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Lange's photographs influenced the development of documentary photography and humanized the consequences of the Great Depression. In 1953–54 Lange worked with Edward Steichen on “The Family of Man,” an exhibition organized by the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York in 1955. (In 1937, the RA would become the Farm Security Administration, or FSA.) In 1935, she joined the Farm Security Administration and reported on living conditions in rural areas. Our site uses technology that is not supported by your browser, so it may not work correctly. Dorothea Lange studied photography at Columbia University in New York City under Clarence H. White, a member of the Photo-Secession group, an influential group of American photographers led by Alfred Stieglitz that worked to have photography accepted as a fine art. Her Manzanar photographs depict the early days of camp when barracks were being constructed, classrooms were … This record is a work in progress. Later, Lange accompanied Taylor to Asia, where she continued to take photographs, including ones of the legs, feet, and hands of dancers in Indonesia; she also traveled to Ireland for LIFE magazine. Dorothea Lange was a seminal American documentary photographer. This resulted in White Angel Bread Line, San Francisco, a photograph of a man turned away from the hungry crowd, his interlaced hands and set jaw often taken as representative of a collective despair. In 1942, with the United States recently entered into World War II, the government’s War Relocation Authority assigned her to document the wartime internment of Japanese Americans, a policy she strongly opposed. Pictures such as White Angel Breadline (1932), showing the desperate condition of these men, were publicly exhibited and received immediate recognition both from the public and from other photographers, especially members of Group f.64. Lange studied photography under Clarence H. White in New York at the Columbia University.She did many informal apprenticeships at studios of photography in New York, including Arnold Genthe.She shifted to San Francisco in 1918 and the next year she opened her own studio for portrait photography. From 1917-1919, Lange started out as an independent portrait photographer in San Francisco, but soon began photographing the homeless in order to bring attention to their plight. Corrections? “Every image he sees, every photograph he takes, … It lives in a world of its own.” 2 Against this trend, she urged photographers to reconnect with the world—a call reflective of her own ethos and working method, which coupled an attention to aesthetics with a central concern for the documentary. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In … Documentary photographer Dorothea Lange is best known for her work during the 1930s with Roosevelt's Farm Security Administration (FSA). … An early case of polio brought a permanent handicap in one of her limbs; also having survived childhood abandonment by her father, Lange was strong and deeply compassionate. Dorothea Lange, “The Assignment I’ll Never Forget,” Popular Photography 46 (February, 1960). Finally, in the year leading up to her death in 1965, Lange spent much of her time working on an exhibition of her work to be held at MoMA the following year. Following a move to the West she became one of the great portrait photographers of San Francisco’s upper crust. These photographs also led to a commission in 1935 from the federal Resettlement Administration (later called the Farm Security Administration [FSA]). Mexican migrant worker, Imperial Valley, California, 1937; photograph by Dorothea Lange. On March 10, 1936, two of Lange’s photographs of the Nipomo pea pickers’ camp were published in The San Francisco News under the headline “Ragged, Hungry, Broke, Harvest Workers Live in Squallor [sic].” The photograph that became known as Migrant Mother was published in the paper the following day, on March 11, accompanying the editorial “What Does the ‘New Deal’ Mean To This Mother and Her Children?” The same day, the Los Angeles Times reported that the State Relief Administration would deliver food rations to 2,000 itinerant fruit pickers in Nipomo the next day. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Over the next 10 years she traveled the world, photographically documenting countries throughout Asia, notably South Asia, the Middle East, and South America. If you would like to publish text from MoMA’s archival materials, please fill out this permission form and send to [email protected]. But, compassion is not to be the only word used to describe her, her photography and her life. FSA director Roy Stryker considered her most famous portrait, Migrant Mother, Nipomo, California (1936), to be the iconic representation of the agency’s agenda. Every photograph is a self-portrait. Dorothea Lange Retrospective At NY MOMA Reopens Online : The Picture Show The American photographer intimately documented the upheavals of the Great Depression. In New York have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) 1895-1965 ) has been called America greatest! Classifying her photographs and the Circulating film and video Library copyright holders news... Voices they drew in as art: she made critical images, which the suppressed! For Japanese Americans ; photograph by dorothea Lange Retrospective at NY MoMA Reopens Online the. Film stills please contact the film collection and the voices they drew in Hoboken, New Jersey, began... 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