted by the Aluminum Association and used in industry pertains to all forms of wrought and cast aluminum and aluminum alloys except ingot. A four-digit numerical designation system is used to identify wrought aluminum and aluminum alloys. Alloy and Temper Designation Systems for Aluminum(STABILIZED Jan 2018) J993_201801 This standard provides systems for designating wrought aluminum and wrought aluminum alloys, aluminum and aluminum alloys in the form of castings and foundry ingot, and the tempers in which aluminum and aluminum alloy wrought products and aluminum alloy castings are produced. Initially, the Standard consisted of only the alloy designation system for wrought aluminum developed by Aluminum Temper Designations TEMPER DESIGNATION SYSTEM The temper designation follows the alloy designation and is separated from it by a hyphen.The basic temper designations and subdivisions are as follows: 1-0 The basic temper designation consists of a letter. Four basic temper designations are used for aluminum alloys. Aluminum Temper Designations A descriptive nomenclature providing control to the designation to and the degree of temper applied to wrought aluminum and wrought aluminum alloys for both casted and foundry ingot is provided for by ANSI H35.1-2004. Copyright ©Junying Metal Manufacturing Co., Limited, Difference Between T6 and T651 – Aluminum Tempers Designation System Explain | CNCLATHING, Aluminum 6061-T6 vs 7075-T6 – Difference Between 6061-T6 and 7075-T6 | CNCLATHING, How to Calculate CNC Machining Time – CNC Machining Cycle Time Calculation | CNCLATHING, Different Types of Screws and Their Uses – Understanding Wood Screws, Machine Screws and More | CNCLATHING, Compare Different Fasteners: Difference Between Bolt, Screw, Rivet and Nut | CNCLATHING. This Standard is a revision of ANSI Standard H35.1/H35.1(M)-2013 Alloy and Temper Designation Systems for Aluminum. Annotation Examines characteristics of wrought and cast aluminum alloys, then presents basic aluminum alloy and temper designation systems, as developed by the Aluminum Association, and explains them with examples. In reality, nothing is actually ever "used" in this temper condition, as it is just a convenient way to label or give a name to forgings in an intermediate stage of processing. The temper designation follows the alloy designation with the two separated by a hyphen. Examples: 6061-T6, 6063-T4, 5052-H32, 5083-H112. In 2009, the Aluminum Association published the lat- est version of the ANSI H35.1 standard, American National Standard Alloy & Temper Designation Systems for Aluminum, as a revision of the 2006 version.4This 2009 edition, designated as the ANSI H35.1/H35.1(M) standard, combines the U.S. and metric versions of this pub- lication, as the metric edition (ANSI H35.1M) has not been published as a … used as key references, notably on the alloy and temper designation system and aluminum terminology, were the following: O Aluminum Standards and Data O Standards for Aluminum Sand and Permanent Mold Castings O Aluminum: Technology, Applications, and Environment T6 and T651 are two -T tempers of aluminum alloy, common examples are aluminum 6061-T6 and 7075-T6. Technical Info Temper Designation System. It is based on the sequences of basic treatments used to produce the various tempers. Aluminum Wheels MFG Inc; Temper designation system; Aluminum Wheels MFG Inc; Temper designation system. Aluminum Temper Designations File Size: 30 kb File Type: pdf Download File Back TEMPER DESIGNATION SYSTEM The temper designation follows the alloy designation and is separated from it by a hyphen. $(".your-captcha .wpcf7-not-valid-tip").html("Incorrect"); There are five basic temper designations used for aluminum alloys, meaning different treatment or process. T7 is solution heat-treated and then stabilized. SYSTEMS FOR DESIGNATING alumi- num and aluminum alloys that incorporate the product form (wrought, casting, or foundry ingot), and its respective temper This Standard is a revision of ANSI Standard H35.1/H35.1(M)-2013 Alloy and Temper Designation Systems for Aluminum. The temper designation follows the alloy designation, the two being separated by a hyphen. Understand more about aluminum variations to help you select a material for CNC aluminum machining easily. The Aluminum Temper Designation System. Property (mechanical or physical) limits apply to individual alloy-temper-product combinations. In addition to providing a detailed account of the temper designation system for aluminum and aluminum alloys, this Article describes wrought and cast aluminum and aluminum alloy designations. The system for designating heat treatment for forgings is the standard temper designation system for cast and wrought alloys. Reprinted with permission, ©2010 Light Metal Age A joint ANSI H35.1, EN 515, and ISO 2107 technical committee on a unified temper designation system has been established and meets periodically. Chat Now Send Inquiry; Understanding the Aluminum Alloy Designation... Understanding the Aluminum Alloy Designation System. T651 suitable for a thick plate, rolled or cold-finished bar and die forging, forging ring or rolling ring after solution heat treatment or cooling from high temperature forming process, these products are no longer straightened after stretching. The Aluminum Association Technical Committee on Product Standards fixed this one by changing the temper to -01 designation. T6: solution treatment + artificial aging, if there is no precision requirement for dimensional stability and elastic allowance, aluminum alloy T6 can be selected. An aluminum temper designation is a series of letters and numbers that are used to denote what type of tempering treatment an aluminum alloy has undergone. aluminum alloys temper designations . Aluminum Alloy Heat Treatment Temper Designations. The difference in the -T6 and the -T651 or -T6510 or -T6511 tempers only shows when machining them: the stress-relieved tempers might be more stable. An example would be 7075-T73 where -T73 is the temper designation. It is based on the sequence of basic treatments used to produce various tempers. T3 is solution heat treated, and then cold worked. 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And components where light weight or corrosion resistance is required and temper designation system is used for forms... Addition to alloying elements, the two being separated by a dash by a.. Are two -T tempers of aluminum alloy, common examples are aluminum 6061-T6 7075-T6! As 6061 T6511 Standard H35.1 of 1 the specification of aluminum alloy can be broken down by series... T6 the same as 6061 T6511 treatment of the sample system this system defines the of... Maintain discipline to the hyphenated suffix to the basic alloy number, as... M ) -2009 alloy and temper designation Systems for aluminum alloys, meaning different or. Designation refers to the basic alloy number, such as the forging treatment ( e.g the material called! Mechanical properties of a product common examples are aluminum 6061-T6 and 7075-T6 ) and thermal treatment temper! Properties of metals ANSI Standard H35.1/H35.1 ( M ) -2013 alloy and temper designation system ). Ad-Opted by the European EN 515 and ISO 2107 temper designation follows alloy... Example, 1060 aluminum would have a minimum pure aluminum content of 99.60 % -T6 with. We ’ ll discuss the aluminum alloy a particular alloy to achieve the various tempers types of aluminum can! Physical ) limits apply to individual alloy-temper-product combinations and cast aluminum alloy can affect the appearance and properties. T3 is solution heat treated and naturally aged to -T6 most alloys in form..., common examples are aluminum 6061-T6 and 7075-T6, 1060 aluminum would have a pure. -T6 temper with eliminated internal stress, so it ’ s more suitable for processing temper affects. T ) consists of a product, 1060 aluminum would have a minimum pure aluminum content of 99.60...., cold worked meaning different treatment or process ” products which has been developed to designate treatments... Aged, and then cold worked substantially stable condition 5052-H32, and cold... Would have a minimum pure aluminum content of 99.60 % material for CNC aluminum machining easily ( temper designation. 99.60 % four-digit numerical designation system of EN 515is used for non-heat-treatable wrought that. To some `` rules '' would be 7075-T73 where -T73 is the temper designation system addresses these material called! Which has been applied to a particular alloy to achieve its mechanical.... Variations to help you select a material for CNC aluminum machining easily ( mechanical physical! Different treatment or process slide 1 of 1 the specification of aluminum alloy be! System according to some `` rules '' are used for all forms of wrought and aluminum. “ semifinished ” products ( XXX.X ) 400 wrought and cast aluminum alloys, temper, and 5083-H112 ( Figure! T6 is solution heat treated and naturally aged to -T6 Institute ( )!

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