If you’re thinking of moving any bushes or shrubs, late fall to early spring is the best time - when the plants are dormant. In a shady, unused spot. Selects one-year branches, that is, the growth of the current year. 5 Replies 1672 Views October 05, 2009, 13:59 by tode : Proporgating currant bushes. Each plant matures into a small tree with short, sturdy side branches on which fruit forms. Ribes (Flowering Currant) A species of evergreen/deciduous flowering and fruiting shrubs. By far the best time to plant is October to late March when the ground is moist. Most (but not all) currant shrubs smell slightly skunky. Currant bushes live 12 to 15 years, so it’s worth taking the time to prepare the soil properly. Family: Grossulariaceae (gooseberry) Botanical Name: Ribes Common Names: flowering currant, red-flowered currant Foliage: simple, palmately lobed, deciduous or evergreen leaves, typically three-lobed. Water the plant in well, soaking the area to help settle the soil down around the plant’s roots. Nature Hills sells a large variety of plants with several options available. Their striking green foliage changes shades throughout the year, starting as bright green in the spring, dark green in the summer, and a warm yellow in the fall months. Not long ago, my head gardener, Ryan McCallister, and I decided to make a few changes to the bed in front of my main greenhouse. Currant bushes will thrive in most types of garden soil, but free draining soil that stays moist is preferable. Foxgloves are popular in cottage garden planting schemes, loved for their spires of bell-shaped, bee-friendly tubular flowers with spotted centres. Blackcurrants thrive in deep soil, so dig a generous planting hole and add plenty of well-rotted compost or manure and fertiliser to the soil. Currants should be also trained after planting. Always ask for disease-resistant varieties. Currant bushes can pollinate their own flowers, so you only have to plant one variety to get fruit, although you’ll get bigger fruit if you plant two different varieties. Red currants commence ripening in mid Summer. Space blackcurrant bushes 1.8m (6ft) apart. Experienced gardeners suggest planting currant bushes in a location that receives morning sun and afternoon shade. First things first, you’ll need to narrow down the variety of black currant that you want to grow in your garden. Started by cudders on Grow Your Own. Planted in winter, bare-root blackcurrants will settle into the garden during the dormant season and are at less risk of suffering from drought in the first summer than potted blackcurrants planted in spring. Ornamental as well as practical, currants are an excellent choice for home gardens in northern states. It is a good idea to plant currant bushes in fall or until spring, while avoiding frost spells. Water thoroughly after planting and apply 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 cm.) 5 Replies 1939 Views March 11, 2007, 19:55 by Bobby T Black Currant bushes.. Pack soil firmly around the roots. Opinions differ as to how deep to plant red currant bushes. Do not soak plants in water more than 1 hour! Birds like to eat the developing buds of currant bushes, so protect plants in the winter. N. Do To do in November. Plant currants slightly deeper than they grew in their nursery container, and space them 4 to 5 feet (1 to 1.5 m.) apart. 3 … To prepare a site for planting, add a layer of compost and dig it into the soil. The area was planted with a number currant bushes - black, white, pink and red. In mild climates, you can plant currant shrubs in winter. Plant bare-root blackcurrant bushes in autumn and pot grown plants at any time of the year. If you test your soil and it requires more nutrients, enrich it by adding organic matter such as compost, manure, or peat. Currant plants for sale! They need well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter and a pH between 5.5 and 7.0. Choose your favorite Currant plant from Raintree Nursery. If you’re planting in spring, water more regularly during the first months, because your shrub will need more water to develop its roots over the summer months. Back fill the hole with soil and firm down the surface gently but firmly with your foot. For those living in humid climates, make sure you choose a planting site with plenty of air circulation to prevent powdery mildew from infecting your currant leaves. Mulch helps keep the soil moist and cool, and prevents competition from weeds. The red currant shrub will grow vigorously in its first year and then flower and fruit the second year however sometimes it may take up to 5 years to mature and bear fruit. Alpine currant, or Ribes alpinum, shrubs are mounding, dense and compact, making them ideal bushes for a hedge. Water well one to three times a week, not every day. Choose rather well-lit exposure. Water currant shrubs regularly to keep the soil moist from the time they begin growing in spring until after harvest. They grow on small shrubs. Set each plant at least 6cm (2.25in) deeper than it was previously, so it develops into a multi-stemmed stool bush. Mature black currants bear fruits best on 1 and 2-year-old branches. Feed plants with pelleted chicken manure in spring, then cover the roots with a 5cm mulch of garden compost to hold in moisture and suppress weeds. To make a hedge, keep a distance of around 3 feet (1 meter) between plants. Bushes of the various currant varieties grow to different sizes, and the black currant bush is the largest, growing from 5 to 6 feet tall and wide. Our Bare Root Currant Bushes Are Available Here. Plant bare-root blackcurrants in late autumn; containerised plants can be planted at any time of year as long as the soil is not too wet. Great! Propagating flowering currant. Favor planting in fall or in spring but avoid freezing temperatures or high temperatures. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. These local resources can also help you choose the variety that grows best in the area. The mature plant will be 4 to 5 feet tall and 3 to 4 feet wide. Bear in mind that redcurrants and whitecurrants will grow too fast if overfed, so don’t spoil them. Yield and How Much to Plant. White flowers with a blush of pink, bloom in spring and summer, making this variety a great addition to flower borders. Reds and pinks are used primarily in jams and jellies because they are quite tart. Water well after planting and daily afterwards in dry weather. Although closely related, you can easily distinguish currants and gooseberries by examining the canes and fruit. Plant Sizes. Sprinkle a handful of fertiliser in the hole and fork it into the soil. from the trunk of the shrub. Where to plant redcurrant bushes. The best time to plant is in the dormant season, November to March, but avoid periods when the soil is frozen or very wet. Fork over a wide area of ground, then dig a hole deep enough to accommodate the roots of your fruit bush. Alpine Currant is a landscaper's standby for a carefree shrub you can count on to provide reliable green color spring through fall and is a must-have for those landscape spots where you could use something simple and dependable. Too much nitrogen also encourages diseases. Make sure to water your currant plants regularly, especially during the summer months. You need to start with the fact that the most successful way of reproduction of any currant — layering. Planting in a zigzag also gives the bed a more interesting look. Plant currant bushes in prepared planting holes four to five feet apart in rows six to eight feet apart. 150cm apart and 150cm between rows. Containerised plants can be planted throughout the year but avoid very hot and very cold weather. Their relatively small plant size, ease of cultivation, and flavorful fruit make them well suited for home cultivation. Water well one to three times a week, not every day. Lots of shade? You will see blackcurrants for sale in two forms: bare-root stock (as the name suggests, the roots are exposed when you purchase these plants) or in containers. The available Currant plants are Black, Red, Pink and White. Planting of bare rooted bushes during the dormant season, from October to April is to be preferred because the bushes establish will little intervention or aftercare and receive little shock at this time. Gooseberry canes normally produce a spine at each leaf node and bear roughly grape-sized berries singly or in groups of two or three. High in nutrition and low in fat, it’s no wonder currants are more popular than ever. Use an insecticide developed for dealing specifically with sawfly. Spread the roots of the blackcurrant bush out evenly across the hole area, teasing them out carefully. Step 4 Observe the berry clusters. A little-known cousin of the witch hazel family, fluffy scented pink flowers appear in abundance in winter and spring, contrasting with the evergreen, purple foliage. This is called heading back and is always done to a healthy bud. D. Do To do in December. Typically, you’ll only select one type to avoid cross-pollination, unless you have separate areas to plant the bushes. With red currants, everything is different. 17 October 2008, written by Jeremy Dore. If your soil is clay or sandy, work in lots of organic matter before planting, or prepare a raised bed. Currant Bushes. Planting Currant Bushes During the cooler months while plants are dormant, currants are sold bare-rooted and in prime transplanting condition. Space red and white currant bushes 5 feet apart. How to Grow Black Currant. Red currant bushes begin to grow very early in the spring, so the bushes should be planted in early autumn or in late winter, before spring growth begins. Tutorial. Soak the roots of currant bushes in water before planting them. It is around this time of the year that I like to start one of my favorite gardening activities – dreaming about next year! How to grow blackcurrants. Spacing is the same at 5ft between plants for bushes but red and white currants can also be grown as single, double or triple cordon plants with spacings of 1.5, 3 and 4 foot respectively. Yield and How Much to Plant. Pruning a currant standard is the same as that of the currant bushes, only one storey higher. Red currant bushes usually produce fruit when the bushes are 2 to 3 years old. These are plants with no soil or compost around the roots. Between winter and summer, the bush will grow a lot, so you will need to prune it again. According to the USDA Nutrition Handbook, they have more vitamin C, phosphorous and potassium than any other fruit. Plant no deeper than the original soil mark on the stem, with the exception of blackcurrants which should be planted 5cm (2in) deeper. You should keep in mind that saline soils or soils with poor drainage is bad for currants. Elderberry Harvest Season: Tips For Picking Elderberries, What Are Currant Tomatoes: Different Types Of Currant Tomato, Currant Pruning - How To Prune A Currant Bush, Houseplant Placement – Houseplants And Where To Put Them, Choosing Houseplants For Your Style - What Are The Best Houseplants For My Decor, Button Fern Indoor Requirements – How To Grow Button Fern Houseplants, Growing Candy Cane Oxalis Bulbs: Caring For Candy Cane Oxalis Flowers, Morning Glory Control: How To Kill Morning Glory Weeds, Senna Candlestick Care: How To Grow Candlestick Bushes, What Is An Herb Knot Garden: Growing A Small Kitchen Knot Garden, Fragrant Houseplants: Best Smelling Houseplants You Should Grow, Peace Lily Growing: The Story of My Peace Lily Houseplant, Goal For The New Year: Creating A Garden That Feeds The Birds, Garden Design Plans: Dreamin’ Of A Garden Arbor Over Patio. Currant shrubs prefer the cool conditions in USDA plant hardiness zones 3 through 5. If growing in a container choose a large tub or barrel. Whites are the sweetest and can be eaten out of hand. Best gardening deals in the January sales, How to grow strawberries from mail-order runners. Red Currants are pruned differently to Black Currants. Do To do in October. There are restrictions on growing currants in some areas because they are susceptible to white pine blister rust, a disease that can devastate trees and agricultural crops. It is a good idea to plant currant bushes in fall or until spring, while avoiding frost spells. It is not common to plant these within a square foot garden, but if it is kept trimmed, you can plant it with at least 2 square feet. Multiple branches of these small bushes produce a multitude of flowers which are coloured pale green that develops into small bright red berries. When currants are planted in a heavily shaded area, they will exhibit less vigor and produce smaller fruit. Keeping the older stems will allow them to continue to grow berries. Since berries like to grow on older stems, focus on pruning off the newer ones instead. When to plant blackcurrants These days it is possible to plant all year round. And of course, the fruits taste great. To make a hedge, … They need fairly severe pruning to cause the plant to form evenly spaced branches that allow air and sunlight in but are nice and strong for fruit production. Planting flowering currant. Water thoroughly after planting and apply 2-4 inches of organic mulch around the plants. Plant. Started by Bobby T on Grow Your Own. Plan on keeping about 10 or so outward growing stems. It’s a perennial plant with the scientific name, Ribus nigrum, that is commonly turned into the sweet drink called Ribena, which is very popular across a range of countries in Europe. If you have to store bushes in pots, lift the plants with as much root as possible. Bushes for red and white currants, such as the popular 'Red Lake' variety, seldom grow larger than 5 feet and are more suited for foundation planting, while black currants are better for hedges and boundaries. Where to plant blackcurrants Blackcurrants are able to tolerate poor drainage better than other soft fruits but ideally they will prefer a well drained soil with plenty of organic matter added and shelter from strong winds. Plants will fail to flourish if roots are too deep or too shallow. Plant in a sheltered site, out of strong winds, and avoid frost pockets. The spring flowers are gorgeous in the spring, and the berries dangle like bunches of grapes in early summer. Planting Guide for Currants. If your currant plant’s leaves are being skeletonized, you probably have sawfly. Black currants are more vigorous and should be spaced about 0.6 to 1.5 m (3 to 5 ft) apart. The mulch will help keep the plants cool and the soil moist. Pruning currant shrubs annually is helpful for the plant as well in both maintaining its form and inducing a bigger, healthier harvest each year. Water in dry spells but not while the fruits are ripening as this may cause them to split. Add additional mulch every year to bring it up to the proper depth. Same planting process applies for potted plants. The most favorable time for pruning planting material is from the beginning of August to mid-September. Opinions differ as to how deep to plant red currant bushes. Black currant bushes can be planted all year round but late spring to late summer planting will require you to keep them well watered. In small gardens, blackcurrants can be grown in containers. Order Now! Currants grow well in sun or partial shade, and appreciate afternoon shade in warm climates. Avoid fertilizer burn by fertilizing only after plants are established. By summer the bush will have formed plenty of new shoots that will carry fruit the following summer. Buy yours today! Get the pruning right at the right time and red currants are hardly ever a problem. An average redcurrant plant will need to be spaced about 120cm / 4ft from other plants in order to allow it to expand to its full size at maturity. Pruning is an important part of the care of your black currant bushes. For more information, check out Consort Black Currants on the Burpee website. Do not plant near wild plants or plants whose origins are unknown. Some currant shrubs are attractive enough to plant in a shrub or flower border. Although they are usually used in baking, jams and jellies because of their tart flavor, some types are sweet enough to eat right off the bush. One bush should yield about 4.5kg (10lb) of fruit. Best Black Currant Varieties. Currants grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8. Choose a spot in your garden where the red currant bushes will be exposed to full daylight. Here are a few ways to grow currant bushes: As a foundational hedge bordering the front porch. Step 5 Check the color and striping pattern of the berries. Currants are a must have fruit plant for the garden, allotment or polytunnel. Containerised plants can be planted all year round. Currant bushes will need a trellis that is in the full sun to part shade to thrive. Space black currants 6 … Commonly grown for their lush foliage, Ribes alpinum, also called "alpine currants," are mound-forming deciduous shrubs that can grow up to 6’ tall. In extremely cold regions it may be necessary to wait until spring before purchasing your bare-root plants. In warmer climates, plant currant bushes in a cool spot with northern exposure. A red or white currant plant grown on a stake or cordon will yield about 2 pounds each year. Avoid times when the soil is waterlogged or frozen. Avoid fertilizer burn by fertilizing only after plants are established. Winter is the time to plant bare-root blackcurrant bushes. Read free planting guide 1-3 months before planting. When planting, place them so that they are set slightly deeper into the ground than they were in their nursery pot. Consider the main stages and nuances of rooting cuttings of red currant. After planting, prune the bush right back. Plants may drop their leaves when temperatures exceed 85 degrees Fahrenheit (29 C.) for an extended period of time. Ornamental as well as practical, currants are an excellent choice for home gardens in northern states. Just one plant can provide a generous crop of berries. Currants are native to North America. Dried currants are becoming increasingly popular as a snack. Our experience is that that they are best planted 5cm / 2in deeper than they are in the pot. I wanted the bushes planted in a zigzag pattern, to ensure each bush has ample room to grow. In a hedge, space each plant at least 30 inches (80 cm) apart. Currants should be planted in the early spring. Warnings. Even so, planting is still best done in autumn, while the soil is still warm enough to get the roots growing but watering is not usually necessary. Container-grown bushes are available to buy and plant all year round, but will establish better if planted in autumn or winter. In the catalogs currants are usually bought bare-rooted to be planted during the dormant season from late autumn/fall to early spring. There are wonderful varieties to choose from but once you have one thriving bush (or know someone who has) you don’t even … How to plant redcurrant bushes Prepare the planting area. Currant Bushes Started by Lardman on Grow Your Own. Pack soil firmly around the roots. Currants are a hardy, easy-to-grow berry that foes well in pies, jams or pastries. Do To do in September. This encourages more than one central stem to grow and seems to result in a more healthy bush. Fill in around the roots with soil, firming it down with your foot as you go, to remove any air pockets. Plants that don’t get enough water during spring and summer may develop mildew. Space red and white currant bushes 5 feet apart. Currant Borer. Spacing Currants. If blackcurrant bushes are kept well fed and watered you could be harvesting fruit a year after planting. In the winter, prune any old branches that are close to the ground, any that are crossing, or obviously old canes. Top In this case we are focusing on bush growing as it is the easiest, has the highest yield and is the most common method. Trimming the newer stems will help encourage growth and give you a bushier plant. Although they are usually used in baking, jams and jellies because of their tart flavor, some types are sweet enough to eat right off the bush. You should prune so that there are 12 canes left for each plant. Just one plant can provide a generous crop of berries. Plant with tip of stem at soil level and approx. Plants should be spaced a short stride apart to make a hedge or a full stride apart if being grown as individual specimens. Currant canes lack the spines and bear 8 to 30 pea-sized berries in clusters. Add controlled-release fertiliser like Seafeed seaweed and poultry manure pellets on poor soils for individual plants if compound fertiliser wasn’t added when preparing the soil. Pruning redcurrants. Red currants prefer to grow in heavier soils that have some clay content. Allow 5ft (1.5m) between bushes and 5ft (1.5m) between rows. Clay soil? Keep the fertilizer 12 inches (30 cm.) Full sun? Currant bushes are an attractive addition to the home garden, taking up scant space against walls, trellis, and foundations. Prune all the shoots right back to encourage new growth from below soil level. Water plants well in dry weather until the plant is well established. A red or white currant plant grown on a stake or cordon will yield about 2 pounds each year. Follow the Nature-and-Garden tips on how to plant a shrub. They do need to be pruned yearly. A well established currant bush can produce up to 10-pounds of berries per-year. O. Ornamental forms are some of the earliest flowering spring shrubs and very easy to grow. Flowers may be one of several colors, including white, yellow or dark red. Find out how to plant a blackcurrant bush, in our practical How-to guide. Currants come in red, pink, white and black. Most of the problems associated with lack of fruit on red currant bushes is owing to the wrong method of pruning. Space black currants 6 feet apart. Ensure that plants are watered well throughout the coming year, especially in periods of drought. Mail order fruit nurseries have a great range of bare-root plants in autumn and winter. Buying Options for Plants. It is very easy to propagate flowering currant through cuttings at the end of winter. Plants will fail to flourish if roots are too deep or too shallow. Do not plant near wild plants or plants whose origins are unknown. In addition, they are second only to elderberries in iron and protein content, and they are lower in fat than any fruit except nectarines. Give them only a couple of tablespoons of 10-10-10 fertilizer once a year in early spring. Most plants are sold in containers so may be planted any time the weather is right. Try planting them under oak, walnut, or … Blackcurrants are easy to grow and more tolerant of heavy soils than other currant bushes. If you have a large garden, a fruit cage is ideal, alternatively, cover plants in bud with anti-bird mesh. The alpine currant is very hardy, tolerating winter temperatures as low as -50 degrees Fahrenheit and is drought-tolerant. The caterpillar of this fly is a voracious eater and a handful of them can eat an entire plant in no time. Ultimately, the aim is to remove old wood that has been removed and to encourage the plant to grow new wood again for the best fruit quality. SOW & PLANT PLANT. Tip plenty of garden compost into the hole and fork it deep into the soil. Plant your currant plants slightly deeper than they were in their nursery pots and space each one 4-5 feet apart. Currant bushes are planted a few inches deeper than the pot they are transplanted from. Currant plants grow best in a rich, well-drained garden with a soil pH of 6.5. Homemade currant jams and pies are making a comeback in the United States. That is, in the fall, the folded branch of an adult Bush is dug out or pressed to the ground. Redcurrants grow on old wood so new wood should be trimmed back to keep bushes compact and productive. Currants can grow well on sandy or heavy and loamy soil as long as their nutrient requirements are met. 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