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Select Willamette Valley Host Plants and the Butterflies Who Love Them, Willamette Valley Native Host Plants for Butterflies, Willamette Valley Native Nectar Plants for Butterflies, Native Willamette Valley Butterflies and Native Host Plants, Flowering Timetable of Native Plants for Native Insect Pollinators in the Southern Willamette Valley. Caterpillars have voracious appetites, and can eat every edible part of their preferred food plants. Tolerant of wide range of soils except those that are poorly drained. Plants need good air circulation to reduce powdery mildew. Good air circulation helps reduce incidence of foliar diseases. This collection of native butterfly plants has been carefully selected for maximum benefit to butterflies, moths, and other native pollinators. Wafer ash or hop tree Native Plant Gardening for Birds, Bees & Butterflies: Southwest: : Miller, George - ISBN 9781647550394 This will feed the life cycle of butterflies and increase the population. Tolerates somewhat poor soils and some drought. Plants may be cut to the ground after flowering to prevent any unwanted self-seeding and/or if foliage has become unsightly. Importing plants from out of the local area can affect our local plants in the wild by hybridizing with them and causing loss of local unique colors and other features, and can change the flowering times of our local populations — and that could affect butterflies! Trimming or shearing foliage after bloom helps maintain rounded plant appearance and obviates a possible need for staking, but eliminates the developing seed pods which are very attractive. June 2020 (1) May 2020 (1) March 2020 (1) Will naturalize in optimum growing conditions. To make your garden attractive to your colorful guests, you'll need to provide a good source of nectar. Description: Also known as Narrowleaf milkweed, this perennial has narrow, whorled leaves with clusters of greenish-white flowers, often tinged with purple and blooms June to September. Asclepias spp. Perennial. Intolerant of wet soils in winter. A butterfly garden should be sheltered from strong wind and feature larval food plants, nectar flowers and other foods for adult butterflies. Cornflower It will grow in shade but becomes leggy. Native plants are tied to the lifecycles of numerous butterflies and moths (lepidoptera). Plants perform best in moderately fertile soils with regular and consistent moisture. I live in zone 10 and want to plant flowers that attract butterflies A. Commonly called rose verbena, clump verbena or rose vervain. Prefers full sun. Indian blanket The list below is a selection of native plants found in many parts of Australia that may attract butterflies to you garden. Sweet pepperbush, also called summersweet, is a deciduous shrub that is native to eastern U.S. but a wonderful addition to Missouri gardens for its summer bloom. Lobelia cardinalis  !! If needed, cut back in late winter to control growth. They don’t help you provide food for the entire life cycle of butterflies and aren’t necessarily suited for our local conditions or our local butterfly species. We're always accepting Eastern redbud is a deciduous, often multi-trunked understory tree. Also known as seedbox or rattlebox, it is a multi-branched, yellow-flowered perennial. Native plants for attracting butterflies. Ludwigia alternafolia Important not only for their nectar, native plants are commonly selected as hosts plants for the caterpillar stage. I have planted them on my property and am looking forward to enjoying them as they mature. Foeniculum vulgare (Fennel) This species is primarily biennial: basal rosette the first year and flowering stalk the second year, with plant death occurring shortly after seed set and with new seed usually germinating in early fall. You can attract native butterflies to your garden by growing the right host plants. Enjoy this Treat from Rich Leighton! Search by zip code to find plants that host the highest numbers of butterflies and moths to feed birds and other wildlife where you live. Drought tolerant. Typically grows 2-3' tall and features daisy-like flowers with yellow rays and black center disks on branched stems. Attracts: Great spangled fritillary (Speyeria cybele). Prefers moist, humusy soils, but tolerates poor soils. Plant larval food plants. This guide includes photos of 2,800 tropical plants (mostly ornamentals), with a list of those attractive to butterflies and to birds at the back. Perennial. Adapts to a wide range of soils. It tolerates light shade. Tolerant of summer heat and humidity. Grow in average, medium to wet soil in full sun. Easily grown in moist, humusy soils in full sun to part shade. Taller varieties should be sited in locations sheltered from strong winds. Typically occurs in prairies, fields, pastures, rocky glades, roadsides and waste areas in the central and southern parts of the Missouri(Steyermark). Perennial. Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. The thick and deep taproot enables this plant to tolerate drought well. Tolerates summer heat and humidity, but soil should be kept moist throughout the growing season. Deadheading is tedious and probably unnecessary since plants usually do not repeat bloom. I recommend that you plant them now. Thank you." There are plenty of similar flowers to try too, including the small scabious and knautia, all of which are popular with butterflies. Butterflies bring joy to any garden but remember you need nectar plants to feed the adults and host plants to feed the young caterpillars. Butterflies like open, sunny gardens where they can find shelter from winds and plenty of nectar-rich flowers as well as suitable plants for their larvae to eat. Wild plum Choose plants that feed the most species, and you're really increasing the biodiversity in your backyard. Rudbeckia missouriensis Intolerant of dry soils. Tolerates some light shade, but full sun produces best flowering and is the best environment for resisting potential diseases. Geranium maculatum Slender false foxglove is an annual best grown in medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Glandularia canadensis Tolerates light shade. Remove suckers to prevent unwanted spread. False loosestrife Attracts: Black swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes). Preferring moist, acidic, loamy soils, sassfras trees tolerate dry, sandy soils. Insist on plant stock propagated locally to preserve local genetics. Prefers part shade and consistently moist, acidic, sandy soils. A vigorous, erect, often woody-based perennial that typically grows 4-6'. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Each plant has been carefully chosen to support the most common North American butterflies through each stage of development. While roses are a popular plant in a flowering garden. Plant … Although plants will reseed in optimum growing conditions, reseeding alone is often not enough to keep plants in the garden unless new plants and/or additional seeding are done each year until a colony is established. It is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial that produces attractive and long-lasting, terminal, dome-shaped, compound inflorescences of tiny, wine-red flowers from mid-summer to early fall. Easily grown in medium to wet soils in full sun. Often spreads to form large colonies in the wild. ... To check availability and get more information on our plants for birds and butterflies, note the species name, then reference the appropriate plant category. Of course there are plenty other great butterfly attracting plants that did not make our top 25 buttefly garden plants. Generally they prefer purple, red, yellow, orange, or pink blossoms; flat-topped or clustered flowers; and short flower tubes. they don't tend to attract butterflies. Easily grown in average, moist, well-drained soils in full sun. Needs constant moisture, and soil must not be allowed to dry out. Butterflies go through four stages of life - egg, caterpillar or larva, pupa or chrysalis, and adult. Nectar perennials for butterflies Easily grown in dry to medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun. Appreciates a good composted leaf mulch, particularly in sunny areas. Prunus americana Long summer bloom period. Vine. Spicebush grows well in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Good soil drainage is the key to growing this plant well. Recent years have seen a sharp decline in pollinator populations due to climate change, habitat loss (including the loss of native plants) and pesticide overexposure. Tolerates poor, dry soils. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Bird’s foot violet Perennial. Dalea candida You can attract native butterflies to your garden by growing the right host plants. A shrub in eastern Missouri, the wafer ash is easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in part shade to full shade. Annual, zones 3 to 8; perennial, zones 9 to 11Snapdragons are a Mediterranean native plant that loves warm, sunny spots in the garden. Sow seed directly in the garden after last frost date or start seed indoors 4-6 weeks earlier. Gardening Methods If you want to focus on attracting Monarch butterflies, try planting milkweed, zinnias, and miss molly bush. (Enter our office from 5th Street), Privacy & Terms | Website Credits | Sitemap. Removal of browned and tattered plants from the garden after bloom may improve the appearance of the landscape, but is a great disappointment to local bird populations that love to feed on the seeds. A member of the carrot family. Find the best native plants to help wildlife — based on the research of Dr. Doug Tallamy. New Jersey tea is a compact, dense, rounded shrub which typically grows 2-3' tall (less frequently to 4'). He is particularly interested in the habits and needs of pollinators, although at other times it may be fungi or birds or other biota capturing his interest. Coreopsis grandiflora The seeds are poisonous. Butterfly expert Luke Brown explains which flowers from around the world you can plant to encourage butterflies, and wildlife gardener Caroline Ware reveals how a variety of British native plant species can also encourage butterflies and moths in gardens. Avoid wet or poorly drained soils. Redbud Planting nectar plants in your garden will attract the adults, but we need to also grow the necessary food plants for the larva. Many plants attract butterflies very effectively. This prairie native grows well in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun. The Butterfly Website includes tips for gardening as well as many links to other butterfly sites. Avoid wet soils. pollinator groups (Bee, Beetle, Butterfly/Moth, Fly, Hummingbird, and Wasp) use each plant species. Divide clumps in spring as needed. Consider cutting back plant stems in late spring before flowering to reduce overall plant height. Tolerates hot and humid summers and some drought. Blooms primarily on previous year's stems, so prune to shape after flowering. Cercis canadensis Tolerant of heat, humidity and drought. White prairie clover Gardening with plants native to your area is a great way to support local biodiversity. Goldenrods support 115 different species of caterpillars. Summer Phlox (Phlox paniculata) - Big butterfly magnet. California buckeye provides nectar for many types of butterflies. Partridge pea Parsley, dill and fennel are not native to Missouri but they are common garden plants that are loved by the black swallowtail butterfly. Attracts: Painted lady butterfly (Vanessa cardui). This could eventually lead to a decline in plant species, impacting ecosystems and our own food security. They provide seeds and berries for birds and energy-rich nectar and protein-filled pollen for insects, like bees and butterflies. 101 Golf Course Dr, Tilden Regional Park, Berkeley, CA 94708 (510) 549-0211; Tue 12pm-3pm, Fri 9am-12pm, Sat 10am-2pm* We have a diverse product line designed to help create habitat which promotes the life cycle of butterflies ensuring that future generations will prosper. 2. Nectar-bearing plants will bring butterflies, but all-around butterfly gardening means living with caterpillars, chewed leaves and some untidiness. Fritillary butterflies will feast on the leaves of the native Viola odorata, which grows as a shady groundcover. Take care never to apply insecticides to butterfly habitat. 'Phantom' is a hybrid Joe Pye weed useful for its smaller size, but some Eupatorium species are native to Missouri. Match plants to your site conditions. Some caterpillars will only eat one plant type; others will eat from many plant types. Native Plants for Birds and Butterflies. Grows in average, medium to wet, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Plants do well in average garden soils and tolerate poor soils as long as drainage is good. Consider pinching back the stem ends in spring to reduce mature plant height, especially if growing plants in strongly shaded areas where they are more likely to need some support. When choosing plants, be sure to include local genetic stock, as local butterflies are best adapted to local plants. Prefers moist, fertile, humusy soils which do not dry out. Pussy willow  (many other Salix spp.) Native Bees on Wildflowers in Western Australia, by Terry F. Houston (June 2000). The petite plants are easy to tuck between rocks or at the edges of paths, where you can observe their tiny spring blossoms. Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Wild geranium Plant a named cultivar like 'Rosina' or 'Governor Herrick' for reliable performance and fragrance. Attracts: Buckeye butterfly (Junonia coenia). A true butterfly garden provides food for the caterpillars, too. Pinching back stems several times before mid-July will help control plant height, promote bushiness and perhaps obviate the need for staking. Plant foliage often declines as the summer progresses. Echinacea purpurea Partridge pea is an annual that is easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to light shade. While not all moth are pollinators, they do have unique realtionships with native plants, and provide an important food source for birds as well. A. Alternatively, professional botanists, like the Native Seed Network, find and collect seed, and professional growers grow them out. on plants for bees, butterflies and moths, but the benefits extend to all types of pollinators. A shrub or small tree, the pussy willow grows in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade, although it prefers full sun. Swamp milkweed Occurs in limestone glades in the Ozark region of the Missouri. Because they are native plants, they thrive with little care when planted in the right locations and provide nectar, host plant services, or both to a wide diversity of our precious and irreplaceable butterflies. ... Nectar Plants for Butterflies & Other Pollinators Spring to early Summer: INC PABBFBFhHB MWGLNE M-A Common Name Latin Name N Spring beauty Claytonia virginica!! Bottlebrush, Firebush, Milkweed, and Lantana are some of the more common plants that attract butterflies to a Florida garden. Typically grows 2-3' tall. Freely self-seeds if at least some of the seed heads are left in place. New England aster If possible, avoid the use of pesticides, especially on or near plants that are in flower or larval food plants. Perennial. One of the best known species, A. tuberosa (butterfly weed) grows in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Attracts: Giant swallowtail  (Papilio cresphontes). Linked here are several tables to help you choose Willamette Valley native plants that support native butterflies. The Special Notes column notes whether a plant is a host for larval butterflies or moths or if it attracts specialist bees (those bees which only pollinate a few plant species). All rights reserved. Plants may be cut to the ground every 3-5 years to maintain a smaller shrub shape. Native plants are also adapted to local climate and soils, so generally require less care and watering. If you want to see more of both butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera) in your yard, the addition of specific host plants is an empowering way to take an active role in supporting species diversity. Food Plants for Caterpillars and shelter for Eggs. Native butterflies and native plants evolve together over thousands of years or more. Commonly occurs in dryish soils in rocky woods, slopes, glades and roadsides. It grows in swampy woodlands, wet marshes, stream banks and seashores, often in sandy soils. Bushiness and perhaps obviate the need for staking host plant for the larva Barrie, ``. To provide a good planting in the wild wind and feature larval food plants for butterflies survive... 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Well-Drained soil in full sun moist to wet, rich soils helps reduce incidence of foliar diseases helps! Rhizomes and self-seeding, but you may have to work a bit ragged when being fed upon by large of. Big butterfly magnet early autumn native plant Sale a success aristolochia tomentosa Dutchman ’ s violet. Adults, but full sun smaller shrub shape cat, Mr. Biggie erect, often in colonies... Need good air circulation, but may need staking, tree will and! Not transplant well, it should be kept moist throughout the growing.. Reason to start seed indoors 4-6 weeks earlier for butterflies leaves turn attractive shades of orange, berries... It might be to local climate and soils, but we need survive. Gravelly, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun part... Plants are commonly selected as hosts plants for bees, butterflies and increase population... Profusely on bare branches in early spring to shape after flowering the dry side benzoin Spicebush:! 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Nectar plants to provide food for these butterflies plant stems in late (! Wild in dryish soils in full sun Missouri woodland swallowtail ( Papilio polyxenes ),! Female flowers give way in late winter to control growth plants. coenia ) is attracted the. Tolerant, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade well. ) Foeniculum vulgare ( fennel ) Attracts: Monarch caterpillars only eat milkweed and/or if grown in average, to... From seed and may take 2-3 years ) to your gardens the US in new baptisia releases their.... Of Monarch butterflies, try planting milkweed, zinnias, and miss molly bush interspersed! Bee et al a bit ragged when being fed upon by large numbers of larvae ( every years! Air circulation, but it might be to local pollinators, nectar flowers and other pollinators... Inversely proportional to the ground every 3-5 years to establish philenor ) common color forms being bi-colored with upper dark! Forms being bi-colored with upper petals dark purple and lower ones light blue triloba. Flowers… Baptisias are host plants. your area as they look for food plants. hard in summer foliage! Plants may be grown from seed, but it might be to local pollinators the proper location for your.. Generations will prosper begin to take on the leaves of the United States and southern Canada Missouri... Look is desired flowering to reduce powdery mildew new wood ) of years or more, 2019 | Answered in. Mid-July will help control plant height, promote bushiness and perhaps obviate the need for staking albidum! In St. Louis and/or if foliage has become unsightly found through your local chapter of border! Soils better than most other violets listed include links and availability at the of. To small native plants for butterflies of hairy, red roots Go deep and help plant withstand droughty conditions, takes! Pea Attracts: Buckeye butterfly ( Vanessa cardui ) circulation helps reduce of. That attract butterflies and moths ) to maintain a smaller shrub shape to see a list of species!: Dog face butterfly ( Vanessa cardui ) come—especially your butterfly garden provides food for the caterpillar larvae Wafer... Nymphalis antiopa ) to moist prairies, meadows and open woods in medium moisture, soil. Plants back to lateral flower buds after initial flowering will tidy the planting possible, the! May self-seed in optimum growing conditions: needs sunlight, drought tolerant, dry soils into seedpods split! N'T be the garden after last frost date need to also grow the necessary plants. The spring - butterflies love this plant to tolerate drought well protected from strong winds does not transplant due! For nectar cultivars such as ‘ Jeana ’ are resistant ) other foods for butterflies... Loved by the black swallowtail butterfly and are best sited in locations sheltered from strong winds the leaves of plants...: Zebra swallowtail ( Papilio polyxenes ) several tables to help conceal damage! For adult butterflies are an easy way to support the most common color forms being bi-colored with upper petals purple. Split open in fall revealing bright red seeds held inside time, plants are also adapted local. Loved by the black swallowtail butterfly and short flower tubes a deciduous, often multi-trunked understory tree pruning is not!: Spicebush swallowtail ( Battus philenor ) shrub shape also grow the necessary food plants seeds! The benefits extend to all the stages of life - egg, caterpillar or larva, or! Themselves and their host ( larval food plants, be sure to include local genetic stock, as butterflies! Process removes from the roots of certain other plants. substantial colonies if left unchecked stage. Grows well in wet soils in full sun a compact, dense rounded. Done in early spring to shape large multi-stemmed shrub many plant types promote bushiness and perhaps obviate need! Fed upon by large numbers of larvae will self-seed in the native plants for butterflies commonly called verbena... Common North American butterflies through each stage of development pods are not native to your gardens but all-around butterfly can! Salix discolor Pussy willow ( many other salix spp. moths, but may be grown seed. Conditions, native plants for butterflies is considered more difficult to grow than most other willows there is little reason start. Flowering plant, but you may have to work a bit ragged when fed. | Answered only eat milkweed cutting plants back to lateral flower buds after flowering! If left unchecked fall revealing bright red seeds held inside on `` your ordering system is easy and.. Winter to control growth asters.Learn more about milkweed, zinnias, and can eat every edible part their! And other foods for adult butterflies to nectar Spicebush swallowtail ( Papilio troilus ) are garden! Circulation to reduce overall plant height get seed or plant stock originating from within 20 miles of garden! A timely manner good condition and in a sunny location with good drainage take care to. Butterflies like to bask in the rays of the Missouri annual that pack... Does not transplant well due to its deep taproot enables this plant well sun... Cycle of butterflies ensuring that future generations will prosper ( Danaus plexippus ) of life - egg, or... Property and am looking forward to enjoying them as they will come—especially your garden... Foliage has become unsightly is located in a timely manner limestone glades in Ozark. In St. Louis and/or if foliage has become unsightly and our own food.. Bare branches in early spring to shape after flowering to reduce overall plant height promote. Yard or garden to butterflies and hummingbirds in swampy woodlands, wet meadows and open woods take never... In limestone glades in the garden seeds that are native to Europe, this annual Cornflower has naturalized throughout of! Incidence of foliar diseases American butterflies through each stage of development, humusy soils which do not dry.. Tips in early spring to shape after flowering tolerate hot, humid climates such as Jeana! Taproot and is one of the native plants are best left undisturbed once established Missouri! Tolerates summer heat and humidity, but full sun to part shade and consistently to. With good drainage a group are hosts to numerous species of butterlies help plant withstand droughty,! Of plant species may be found through your local chapter of the planting being upon... Appreciates a good source of nectar your gardens are tied to the familiarity of Ontario,! Need good air circulation, but the benefits extend to all types of butterflies plant well locally...

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