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[21] The Golgol landslides destroyed parts of international Route 215-CH, which connects to Bariloche in Argentina through Cardenal Antonio Samoré Pass. The resulting tsunamis affected southern Chile, Hawaii, Japan, the Philippines, eastern New Zealand, southeast Australia, and the Aleutian Islands. Valdivia earthquake 1. The 1960 Valdivia earthquake or Great Chilean Earthquake of Sunday, 22 May 1960 is to date the most powerful megathrust earthquake ever recorded on Earth, rating 9.5 on the moment magnitude scale. Chile is located on a tectonic plate boundary and a subduction zone called the Peru-Chile trench. In the regions of Maule and Bío Bío, houses built from adobe and masonry proved weak, while from Araucanía to the south weak houses were mainly those built with inappropriate wood that had decayed over time. The Valdivia earthquake of 1960 May 22 is until now the largest event ever recorded by a seismic network. 1737 Valdivia earthquake - Wikipedia 1737 Valdivia earthquake The 1737 Valdivia earthquake struck south-central Chile on December 24. Geophysicists consider it a matter of time before this earthquake will be surpassed in magnitude by another. Waves as high as 10.7 metres (35 ft) were recorded 10,000 kilometres (6,000 miles) from the epicenter, and as far away as Japan and the Philippines. [48], On 27 February 2010 at 03:34 local time, an 8.8 magnitude earthquake occurred just to the north (off the coast of the Maule region of Chile, between Concepción and Santiago). An earthquake of magnitude 6.5 occurred in the afternoon on Sunday 27 December 2020 at 4:39 pm local time near Valdivia, Provincia de Valdivia, Los Rios Region, Chile, as reported by the German Research Centre for Geosciences (GFZ). [20] These landslides did not cause many fatalities nor significant economic losses because most of the areas were uninhabited, with only minor roads. It occurred in the afternoon. The largest earthquake ( Moment magnitude Mw= 9.5) of the 20th century occurred on May 22, 1960 off the coast of South Central Chile. Puerto Octay was the center of a north–south elliptical area in the Central Valley, where the intensity was at the highest outside the Valdivia Basin. [47][14], Other lesser earthquakes that preceded the 1960 event occurred in 1737 and 1837. Español: Daño producido por un terremoto a casas de madera de buena calidad en Valdivia, Chile, 1960. [24] The work was not restricted to the lake; drainages from other parts of the Seven Lakes were dammed to minimize additional flow into Riñihue Lake. The magnitude of the Valdivia earthquake was between 9.4 – 9.6 which makes it the most powerful earthquake ever recorded. The 1575 Valdivia earthquake occurred at 14:30 local time on December 16. Further north, the port of Talcahuano did not suffer any major damage, only some flooding. Its economy based on fishing, agriculture and industry had grown. The relatively low death toll in Chile (5,700) is explained in part by the low population density in the region, and by building practices that took into account the area's high geological activity. A carabinero (police) boat, Gloria, was towing a few of these boats when the second earthquake struck on 22 May. It had an estimated magnitude of 8.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and led to the flood of Valdivia, Chile. The community had gathered in Cerro La Mesa, while the lowlands were struck by successive tsunamis. [22] On 22 May, a seiche occurred also in Nahuel Huapi Lake, on the Argentine side of the Andes, more than 200 km away from Valdivia. [33], The earthquakes damaged an area that had suffered a long period of economic decline, which began with shifts in trade routes due to the expansion of railroads in southern Chile and the opening of the Panama Canal in 1914. This 2010 Chile earthquake may be related or consequential to the 1960 tremor.[50]. The 1960 Chilean earthquakes were a sequence of strong earthquakes that affected Chile between 21 May and 6 June 1960, centered in the Araucanía, Aysén, and Bío Bío regions of the country. The engine of Canelos was warmed up after the earthquake. Approximately 20,000 people are killed every year by earthquakes. The bulk of the damage in Puerto Montt was located in the neighborhood of Barrio Modelo and the northern part of Bahía Angelmó, where artificial fills subsided. More specifically, the German and Danish governments helped to create the Centro Tecnológico de la Leche (the Milk Technological Centre) in the Southern University of Chile. It caused localised tsunamis that severely battered the Chilean coast, with waves up to 25 metres. El caso de Lota, Chile", "El domingo en que Valdivia sufrió el terremoto más violento del mundo", "Further observations of geologic and geomorphic changes resulting from the catastrophic earthquake of May 1960, in Chile", "An Mw =7.7 slow earthquake in 1960 near the Ays´en Fjord region, Chile", "Focal Process of the Great Chilean Earthquake May 22, 1960", "Slip Distribution and Seismic Moment of the 2010 and 1960 Chilean Earthquakes Inferred from Tsunami Waveforms and Coastal Geodetic Data", "Exploring the Historical Earthquakes Preceding the Giant 1960 Chile Earthquake in a Time-Dependent Seismogenic Zone", Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, "El "Riñihuazo" y su lucha contra la naturaleza", "Investigación aplicada sobre Geografía Urbana: Un caso práctico en la ciudad de Valdivia", "Genesis y manifestación de las inundaciones en el sur de Chile", "Predecessors of the giant 1960 Chile earthquake", "Tsunami After Deadly Earthquake Hits Chile", "Chile Earthquake Altered Earth Axis, Shortened Day", 22 May 1960 South Central Chile Tsunami Amplitudes, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1960_Valdivia_earthquake&oldid=997661299, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 January 2021, at 16:57. Two men on board Canelos died in the incident. At 3.11pm, a smaller earthquake was felt in the region and yet another 'smaller' earthquake of 7.5 the day before in Concepción a little to the north. On 24 May, 38 hours after the main shock of the 1960 Valdivia earthquake, the Cordón Caulle volcano erupted. There are over 500 active faults in California and most of its residents live within 30 miles of an active fault. Canelos was anchored at Corral when the quake struck, filling a cargo of wood and other products destined for northern Chile. The wave, most likely produced by an earthquake-triggered sediment slide at the lake bottom, killed two people and destroyed a pier in San Carlos de Bariloche city. Explore Valdivia's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. The area of intensities of VII or more did not penetrate into the Central Valley north of Lleulleu Lake (38° S) and south of Castro (42.5° S).[10]. Before the earthquake, some of these blocks had modern concrete buildings built after the Great Valdivia fire of 1909. The History of Us® is a registered trademark, View other events that happened on May 22. At 16:20 UTC-4, a wave of 8 m (26 ft) struck the Chilean coast, mainly between Concepción and Chiloé. The rupture zone was roughly from Valdivia to the south. This video is about Chile 1960 Valdivia Earthquake. Map of the Chile Earthquake of 1960 #5 The most affected city in the earthquake was Valdivia The Great Chilean earthquake occurred at 15:11 on 22nd May 1960. Some localized tsunamis severely battered the Chilean coast, with waves up to 25 m (82 ft). [9] East of Puerto Octay, in a hotel in Todos los Santos Lake, stacked plates were reported to have remained in place. Some of these areas remain sparsely vegetated while others have naturally developed more or less pure stands of Nothofagus dombeyi. Soil subsidence also destroyed buildings, deepened local rivers, and created wetlands in such places as the Río Cruces and Chorocomayo, a new aquatic park north of the city. To avoid the destruction of the city, several military units and hundreds of workers from ENDESA, CORFO, and MOP started an effort to control the lake. Historians Yoselin Jaramillo and Ismael Basso report that people in Queule decades later know about 50 people to have died because of the earthquake and tsunami.[19]. The epicenter of this megathrust earthquake was near Lumaco, approximately 570 kilometres (350 mi) south of Santiago, with Valdivia being the most affected city. [42][43] The victim was 5-year-old José Luis Painecur, an "orphan" (huacho) whose mother had gone to work as a domestic worker in Santiago and left her son under the care of her father. It was the so called Valdivia earthquake that occurred in 1960 in the southern part of the Latin American nation of Chile, about 400 miles south of its capital Santiago. A judge ruled that those involved had "acted without free will, driven by an irresistible natural force of ancestral tradition". The earthquake triggered numerous landslides, mainly in the steep glacial valleys of the southern Andes. [42], The sacrifice was learned about by authorities after a boy in the commune of Nueva Imperial denounced to local leaders the theft of two horses; these were allegedly eaten during the sacrifice ritual. The epicenter was near Canete (see map) some 700 km south of Santiago although Valdivia, Chile was the most affected city. [9] Excepting poor building sites, the zone of Mercalli scales intensities of VII or more all lay west of the Andes in a strip running from Lota (37° S) southwards. [17], In the Valdivia River and Corral Bay, several vessels were wrecked by the earthquake, among them Argentina, Canelos, Carlos Haverbeck, Melita, and the salvaged remnants of Penco. The main tsunami crossed the Pacific Ocean at a speed of several hundred km/h and devastated Hilo, Hawaii, killing 61 people. The lack of potable water became a serious problem in one of Chile's rainiest regions. Music source: https://youtu.be/hr4IWrJpge0 Hope you enjoy! [32], The United States quickly set up a field hospital following the earthquake. Chile earthquake of 1960. Its epicenter was near Curanilahue. According to preliminary data, the quake was located at a shallow depth of 10 km. ; Oyarzun, Edgardo ; Planas, Lenia hits Chile on November 17 arising from this widespread disaster not! Was of similar strength and also caused a flood agriculture and industry had grown 18 % of largest. Which still retains its dam occurred in 1737 and 1837 the ensuing damage wiped out roughly 18 of... 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